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Biblical References to Gold, Frankincense and Myrrh: Gold is a highly valued commodity – not just for its beauty and use in jewellery and decorations, but also for its status. The Bible describes the wealth of King Solomon and how the Queen of Sheba gave Solomon 120 talents of gold (about 4 tons). Solomon also received 666 talents of gold every year – that’...


18

It is a sculpture created by Publius Cincius Salvius. It was a former Roman fountain; Fontana Della Pigna. It predates the Vatican owning the land. Mathematics Magazine The colossal bronze pine cone was cast in the 1st or 2nd century by Publius Cincius Salvius who left his name on the base. This was way before the Catholic Church was given the ...


16

The "double" cross is known as a Patriarchal cross and is well described in the Wikipedia article. There's no point in reproducing more than a sample here: The Patriarchal cross is a variant of the Christian cross, the religious symbol of Christianity. Similar to the familiar Latin cross, the Patriarchal cross possesses a smaller crossbar placed ...


12

It's one of many shorthand names for "Jesus" https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christogram In the Latin-speaking Christianity of medieval Western Europe (and so among Catholics and many Protestants today), the most common Christogram became "IHS" or "IHC", denoting the first three letters of the Greek name of Jesus, ΙΗΣΟΥΣ, iota-...


11

The Catholic Encyclopedia says: The cross was originally traced by Christians with the thumb or finger on their own foreheads. This practice is attested by numberless allusions in Patristic literature. It's unclear when it began, but it's true there are "numberless allusions" indicating it was an early and widespread tradition. For example, ...


11

This connection was made by fathers as early as Irenaeus (d. 202). Here's a table showing the views of several fathers whose writings we have on this subject: Lion Ox Man Eagle Irenaeus (d. 202) John Luke Matthew Mark Victorinus (d. 303) Mark Luke Matthew John Jerome (d. ...


11

The Overall Significance of Goats in the Bible Goats in the Bible generally have a good significance. They were among the clean animals that could be eaten (see Leviticus 11; Deuteronomy 14:3-21), and they were commonly used in sacrifices (see, for example, Leviticus 1:1-2, 10). Goat's hair was spun to make cloth for use in the Tabernacle (see Exodus 35:4-...


10

I believe these are symbols of martyred apostles. Key: Peter Sword: Paul Axe: Possibly Matthew Trident: Thomas Jacob Prahlow has collected some research. Although an upside-down cross is associated with Peter, he was given the keys of the kingdom (Cf. Matthew 16:19) and the key is a very common symbol. Paul, a Roman citizen, was executed by ...


10

There seems to be two views on what the letters "RNIO" mean in the Carlos Crivelli painting. I only have one reference for the answer: Dr. Liliana Leopardi, an expert in Italian Renaissance art, Assistant Professor of Art and Art History at Chapman University, who was gracious enough to share her knowledge with me through personal correspondence. Scholars ...


9

The first chapter of John Stott's The Cross of Christ provides a history of the development of the use of the symbol of the cross in Christianity. I'll briefly summarize it here. Pre-cross images The earliest images used by Christians did not include the cross. Persecution required that they be circumspect, which meant that an image clearly associated with ...


9

Purple in the Roman Empire was associated with triumph, and came to be associated with the Emperors specifically. Along with the crown of thorns, the purple robe was a mocking symbol of Jesus' royalty.


8

Not being familiar with the term "meridian of time" I clicked on your hyperlink and read the definition given there. While there are many terms Christians use today which are not in the Bible, including "the meridian of time," I can only suggest there is a term in the Bible which tells us why Jesus came when He did. It comes from Galatians: ὅτε δὲ ἦλθεν ...


8

The Sun and the Moon do definitely represent his father and mother: Genesis 37:10 NKJV So he told it to his father and his brothers; and his father rebuked him and said to him, "What is this dream that you have dreamed? Shall your mother and I and your brothers indeed come to bow down to the earth before you?" The bowing down does not refer to the ...


8

The Jehovahs Witness teaching of the symbol of the cross was changed about the 1930's by Joseph Rutherford. Prior to this they accepted the cross that is widely accepted in Christendom today. So the magazine would still have a cross on it as it's publication was prior to this time Facts about Jehovahs Witnesses As far as the symbolism on the magazine is ...


7

I have no problem discussing this, because the promises made in a temple to not reveal certain things do not involve the Garment. The language used in the Temple to explain the marks is this: [The mark of the square] is placed in the garment over the right breast, suggesting to the mind exactness and honor in keeping the covenants entered into this day. [...


