11 votes
Accepted

Did the authors of the Westminster Standards accept Roman Catholic baptisms as valid?

There is nothing absolutely specific in the Westminster Confession about Roman Catholic baptism. What there is supports its validity. However there was a long-established acceptance of baptism by ...
davidlol's user avatar
  • 7,862
7 votes

How does the Westminster Confession address the paradox of the Bible canon?

The Westminster Confession of Faith and its associated catechisms (collectively referred to as the Westminster Standards) are designed to teach the Reformed faith, but not necessarily to defend it. ...
Ben Mordecai's user avatar
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7 votes

How does the Westminster Confession address the paradox of the Bible canon?

Yes, the Westminster Confession of Faith answers this apparent, but not real, circularity as follows. In Chapter 1 Paragraph 5, we read: We may be moved and induced by the testimony of the Church ...
Adrian Keister's user avatar
7 votes

Did 17th century Reformed Christians reject textual criticism?

Chapter 1 Section VIII of the Westminster Confession states that it is both the Hebrew (O.T.) and the Greek (N.T.) texts in their original languages that the Westminster Divines said were “immediately ...
Anne's user avatar
  • 28.8k
6 votes
Accepted

According to the Protestant denominations that hold to the doctrine of clarity of scripture, is Trinitarianism clear?

The section of the Westminster Confession you have quoted, Chapter I, section VII, explains how there is no limiting factor within the scripture, regarding those things necessary for salvation, which ...
Mike Borden's user avatar
  • 16.3k
5 votes

According to Anglicanism, is the Pope the Antichrist?

No. The Article of the Westminster Confession quoted in the question clearly identifies the Pope as the Antichrist. However the Westminster Confession is not a doctrinal standard of the Anglican ...
davidlol's user avatar
  • 7,862
5 votes
Accepted

Does the Westminster Confession affirm or deny Luther's predilection for Paul's writings?

First of all, it's important to recognize that "Reformed theology" does not mean "theology of the reformers" – the terminology is a bit confusing, which is why the tradition is ...
Nathaniel is protesting's user avatar
5 votes

How are the bread and wine explained by those who forbid images of Jesus?

All that God has made, expresses himself. The creation of luminaries in the heavens expresses something about Light. And God is Light; and in him is no darkness at all. The creation of vegetation, the ...
Nigel J's user avatar
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4 votes
Accepted

Did 17th century Reformed Christians reject textual criticism?

Background We need to read the Westminster Confession of Faith document & Catechism in the proper historical context (1647), which is partly a reaction to the Roman Catholic Council of Trent ...
GratefulDisciple's user avatar
4 votes
Accepted

Why have conservative Presbyterians objected to chapters on the Holy Spirit and the Gospel in the Westminster Confession?

I'll quote from two notable opponents of these two chapters. The first is John Murray; his comments on the Confession were published in 1936 in the newsletter edited by J. Gresham Machen, the founder ...
Nathaniel is protesting's user avatar
4 votes
Accepted

What major changes have American Presbyterians made to the Westminster Confession of Faith?

American Presbyterians have indeed made a number of significant changes to the Westminster Confession through the years. Some portions of the Confession have been revised (or outright rejected) by ...
Nathaniel is protesting's user avatar
4 votes

Has Protestantism relegated the scripture to be the 'Subordinate Standard'?

The entire line of reasoning you're following, from the quotes themselves to your re-statements of what the quotes mean to your final conclusion, takes some alogical jumps that end in a flat-out ...
JDM-GBG's user avatar
  • 722
4 votes

Has Protestantism relegated the scripture to be the 'Subordinate Standard'?

There is a particular problem with using the Westminster Confession of Faith (WCF) to either defend, or attack, doctrinal positions. It is that the Westminster Assembly (in the mid 1600s), and I quote:...
Anne's user avatar
  • 28.8k
3 votes

What was Samuel Rutherford's view on the role of pastors in wedding ceremonies?

I found five books in my possession that deal with Samuel Rutherford, either entirely, or in parts. Despite spending time searching for any reference Rutherford made to marriage, I could not get even ...
Anne's user avatar
  • 28.8k
3 votes
Accepted

Why do some adherents to the Westminster Standards sing hymns, rather than just psalms?

