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10

Absolutely, definitely not. Works are important, but we are not justified by works. The Catechism states this unequivocally: 161 Believing in Jesus Christ and in the One who sent him for our salvation is necessary for obtaining that salvation.42 “Since ‘without faith it is impossible to please [God]’ and to attain to the fellowship of his sons, therefore ...


10

You've fallen into a common trap of examining a single piece of a theological system by importing that piece into your own construct rather than seeing how it fits into its own context. A Reformed understanding of soteriology is dependent on several interwoven ideas about God and his role in creation. Note this assumption in your question is not ...


9

If you (say you) have faith but don't have works, do you really have faith? Works are the result of faith. They don't save you. If you have faith, it is only natural that you will have works. James's question is to people who have no works. Why don't you have any works? Where is your faith? Matthew 12:33 (NASB) "Make a tree good and its fruit will be ...


8

James is writing his epistle to "my brethren" (1:2), who are already of the church, so he is not writing to unbelievers to tell them how to be saved from their sins an get right with God. His readers have already come to Jesus and had their sins washed away in the blood of the Lamb, been justified by faith, and entered into a saving relationship with God. ...


7

Human effort consistent with the will of God, does not oppose God's Grace. However, the words of Jesus to Peter (cf. Matthew 16:21-23), "Get behind me, Satan! You are a stumbling block to me; for you are setting your mind not on divine things, but on human things" (NRSV) are a proclamation from God himself that human effort can, indeed, oppose God's ...


6

Clement of Rome, Clement of Alexandria, and Didymus the Blind said things that could be mistaken for the formula, but don't fit all the criteria. The first one to use it unmistakably is Origen, in passing, followed by Augustine, also in passing, though he frequently says other things that are near-hits. It's not until the Protestant Reformation that the ...


5

The answer is provided in one of the passages you quoted: Or do you not know that wrongdoers will not inherit the kingdom of God? Do not be deceived: Neither the sexually immoral nor idolaters nor adulterers nor men who have sex with men nor thieves nor the greedy nor drunkards nor slanderers nor swindlers will inherit the kingdom of God. And that is what ...


5

I would just like to expand on @Dan's comments regarding the catholic (lower-case c) perspective on faith and works. In the Roman rite of Christian Orthodoxy (aka Roman Catholic), the concept of salvation is explained by sola gratia (as in salvation only by grace), rather the the sola fide doctrine conceived by Martin Luther. If one is truly coporating with ...


5

The note for John 5:29 in the John MacArthur NASB Study Bible (MacArthur is Calvinist) says: Jesus was not teaching for justification by works (see 6:29). In the context, the "good" is believing on the Son so as to receive a new nature that produces good works (3:21; Jas 2:14-20), while the "evil" done is to reject the Son (the unsaved) and hate the ...


4

Note that in the Edwards quote you gave: So long as men are in their natural state, they not only have no good thing, but it is impossible they should have, or do any good thing. (Jonathan Edwards [1758], Original Sin ( Vol. 3) , Ed. Clyde A. Holbrook, P280) You left off the end of the sentence: as appears by Romans 8:8, which says: Those who are in the ...


4

You are actually asking numerous questions in this question, so I will just summarize the answer and then address each verse you listed. Summary: The protestant view does not link works with grace as the Roman Catholics do. Protestants that believe in once saved always saved (arguable the majority) hold to the doctrine of justification by faith apart from ...


4

I am a Reformed Pastor and I think the passage most Reformed Christians would turn to is: Ephesians 2: 8-9: For it is by grace you have been saved, through faith—and this is not from yourselves, it is the gift of God— not by works, so that no one can boast. Much like Catholic teaching referred to above faith is a gift of grace, once your eyes have been ...


3

Hah, well, you've got a couple ambiguous statements to begin with: "Human effort does not oppose God's grace." "As long as you do your best , God will indeed do the rest." What do you mean by human effort? Effort in what? Doing your best in what? And what is God gracing you with? What is the "rest" that he is doing? If you're ...


3

Yes, the two doctrines are quite different, you cannot be saved by your works, but there must be works with your faith for you to find salvation. In other words, it's not the works that saves your soul, but without the works your faith is in vain and of none effect. If I keep telling you that I believe the chair in front of us will hold me up, but I never ...


