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Anne's answer covered the reason WHY the Holy Spirit is full Deity in accordance with the Trinitarian doctrine, thus showing that the Holy Spirit is worthy of worship, which the true Reformed tradition should hold. To address your related question about praying to the Holy Spirit, I'll focus on the common practice (from the Reformed perspective) of how ...


7

Reformed theology maintains the full deity and personality of the Holy Spirit, so that there is no inferiority attached to the Holy Spirit that would result in the kind of subordination that the ‘Reformed House Church’ you mention makes in its statement of faith. What they claim seems to be but one step removed from ancient movements such as the ...


6

It is true that the Jews ultimately did not accept the apocryphal books you listed in their canon, in a gradual process over several centuries at least spanning 1st century BC and 1st century AD. There was no definitive answer, but a lot of pointers showing the development, shown in the BIBLE CANON article of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia. Especially after ...


6

Just because a person is a long time church member does not mean they belong to Christ Jesus or that they have put their faith and trust in Him. There are many people who say they are Christians but who have never experienced the new birth. Forgetting about Calvin for one moment, born-again Christians look to Christ Jesus and believe in this promise in ...


6

Within that sentence are two statements. The first is that the Father (who is the vine-dresser) will take away the branch that does not bear fruit. The second is that the Father will prune the branch that does bear fruit so that it may bear more fruit. If this parable was the only place in the New Testament to address the issue of eternal security, then ...


5

R. C. Sproul in his book What is Reformed Theology? says that most of the conventional labels in the TULIP rubric are poorly named, including "Irresistible Grace". He prefers the label The Spirit's Effective Call, which matches the Westminster Confession's 10th chapter. So before I get to Acts 7 and the resistible graces, I'll quickly outline what the ...


5

The whole vine analogy loses a lot when separated by centuries of non-agricultural life. This is not primarily a scientific description of salvation but a spiritual description of the kingdom of heaven. A vine has branches that bud and bear not just leaves but fruit also and it has other branches that bear leaves only. These are colloquially called '...


5

Calvin has this to say about Hebrews 5:9, using the word 'sanctified' for 'perfect' : Sanctified suits the passage better than "made perfect." The Greek word teleiotheis means both; but as he speaks here of the priesthood, he fitly and suitably mentions sanctification. And so Christ himself speaks in another place, "For their sakes I sanctify myself." (...


5

Chapter 1 Section VIII of the Westminster Confession states that it is both the Hebrew (O.T.) and the Greek (N.T.) texts in their original languages that the Westminster Divines said were “immediately inspired of God”, being authentic and “kept pure in all ages by God’s singular care and providence.” Christians were to translate them “into the vulgar ...


4

John Piper comments on the passage here: https://www.desiringgod.org/messages/do-not-harden-your-heart-in-the-day-of-trouble He contends that the "if" clause means something other than what you might think at first. Instead of holding your assurance (persevering in faith) until the end to become a partaker in Christ, you prove that you already are a ...


4

It is a fact, which is experienced and observed, that the unbelief of some does not exclude them from salvation, but their unbelief is overcome and they are saved from it : Afterward he appeared unto the eleven as they sat at meat, and upbraided them with their unbelief and hardness of heart. [Mark 16:14, KJV.] It is a fact, which is experienced and ...


4

Most Reformed/Calvinist churches are Amillennial.1 For Amillennials the "millennium" is a symbol for the entire church age, and there is no single time which we could call the "Great Tribulation". Instead there will be times of tribulation throughout this age. The second coming of Jesus is not seen as a complex multi-part event like the pre- and mid-...


4

The 1657 Westminster Confession of Faith, which the Reformed Tradition subscribes to, indeed explicitly understand some angels as elect. Quote from Chapter III (Of God's Eternal Decree) points 3 and 4: III. By the decree of God, for the manifestation of His glory, some men and angelsf are predestinated unto everlasting life, and others fore-ordained to ...


4

Background We need to read the Westminster Confession of Faith document & Catechism in the proper historical context (1647), which is partly a reaction to the Roman Catholic Council of Trent Decrees (1564) & Catechism (1566), where each side (Protestants and Catholics) claimed authority to teach the faith for their respective adherents, including ...


