9

I can understand your question. I may not agree with John Piper all the time, but when I would like a 21st century Reformed position on an issue or a Bible verse interpretation, especially when there are multiple viewpoints even within the Reformed camp (as you know, there are variants such as Hyper-Calvinism, Neo-Calvinism, Christian Reconstructionism, etc....


5

Christianity has long been debating the relationship between God's will and human wills in our salvation, probably all the way back to the very early church. The debate between Reformed and Arminian Protestants is only one part of this broader debate. Augustine vs the Pelagians Pelagianism is a position, now considered heretical by all major Christian groups,...


5

Summary Johannes Bogerman, president of the Synod of Dort, wrote the first draft, which was then amended by the Drafting Committee consisting of 9 members: Johannes Bogerman: President Hermannus Faukelius and Jacobus Rolandus: Assessors Dutch theologians Johannes Polyander, Antonius Walaeus, and Jacobus Trigland Bishop George Carleton: British ...


4

Firstly, penance was rejected at the time of the reformation because the doctrine was based on a mistranslation of the Greek word metanoia - "repentance". The Latin Vulgate had, poenitenitam agite - "doing acts of penance". Martin Luther was the one who originally made this discovery. Secondly, although James 5:16 says "confess your ...


3

Ten times, the expression 'righteousness of God' is used in the New Testament scriptures. Never once is the collocation 'righteousness of Christ' ever found. The idea of 'active and passive obedience' was introduced by Dr Owen into the Savoy Declaration in 1658. It is not present in the Westminster Confession of 1647. Luther never mentions it, nor Calvin. It ...


3

Whenever the word ‘position’ is used with regard to how the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit relate to each other, people are inclined to think of “High, higher, highest”. This can be misleading for all three equally have the one nature of Deity. But the three relate to each other in particular ways, as they have functions and roles within the one Being ...


3

The Question: Why don't Reformed Christians consider it necessary to confess to a priest? I grew up in a Reformed Church which adhered closely to the teachings of John Calvin so I have some insights. The answer is that Reformed Christians do not see a need for an intermediary at all between themselves and Jesus. This would apply to confession of sins, but ...


3

John Calvin had been dead 50 years before the Synod of Dort produced a refutation of the 5 Points of Arminianism presented to them in 1618. So, whatever quotes of Calvin are used, bear in mind that he wrote them long before the 5 Points of Calvinism were formulated. It follows, then, that Calvin’s expressed views on blasphemy of the Holy Spirit can be ...


3

Jesus makes it quite clear that blasphemy is a matter of speech. 'He that speaketh ...' is how Jesus, himself, defines the unforgivable sin of which he warns. And whosoever speaketh a word against the Son of man, it shall be forgiven him: but whosoever speaketh against the Holy Ghost, it shall not be forgiven him, neither in this world, neither in the world ...


3

The word "cheirographon" (χειρόγραφον) appears only once in the Bible. A literal translation is "handwriting", but that's not necessarily what it means in practical usage. (cf. "chairman" or "pineapple" or even "carpet" in English). Its meaning must be understood from other sources. The Outline of Biblical ...


3

Did John Calvin say “the worst of plagues is human reason”? Although I drew a blank on John Calvin, I pursued the matter by searching through quotes attributed to Martin Luther. There were 950 of them, but many were repeated or were variations with only slight differences. https://www.azquotes.com/author/9142-Martin_Luther Allow me to share with you two ...


3

A common way of describing the Calvinist "doctrines of grace" is to use the mnemonic TULIP which stand for Total depravity, Unconditional election, Limited atonement, Irresistible grace, and Perseverence of the saints. Particular election is synonymous not with Unconditional election but rather with Limited atonement: in his death Christ was dying ...


3

In my experience, though it would be difficult to quantify the matter, most 'Calvinists' would repair to the Authorised Version (KJV) to respond to this question, therefore : The Lord is not slack concerning his promise, as some men count slackness; but is longsuffering to us-ward, not willing that any should perish, but that all should come to repentance. [...


2

Gender, the image of God, and biology People who say that "I am born gay" are implicitly saying that their gender is rooted within their most fundamental constitution of being a person, namely at the level of what Christians call being made in the "image of God". Since at this level it is correct to say that they cannot change who they ...


2

It is true that Jesus tells his disciples that they are branches in him, the vine. However, he nowhere says that all the branches in the vine are his disciples. He nowhere says that any disciples “will be taken away and burned.” Then who are the branches that will be taken away? Why are they removed? They don’t bear fruit. Why don’t they bear fruit? ...