Adherents to this line of the Westminster Standards who nonetheless reject exclusive psalmody argue in three primary ways: The Westminster divines were divided on the issue The Confession does not ...
Nathaniel is protesting's user avatar
3 votes

Is Jonathan Edwards's view of "philosophical necessity" compatible with the Westminster Standards?

A refutation of Dr. Whitby's: Discourses on the 5 Points (1710). Calvinist/Arminian Debate: "Dr. Whitby asserts freedom, not only from coaction, but Necessity, to be essential to any thing ...
Abstraction is everything.'s user avatar
3 votes

How does the Westminster Confession address the paradox of the Bible canon?

Frankly, but only in my opinion, I think you may be over-complicating things a tad. To say there is an inherent paradox in Chapter I, Article IV of the Westminster Confession (hereafter, WC) is simply ...
rhetorician's user avatar
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3 votes
Accepted

Did the authors of the Westminster Confession of Faith ever explain why they thought God could not be the author of sin?

The Free Prebyterian online copy of the Westminster Confession quotes three verses in support of the statement : neither is God the author of sin,b Free Presbyterian Church Documents The first two ...
Nigel J's user avatar
  • 24.7k
3 votes

How are the bread and wine explained by those who forbid images of Jesus?

I believe the answer is self-explanatory in the first sentence of the answer to 109: "The sins forbidden in the second commandment are, all devising, counseling, commanding, using, and any wise ...
Brant Calkin's user avatar
2 votes

Do Arminian Protestants agree with Chapter 3 Article 1 of the Westminster Confession of Faith?

I have recently read material that gives a comparison between the Westminster Confession of Faith [WCF] on "God's Eternal Decree" and a later credal revision of the United Presbyterian ...
Anne's user avatar
  • 28.8k
2 votes
Accepted

What do Reformed Christians understand by God's foreordination?

The word ‘foreordained’ is usually a translation of a Greek word meaning “to know beforehand.” Speaking about the birth of Jesus, 'foreordained' is used in that sense in 1 Peter 1:20 (KJV): Who ...
Lesley's user avatar
  • 30.7k
2 votes

What is the biblical basis used by Reformed theologians to argue that all those dying in infancy are saved?

See John Piper's article: What happens to infants who die? All infants are sinners (Romans 5:12-21) "At least" Some infants are saved: John the Baptist (Luke 1:15), David (Psalm 22:9-10). Those not ...
Paul Chernoch's user avatar
2 votes
Accepted

According to the Westminster Confession, what is the Biblical basis for the belief that the guilt of Adam and Eve was imputed to all mankind?

The closest things we have to an "authoritative" commentary on the Westminster Confession are the two catechisms that were published alongside it.1 Both the Confession and those catechisms ...
Nathaniel is protesting's user avatar
2 votes

Has Protestantism relegated the scripture to be the 'Subordinate Standard'?

Circumstances where a Subordinate Standard takes precedence over Scripture. For some issues, in limited contexts, a Subordinate Standard is seen as more appropriate and authoritative, to the matter ...
davidlol's user avatar
  • 7,862
1 vote
Accepted

Why is the first question of the Westminster Shorter Catechism so different from the Westminster Confession opening statement?

To discover why the first question of the Westminster Shorter Catechism appears to be different to the first section of the Confession (‘Of The Holy Scriptures’), I read comments written by those ...
Lesley's user avatar
  • 30.7k
1 vote

How does the Westminster Confession address the paradox of the Bible canon?

The Westminster Confession, I.1, speaks first of the testimony about God in the works of his creation, but how that is not sufficient, in and of itself, to give men knowledge of God's will and his ...
Anne's user avatar
  • 28.8k
1 vote

What is the biblical basis used by Reformed theologians to argue that all those dying in infancy are saved?

In 2 Samuel 20:23, David and Bathsheba's first son together died, because of David's sin with Bathsheba and murder of her husband. David says v.23 " ... I will go to him one day, but he cannot ...
nickalh's user avatar
  • 474

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