13 votes

Why do the later versions of the Book of Mormon contain added phrases that seem to change the nature of Christ?

Why did Joseph Smith change those verses? For clarity. The December 1983 edition of the LDS-published Ensign magazine included the article Understanding Textual Changes in the Book of Mormon. The ...
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  • 876
11 votes

Is 1 John 5:7-8 (the Comma Johanneum) a Latin corruption?

The authenticity of the Johannine comma, found in 1 John 5:7, has been a subject of debate from the early sixteenth century. Wikipedia says the general consensus today is that the passage is a Latin ...
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9 votes

What are arguments for the divine inspiration of the longer ending of Mark (Mark 16:9-20)?

The following is quoted from this article at the Early Church History website which outlines the very early attestation of the longer ending of Mark: Irenaeus, Justin, Tatian and Hippolytus were very ...
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  • 10.4k
8 votes
Accepted

What are the major criticisms of the NIV?

I've seen three major categories of criticism for the NIV, but often people will combine two or three of them. 1. Text criticism: the NIV is based on critical texts The NIV is a translation of the ...
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  • 18.4k
8 votes

What evidence does the LDS Church offer regarding claims of degradation of Biblical texts?

As noted in the OP, this is a very extensive subject. I'll offer a very high-level overview of key points, and then drill down specifically on one example. Scriptural teachings The most well-known ...
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7 votes

Six-hundred-sixty-six or six-six-six or six-one-six

The Greek spells out each word: ἑξακόσιοι (six hundred) ἑξήκοντα (sixty) ἕξ (six). At the time the NT was written, place holders were unknown. It was simply not possible to write ἕξ ἕξ ἕξ (or to ...
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7 votes

How do apologists defend against Bart Ehrman's arguments that Church scribes corrected and changed the Bible to fit their theology?

I mean no offense, but as the comments following the question above attest, the OP’s real purpose is to find a refutation to a scholarly argument he hasn’t yet read and doesn’t fully understand or ...
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  • 558
7 votes

Did 17th century Reformed Christians reject textual criticism?

Chapter 1 Section VIII of the Westminster Confession states that it is both the Hebrew (O.T.) and the Greek (N.T.) texts in their original languages that the Westminster Divines said were “immediately ...
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  • 18.1k
6 votes

What is the Biblical basis for favoring the Majority Text?

Scriptures below are quoted from the King James Bible, which is based on the Textus Receptus. The main arguments I am aware of can be grouped into the following categories. Many witnesses It is a ...
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  • 359
6 votes
Accepted

Six-hundred-sixty-six or six-six-six or six-one-six

From the King James: Here is wisdom. Let him that hath understanding count the number of the beast: for it is the number of a man; and his number is Six hundred threescore and six. Six hundred ...
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6 votes
Accepted

How sound are the arguments that Melchizedek invoked a Canaanite deity when he met Abraham?

Perhaps, some may agree with this (theophany). However, another way of looking at this passage in Hebrews is that the author is discussing an order or priestly appointment (precedent) without lineal ...
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  • 76
5 votes
Accepted

How many New Testament Manuscripts do we have from the period between the first century and the fourth century?

How many early New Testament manuscripts do we have? You ask about the first four centuries, until about 400 AD. I am inclined to initially answer through 300 AD, because I believe that period is ...
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  • 1,946
5 votes

Did Jesus or any of the New Testament authors ever quote a textual variant?

First, I’d like to give a bit of background on the different OT manuscripts. The OT in English Bibles is almost always based off the Masoretic text and the Dead Sea Scrolls, but some use the ...
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  • 1,854
5 votes
Accepted

What order were the Pauline epistles written, according to evangelical critical scholarship?

Both "majority opinion" and "evangelical" (even with the guidelines you supplied) are slippery terms. They'll probably always be in a state of flux, so it's difficult to supply exactly what you've ...
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5 votes

What is the Biblical basis for favoring the Majority Text?