7

I will represent the Roman Catholic position on the verse. Historically, St. Thomas Aquinas noted that this verse provided an example of Jesus' healing of sin. He cites St. Augustine for the interpretation that the blind man represents the human race. Sin is the spiritual blindness. When Jesus heals the blind man and allows him to see the light, he ...


7

Why is the Ichthys symbol almost always facing left? No theological or symbolic reason seems to available as an answer. But I suspect that it may have to do something with the simple direction of which people are accustomed to write. When text is added to the symbol, for example 'Jesus' or 'ΙΧΘΥΣ', aesthetically it looks better to have the first letter ...


6

James answers admirably about the origin of the flag and the meaning behind its symbols. I just want to add a note about its purpose. That is, why have a Christian flag at all? Background: Flags in the Bible The entry for banner in Easton's Bible Dictionary mentions these uses of flags/banners in the Bible, as cited on this Catholic site in support of the ...


6

Lucas Cranach the Elder (c.1472 – 16 October 1553), a German Renaissance painter and printmaker in woodcut and , made the following woodcut in 1523.It depicts Satan as half serpent and half woman! Adam and Eve, Woodcut by Lucas Cranach, the Elder, 1523.


5

Jesus is making several points here. We will be helped in understanding these points by unpacking them one by one. Imagery: Wolves prey on sheep. They are fierce, and from a human perspective, pitiless. In observing a wolf attack a sheep, we quite naturally feel sorry for the innocent prey being devoured by the predator. Wolves "gang up" on their prey; ...


5

The first official stage of the religious life is the noviciate. Novices are not admitted to vows until they have successfully completed the prescribed period of training and proving, called the novitiate. This usually lasts one year. This is the period that the member of a religious community undergoes prior to taking vows (poverty, chastity and obedience) ...


5

I mirror Matt's sentiments in that I won't be discussing any specific symbols or rituals that are administered in the temple; they are quite sacred to me, and excessive public discussion on their nature cheapens them in my opinion. I don't mean to offend you if this is an honest inquiry, it's just how I feel on the matter. However, I can speak somewhat on ...


5

The color white is primarily symbolic of the pure state of the baby's/adult's soul along with the renewal of life after being cleansed of original sin by the Holy Spirit. But as with all symbolism, there are many more things associated with the color (according to Wikipedia): According to surveys in Europe and the United States, white is the color most ...


5

The symbol is a coat of arms, probably from Catholicism, Anglicanism, or perhaps, but less likely, Orthodoxy. The mitre indicates that it was used by a Bishop, but not a Pope, as a Pope's coat of arms would include keys. The coat of arms of the British Bishop, Thomas Burns contains similarities: the mitre on the top, the two devices from the mitre down the ...


5

As far as I can tell, the Bible mentions bells only in Exodus (chapters 28 and 39), where they formed part of the decoration of the robes of the Priests, and in Zechariah (chapter 14), where in the last verse it proclaims that the bells on horses will be engraved with "Holy is the Lord". Bell sounds can travel quite a long distance, so that the sounds you ...


5

The first time Nero is directly interpreted as 666 or 616 was in 1831. The riddle seems to have been forgotten almost as soon as it was written and not solved until 1831 (when it first was proposed), seemingly because the number was assumed to be Greek or Latin—and not a Hebraic one. http://penelope.uchicago.edu/~grout/encyclopaedia_romana/gladiators/...


5

I think there is more to the gifts than the symbolism of gold, frankincense, and myrrh. Particularly within the Bible. Recently I was preaching on Isaiah 60, and verse 6 struck me: Herds of camels will cover your land, young camels of Midian and Ephah. And all from Sheba will come, bearing gold and incense and proclaiming the praise of the Lord. This ...


4

Here is an answer based on the theology of Emanuel Swedenborg (1688-1772) and the denominations that follow his theology. The three gifts of gold, frankincense, and myrrh were valuable items monetarily, and were thus fine and expensive gifts. But more than that, they had a ritual significance in the ancient world. Gold has always been an enduring symbol of ...


4

Long before the cross was the staple of Christianity, Heraldic symbolism was used to help identify units on the battlefield. The two places in which the symbol of the cross featured most prominently were in divisions and in Ordinaries (the primary symbols on the emblem). From the Wikipedia article on Heraldry in relation to Ordinaries,: In the early days ...


4

The way it was explained to me once is that it was a literal interpretation of Christ's commission to take up the cross and follow him. "Then said Jesus unto his disciples, If any man will come after me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross, and follow me." (Matt 16:24; see also Mark 8:34; Luke 9:23; Matt 10:21;) The Encyclopedia Britannica ...


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