2

Since the time of the Reformation, the Protestant view was that the papacy was the beast of Revelation. John Wesley declared that “This beast is the Romish Papacy, as it came to a point six hundred years since, stands now, and will for some time longer.” The only Protestant view I could find on the image of the beast that comes out of the earth is from a ...


2

The disagreement between Calvinists and Arminians are over the precise nature of predestination and election. The traditional Arminian position can be seen in the Five Articles of Remonstrance. The key difference between an Arminian and Calvinist position is that of free will: Arminians believe that human beings are born with free will, and can therefore ...


2

This article by John Piper (a Reformed pastor) has useful things to say about this question: https://www.desiringgod.org/interviews/isnt-unlimited-atonement-more-glorious-than-limited-atonement He says that Calvinists are not the only ones who believe in a Limited Atonement. The question is what is limited? Atonement Defined: "The atonement is the work ...


2

Calvinism did not exist before the 16th century. In the context of the Reformation, Huldrych Zwingli began the Reformed tradition in 1519 in the city of Zürich. His followers were instantly labeled Zwinglians, consistent with the Catholic practice of naming heresy after its founder. Very soon, Zwingli was joined by Martin Bucer, Wolfgang Capito, William ...


2

Here is information from a Baptist source: Charles Haddon Spurgeon, Sermon no. 2605 preached on 14 October 1883, entitled: Death and its Sentence Abolished: “And you, being dead in your sins and the uncircumcision of your flesh, hath he quickened together with him, having forgiven you all trespasses; blotting out the handwriting of ordinances that was ...


2

The problem here is misunderstanding what the grace of God is. I will not go into any Pentecostal/Charismatic views of that but confine myself to what may fairly be viewed as representing, or agreeing with Reformed theology regarding grace: “This Life [of Christ] has to be received and then lived out. Once we get up-and-running and begin to mature in this ...


2

The word ‘foreordained’ is usually a translation of a Greek word meaning “to know beforehand.” Speaking about the birth of Jesus, 'foreordained' is used in that sense in 1 Peter 1:20 (KJV): Who verily was foreordained before the foundation of the world, but was manifest in these last times for you. The meaning of ‘foreordained’ becomes clearer in Ephesians ...


2

Men teaching heresies were the subject of the admonition to expel them if they did not heed two warnings. The expulsion/rejection would not be about minor issues. Those are addressed in the need to avoid foolish questions, genealogies, strivings about the law – they are contentious issues, yes, but heresy is the matter in question. Paul wrote, “Accept him ...


2

My favorite personal conceptualization: God gives us free will. Although it's too weak to fully effect faith in Christ, God still foresees this little movement. In this way, all who are serious enough to believe Christ (cf. Mark 9:24: "I believe, help my unbelief") will become the elect. God then moves back in time, makes me one of the elect, ...


2

You used the phrase, "God's provision of repentance leading to salvation". God's provisions are seen throughout all of creation to be supplied in order for good appetites to be satisfied. Do we feel hungry? God has provided an abundance of food so that we do not die. Do we feel thirsty? God has provided an abundance of drink so that we do not die. ...


2

PROLEGOMENA "Proof-texting" can be a way to bypass a thorough-going hermeneutic. I emphasize the words can be, because in Christians' witness to the world, there is nothing inherently wrong with quoting a verse "out of context" when the situation warrants it. Verses like John 3:16, among others, is a great verse to quote to a seeker, and ...


2

The usual go to verse for what is the essential doctrine that a person must believe is something like John 3:16, 1 John 5:1, or Rom 10:9: 9 If you declare with your mouth, “Jesus is Lord,” and believe in your heart that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved. 10 For it is with your heart that you believe and are justified, and it is with your mouth ...


1

God's revelation of himself through creation has been clear [...] The truth that Paul says is being suppressed is Genesis 1:1: "In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth." (Source) The heavens declare the glory of God, and the sky above proclaims his handiwork. (Psalm 19:1, ESV) To understand what is revealed, we must first ...


1

What does Paul mean by “divine nature”, as revealed through creation? For since the creation of the world God’s invisible qualities—his eternal power and divine nature—have been clearly seen, being understood from what has been made, so that people are without excuse. - Romans 1:20 But what does Romans 1:20 mean? According to the previous verses, those ...


1

Disclaimer: I am not a pastor or trained theologian. (Other disclaimer: Since your question asked about a Protestant perspective, this answer is written from that perspective with respect to various claims made. Feel free to mentally sprinkle "according to Protestants" in front of everything.) That said... your main question appears to be about ...


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