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26 votes
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Which tribe did Paul belong to?

The term "Jew" is an Anglicization of "Judean" which comes from the Greek Ἰουδαῖος (Ioudaios). Technically, it can simply be a regional distinction, that is someone who is from Judea. But it can of ...
Joshua's user avatar
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13 votes
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Does Romans 1:18-25 pose a challenge to Christians who believe in the Theory of Evolution?

Paul is indeed making a teleological argument here, but it functions somewhat differently from modern watch-maker arguments. Paul is writing at a time when nearly everyone believed in some ...
Hold To The Rod's user avatar
11 votes

Which tribe did Paul belong to?

By the time of the New Testament "Jew" and "Israelite" had effectively become synonyms. This is because the large majority of people who returned from the Exile were from the former Kingdom of Judah. ...
curiousdannii's user avatar
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10 votes

How is God's judgement of man fair when he judges them without considering their deeds?

Comparing the representative democracy of America with the kingdom of God is an unparalleled category error. The entire reason American jurisprudence holds a person innocent until proven guilty is ...
Mike Borden's user avatar
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9 votes
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How are Romans 1:19-20 and Psalm 139:7-10 reconciled with the growing prevalence of the argument from divine hiddenness among atheists?

If the existence and presence of God are unmistakably and undeniably evident, how do we explain the traction and impact that the argument from divine hiddenness seems to be gaining among atheists? ...
Matthew's user avatar
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8 votes

According to the LDS faith, if our spirits lived with God before this life, why is spiritual birth during life on earth required?

You seem to have a misunderstanding of what death is. Death is separation, not ceasing to exist. Spiritual birth is required because of spiritual death. spiritual death- separation from God (the ...
depperm's user avatar
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7 votes

Romans 9:14 to 9:24 and free will

Do all Christians believe in predestination? No. Do all Christians believe in free-will? No. Does the Bible teach predestination? Yes Does the Bible teach Free-Will? Yes Romans informs us ...
Lionsden's user avatar
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7 votes

Can the forensic justication doctrine be characterized as false justification contrary to fact and truth?

In other words, a person is declared righteous despite being a sinner, and remain an ungodly sinner, but God overlooks justice for him and let him go. Is it acceptable if we characterize this as a ...
curiousdannii's user avatar
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7 votes

Does the “until now” in Romans 8:22 mean that the creation's groans have ended?

There is no difference in meaning whatsoever between the two translations of that verse: "the present time" means exactly the same as "until now". The verse following shows that ...
Anne's user avatar
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7 votes

Does Romans 1:18-25 pose a challenge to Christians who believe in the Theory of Evolution?

Genesis 1 is a much more serious challenge to evolution, so why worry about this? But really, this passage is all about idolatry, not evolution. This is far more evident in a modern English paraphrase,...
Ray Butterworth's user avatar
6 votes
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In Romans 16:7, are Andronicus and Junia apostles? AND... is Junia a woman? How did the Church Fathers interpret this?

I'll deal with Junia's gender first. Although the Greek manuscripts are ambiguous as to her gender, Wikipedia says "the consensus among some modern New Testament scholars is that Junia was a woman" ...
Dick Harfield's user avatar
6 votes

According to the LDS faith, if our spirits lived with God before this life, why is spiritual birth during life on earth required?

I think a distinction is required between being a child of God (the Father) and being adopted as a child of Christ (the Son). According to LDS doctrine, all people are spirit children of God, our ...
Samuel Bradshaw's user avatar
6 votes
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What is the biblical basis for believing that some sense of Deity exists in humans?

In the Catholic ‘Encyclopedia of Theoloy’ edited by Karl Rhaner, there is a three-and-a-half page article under ‘God’ called ‘II. Knowability of God’ written by Eberhard Simons. He cites three ...
Anne's user avatar
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6 votes
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Does Romans 8:1 Cast Doubt On Purgatory?

In Catholic belief, purgatory is not condemnation: It is a place of penance and purification (note the Latin root in common with "purging", "purgare", meaning to purify), in ...
sharur's user avatar
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5 votes

How do those who believe that Jesus is a created being understand the verses which say everything that was created was created by him?

Warning: These are not my own beliefs, but I also don’t believe in straw-manning so this is only my best attempt to describe in their strongest form, what I might believe if were an Arian. I think ...
ninthamigo's user avatar
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5 votes

Does Romans 1:18-25 pose a challenge to Christians who believe in the Theory of Evolution?