3

Even though this is a very simplistic way of explaining these views, and there are nuances of understanding and shades of belief that fall between these three, I really don't see anything incorrect about your summary. This does seem to accurately sum up three major views on salvation, each of which are based on Scripture, but with a different ...


3

There's a simpler answer than all of the others: In Sum, why not believe in salvation by grace? Because you don't just choose what you believe. You believe things because you think they're true. So, even if this argument was valid, it wouldn't be useful, because it recommends a choice that you don't control. The same applies to Pascal's Wager.


3

The human effort does not oppose God's grace if this effort consist in obedience to God... Even more this kind of human effort will be the inevitable result of the God's grace. That is called the perseverance of the saints in reformed theology. "Do not err, my beloved brethren. Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, and cometh down from ...


3

According to Emanuel Swedenborg, faith without works does not save a person (Note: This section can be skipped by those who are interested only in the Swedenborgian interpretation of Luke 23:39-43. The purpose of this section is to establish that Swedenborg, and Swedenborgians, reject justification by faith alone, and believe that good works are also ...


3

I am asking specifically for the biblical basis of the belief that good works are the fruits of faith. Hebrews 11 addresses this directly. Verse 6 is instructive, for it tells us that without faith it is impossible to please God. The rest of the chapter goes on to tell us how the ancients expressed their faith. Their works were the fruits -- the outflow,...


3

For the sake of brevity, I have placed a single page regarding the parables of the kingdom here on google docs. A number of the parables of the kingdom, as described in the page, convey that what is 'likened' to the kingdom is not actually the kingdom. The parable itself reveals that the essence of the kingdom resides within something that is 'like' the ...


2

The framework of this teaching is: Response to Enlightenment/Realisation of God's requirements Just as the dishonest steward realised that he needed shelter to survive after his discharge, Christians realize they need shelter to survive in the afterlife. Shelter is available only in Christ. To follow him, one must stop following the world. There is only ...


2

I think you've got it wrong in every possible way and here's why. Nobody but the most abysmall Pharisee believe this. The Catholic Church is often portrayed as taking this stance, it's just not what she teaches. Mormons appear to believe this, but I think even they have mechanisms by which you can lose your salvation. If you have faith, the works will ...


2

Preface: This site's guidelines says that anyone who self-identifies as a Christian is considered a christian for this site. That means that if you believe in salvation by works alone, yet call yourself a Christian you are, by definition, a group (of one) that believes this. So if there is even a single group out there consisting of two people that ...


2

God's Justice and Mercy To start off, it should be noted that doing a lot of good things does not exempt any of us from human law. I give a lot of money to charities, treat people well, pay taxes, etc. It could well be said that I am a good person. However, a few years ago, I received a speeding ticket. I did not go before the judge and plead "I'm a ...


2

Your answer has "Catholicism" tag, so I'll try to explain Catholic belief that Paul and James are in perfect harmony, that they say the same, just from two perspectives. Let's start with James. He wrote in the second chapter of his letter: 14 What good is it, my brothers and sisters, if someone claims to have faith but has no deeds? Can such faith save ...


2

How is the teachings in the Book of James consistent with Salvation by Grace alone? James 2:17 Even so faith, if it hath not works, is dead, being alone. Many take the verses of James chapter two and see in them a treatise on salvation. However, in context James is chastising church leaders for being respecters of important people and neglecters of ...


2

“Not everyone who says to Me, .. ....but he who does the will of My Father who is in heaven will enter." What is the Father's will? Does the Father's will exclude " .. prophesying, casting out demons, ..... performing miracles" in the name of Jesus? The works of those who do not qualify to enter do not seem evil at all in themselves. They aren't. ...


2

Jesus said: Matthew 6:16 through 18 NKJV "Moreover, when you fast, do not be like the hypocrites, with a sad countenance. For they disfigure their faces that they may appear to men to be fasting. Assuredly, I say to you, they have their reward. 17 But you, when you fast, anoint your head and wash your face, 18 so that you do not appear to men to be ...


2

In the Protestant belief, works are a sign of faith, and the Holy Spirit working in the life of the believer. The ESV commentary elaborates on this interpretation thusly: Faith without Works Is Dead. James continues the theme that hearing/faith must lead to doing/works. It may seem that James contradicts Paul’s “by grace you have been saved through ...


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