Wilbur Pickering effectively revived the scholarly debate on which text to use when he published The Identity of the New Testament Text in 1977. The third edition of his book on the subject can be ...
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  • 7,726
5 votes

Introduction to Greek Texts; Byzantine vs. Alexandrian

The above resources are indeed excellent surveys of the issues surrounding textual criticism of the bible. A couple of extra points are worth noting: (1) The question asks about the textual history of ...
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5 votes

How is it possible to have a high view of the authority of the Bible and a positive view of textual criticism?

Perhaps another way to answer the OP is to say that it is based on a false contrast. As an analogy, consider the following sentences: Jazz is the best kind of music and country is the best kind ...
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5 votes

ESV verse removed? Where are the explanations found?

The alteration, omission and addition of words in the Greek text is being highlighted by that site. They are comparing the Textus Receptus, the 'Received Text' (on which the KJV is based) to the ...
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  • 19.3k
4 votes
Accepted

How are emendations to the Masoretic Text viewed within the doctrine of inerrancy?

Inerrantists do not view the Masoretic text as inerrant in itself, but they consider it highly reliable. John Wenham, in Christ and the Bible (170ff.), outlines a variety of evidence for its faithful ...
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4 votes

How do apologists defend against Bart Ehrman's arguments that Church scribes corrected and changed the Bible to fit their theology?

This article directly addresses Ehrmann's claims: https://www.str.org/w/textual-variants-it-s-the-nature-not-the-number-that-matters The author categorizes the approximately 400,000 textual variations ...
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4 votes

How is it possible to have a high view of the authority of the Bible and a positive view of textual criticism?

To be honest, I'm not sure what leads you to ask the question. Almost all Christians and almost all Christian denominations/movements have a positive view of textual criticism. The facts are that ...
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  • 18.4k
4 votes
Accepted

Did 17th century Reformed Christians reject textual criticism?

Background We need to read the Westminster Confession of Faith document & Catechism in the proper historical context (1647), which is partly a reaction to the Roman Catholic Council of Trent ...
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4 votes
Accepted

How much of the text of the Gospel of John can be substantiated by early copies and quotes from early Church Fathers?

According to this data, 96.7% of the Gospel of John is quoted pre Nicea 325. It is the most complete quoted New Testament book and only less than 29 Verses are not quoted. The document also has a ...
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4 votes

What evidence does the LDS Church offer regarding claims of degradation of Biblical texts?

The Latter Day Saints Article of Faith No. 1:8 states that, “We believe the Bible to be the word of God as far as it is translated correctly; we also believe the Book of Mormon to be the word of God.” ...
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  • 18.1k
4 votes

What are arguments for the divine inspiration of the longer ending of Mark (Mark 16:9-20)?

A. It was quoted by early Church fathers. The versus in question were quoted by Irenaeus, Justin, Tatian and Hippolytus in the second century AD [1]. While manuscripts from these authors don't predate ...
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  • 2,655
3 votes

What are the major criticisms of the NIV?

The NIV translation was carried out and overseen by a self-governing Committee of fifteen members called 'The Committee on Bible Translation'. The document called 'The NIV Commitee on Bible ...
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  • 19.3k
3 votes

What Greek manuscripts were used for the KJV NT other than the Novum Instrumentum omne?

The King James Version is a variety of the Textus Receptus. The translators who produced the King James Version relied mainly on the later editions of Beza's Greek New Testament, especially his 4th ...
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  • 19.3k
3 votes

Doctrine of biblical inerrancy and Pope Benedict XVI questioning the historicity of passage in the Gospel of Matthew?

Scripture is inerrant. Man is not. The Bible needs to be interpreted. Even a translation is an interpretation, because the translator needs to decide what a passage means in order to put it into ...
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  • 13.6k
3 votes

Why do some Bible Translations omit John 7:53-8:11?

The simple answer is that there are some older manuscripts that lack the reading. If credence is placed in the older manuscript, then the reading is left out. The assumption is that the older ...
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