If we zoom in: Romans 1:18-24 aims to emphasize the invisible attributes of God as the creator. But if we also zoom out and consider the context of the chapter, it is about how human perspectives on ...
JWsa's user avatar
  • 589
5 votes

Why was circumcision physical?

The physical removal of a piece of flesh is a ritual that has symbolic meaning. It was instituted in Abraham after, and the timing is important, after the birth of his son Ishmael who was not to be ...
Nigel J's user avatar
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4 votes

Was Jesus in unity with the Holy Spirit?

Jesus said to a Samaritan women: Our fathers worshipped in this mountain; and ye say, that in Jerusalem is the place where men ought to worship. Jesus saith unto her, Woman, believe me, the hour ...
enegue's user avatar
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4 votes
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In the tradition of Jehovah's Witnesses, does Romans 6:23 mean that all people who are resurrected have their sins blotted out?

The answer to this question lies in understanding judgement day from the Jehovah's Witnesses point of view. We do not believe persons are resurrected and judged worthy of eternal life or eternal ...
Kris's user avatar
  • 6,815
4 votes

Does a literal reading of Romans 4:25 conflict with Reformed theology?

Horatius Bonar (1872) explains the ambiguity in the verse and gives the Reformed explanation: The manifold blessings flowing from resurrection and ascension are not to be over-looked; but nowhere ...
user5197's user avatar
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4 votes
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Does faith cometh by hearing only as alluded to in Romans 10:17?

There are two primary groups. One hears the gospel, builds faith on it and understand. He is like the good soil. Matthew 13:23 he that received seed into the good ground is he that heareth the ...
Beestocks's user avatar
  • 3,276
4 votes
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How do Arminians interpret God's reserving of a remnant in Romans 11:4?

You've mentioned one of the big points of disagreement between Arminians and Calvinists regarding the interpretation of Romans 9–11 – are nations or individuals in view? Romans 9:6–24 is a crucial ...
Nathaniel is protesting's user avatar
4 votes

How do Jehovah's Witnesses explain Paul's apparent equating of Yahweh and Jesus in Romans 10?

The explanation of any group or individual regarding which 'Lord' (or Lords) Romans chapter 10 deals with depends upon their theology, as Ben Mordecai has actually pointed out. Any group or individual ...
Anne's user avatar
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4 votes
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How can Paul having been alive apart from the Law reconcile with the doctrine of original sin?

For I was alive without the law once; but when the commandment came, sin revived, and I died. Paul means that Before he heard the law he thought he was OK, fine, alive. But when he heard the law ...
Andrew Shanks's user avatar
4 votes

How is God's judgement of man fair when he judges them without considering their deeds?

I write from a reformed, Calvinist point of view which includes three things: I believe in the complete sovereignty of God in all things, he does whatever he pleases in heaven and on earth (Isaiah 46:...
Andrew Shanks's user avatar
4 votes

According to Protestant interpretations, is Romans 3:5-6 a text relating to Theodicy or something else?

A dictionary definition of theodicy is: "Vindication of divine providence in view of existence of evil" (The Concise Oxford Dictionary, 1976 edition). You ask if Romans 3:5-6 relates to ...
Anne's user avatar
  • 31.3k
4 votes
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What does St Paul mean by saying "wages credited as a matter of obligation "?

The Rheims translation is clearer (Rom. 4:3-5): For what saith the scripture? Abraham believed God, and it was reputed to him unto justice. Now to him that worketh, the reward is not reckoned ...
Geremia's user avatar
  • 39.9k
4 votes

Did Paul change his teaching regarding Jesus? Rom 9:5

No, we do not think that the Apostle Paul changed his mind about Jesus following his Damascus road conversion. Obviously, that was a big changing point. YLT, KJV, and most other "good" ...
Mike Borden's user avatar
  • 17.9k
4 votes

Why was circumcision physical?

Good Question This can be confusing, and so it needs clarification. It is true that both children of Abraham were to be circumcised, and they were, as are all descendants of Abraham. And this was a ...
ray grant's user avatar
  • 2,414
4 votes

Justification by faith in light of Romans 14

Your quote from Romans 14:23 But whoever has doubts is condemned if they eat, because their eating is not from faith; and everything that does not come from faith is sin. refers to people's actions ...
Mama Bear to 4's user avatar

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