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Many Catholic Churches offer Mass every day, sometimes more than once per day. Which other churches do this? (I'm particularly wondering about the Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox and Church of the East)

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    The Mass of the Presanctified on Good Friday is the only day of the year where Mass is not celebrated in the Roman Rite. "Divine Liturgy of the Presanctified Gifts is used in the Eastern Orthodox Church and those Eastern Catholic Churches which follow the Byzantine Rite only on the weekdays (Monday through Friday) of Great Lent, and on Monday through Wednesday of Holy Week. At each of these Presanctified Liturgies, the Sacred Mysteries (Blessed Sacrament) would have been consecrated the previous Sunday." – Ken Graham Mar 6 '17 at 13:37
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The short answer is yes, they do.

In the Eastern Orthodox Church, what is called "Mass" is usually referred to as "Divine Liturgy" or "Liturgy", although I have seen a Prayer Book from the Antiochian jurisdiction also use the term "Mass".

There is a strict rule within the Eastern Orthodox Church, however, that Divine Liturgy cannot be served at the same altar more than once per day nor by the same priest(s) more than once per day. Also, the Sunday Liturgy is only served on Sunday - there is no Saturday evening Liturgy that takes the place of Sunday morning (usually on Saturday evening a Vespers service takes place, preceded or followed by Confession). Large cathedrals and monasteries may have multiple chapels that allow more than one Liturgy to be served on-site each day, but by different priests at different altars. (I seem to recall that there is some ancient Church canon governing this practice, but I cannot find it).

There is nothing prohibiting the Divine Liturgy being served every day, except during those days of the year when there is no Divine Liturgy (e.g. Great and Holy Friday - "Good Friday" in the West). I think that within most jurisdictions, the bishop tries to have individual parishes schedule at least one Divine Liturgy during the day on different days of the week, so that there is one Liturgy available each day. Within my parish - which is very small - we have Divine Liturgy three times per week during the normal year, and sometimes every day during the Lenten and Pascal seasons, depending on the calendar. In addition we have usually have Vespers services on Wednesday and Saturday evenings and on the eves of major feast days. Many Orthodox monasteries celebrate the Divine Liturgy every day, again depending on the Church calendar.

Within the Eastern Orthodox Church we celebrate four types of Liturgies:

  1. The Liturgy of St. James, which is very ancient and very long and is now celebrated only during the actual Feast of St. James

  2. The Liturgy of St. Basil, which is quite a bit shorter and is celebrated during special seasons (e.g. Great Lent on Sundays).

  3. The Liturgy of St. John Chrysostom, which is the "normal" Liturgy

  4. The Presanctified Liturgy of St. Gregory Diologist (Pope St. Gregory the Great), which is said weekdays during Lent.

I am not completely sure, but I expect that you will find that most or all of what I describe above also applies to Eastern Rite Catholics under the jurisdiction of the Pope.

[Note: It is not relevant to your question, but I am a convert from Roman Catholicism to Eastern Orthodoxy, fairly steeped in the western monastic tradition (Benedictine)]

  • Do Orthodox churches offer daily mass? If the Presanctified Liturgy of St. Gregory is used during Great Lent that means the Mass is not celebrated during week days because "the service consists of Daily Vespers combined with additional prayers and communion. The communion bread has already been consecrated and intincted with the precious Blood and reserved at the previous Sunday's Divine Liturgy." – Ken Graham Mar 6 '17 at 13:07
  • Seems like a semantics issue. We might as well say then that "Mass" is not offered daily in the Orthodox Church, since the Orthodox Church serves "Liturgy" (Greek 'leitourgia') and not "Mass". The service of the Presanctified Liturgy is referred to as a "Liturgy", regardless of how the service is constructed. – guest37 Mar 6 '17 at 15:54
  • I think one would also say then that technically Mass is not offered every day in the Roman Catholic Church since, if I am not mistaken, presanctified gifts are presented on Good Friday. – guest37 Mar 6 '17 at 16:00

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