3

A few verses come to mind: Some are “objects of his wrath - prepared for destruction” (Rom 9:22) God “hardens whom he wants” (Rom 9:18) No one comes to Christ “unless the Father … draws them” (John 6:44) This contrasts with God “wants all people to be saved” (1 Tim 2:4) God gave his son, so that “whoever believes” will not perish (John ...


3

I have found two places where Sproul deals with this subject. The first is in Essential Truths of the Christian Faith, v2, where he expresses concern about the risks of "wrong images": I can't say for sure that to depict the human nature of Jesus is a violation of the second commandment. But I'm not sure this is wise because it could communicate an ...


3

Since virtually it's formation as a school of thought, Calvinism has disagreed about the logical order of God's divine decrees. Generally there have been two schools with the minority (5% according to wikipedia) espousing the pre-lapsarian (lit. pre-fall) view that God elects to save and condemn prior to even create or allow sin. The majority view is the ...


3

The name “Presbyterian” applies to a diverse group of churches that adhere in some degree to the teachings of John Calvin and John Knox and are led by representative elders (presbyters) of their congregations. Here is a brief overview of the history of the Scottish Presbyterian Church: The Presbyterian Church was first organized in Scotland under the ...


3

The Free Prebyterian online copy of the Westminster Confession quotes three verses in support of the statement : neither is God the author of sin,b Free Presbyterian Church Documents The first two are from James : Let no man say when he is tempted, I am tempted of God: for God cannot be tempted with evil, neither tempteth he any man: James 1:...


3

Just the idea of remaining should clarify that a person can be once there on the vine but be pruned off, because they themselves rejected what they formerly had and didn't produce fruit. Matthew 7:22-23 seems to say clearly that even people who call Jesus Lord Lord, and who cast out demons in his name and do miracles in his name are not recognized as ...


3

John Calvin makes a comparison between this verse and Romans 9:11, asserting that the same principal was being described. Thus restricting the scope of application to just the Ephesian church is not warranted. From Calvin's Commentaries for Ephesians 1: According as he hath chosen us. The foundation and first cause, both of our calling and of all the ...


3

From the limited quote and from the assumption that the article's author is Reformed, probably the author was emphasizing the election part. I found the magazine's website but Vol 15 Issue 2 is not online yet and even if it is, access is to subscribers only. In Reformed ordo salutis (see also comparison of schemes in wikipedia article) Election comes first,...


3

Richard Ostella, pastor of Westminster Reformed Church and adjunct professor at Michigan Theological Seminary, wrote a series of articles The Excellence of Christian Love on 1 Cor 12:31-13:13. The last article, 14. Heaven: A World of Love with Faith and Hope (1 Cor. 13:13), has quotes from well-published and respected Reformed scholar D.A. Carson who wrote ...


2

Dr. Leighton Flowers (a former 5-Point Calvinist) speaks about this often. Check out his writings and podcasts if you're interested in more information or to hear from former Calvinists. He and his guests often speak about pre/post views on Romans 9, Ephesians 1, and John 6. I've included an example of his prior/post interpretations of Matthew 22:1-14. ...


2

The Living Stream Ministry (publisher of Watchman Nee and Witness Lee) web site is copyright protected and does not contain sufficient information to establish whether they agree or disagree with reformed theology. They appear to uphold an orthodox view of the Trinity and the forgiveness of sins through faith in Christ. Source: https://www.lsm.org/lsm-...


2

From ‘The Five Points of Calvinism Defined Defended Documented’ by David N. Steele and Curtis C. Thomas, Presbyterian & Reformed Publishing, 1963, Part 1, section V: The One Point Which the “Five Points” of Calvinism are Concerned to Establish: Here is a brief extract (on page 23) from a quote by J.I. Packer: ... the very act of setting out ...


2

It's a problem of translating sarx into English. This article discusses precisely what you are inquiring, arguing why sarx doesn’t ever mean “sinful nature”. Another excellent resource is this book excerpt on "Sin in the theology of Paul" by Tom Holland, author of Romans: The Divine Marriage. It contains a wonderful analysis of the meaning of sarx in the ...


2

No one ever deserves to be in Heaven. Everyone that goes to Heaven deserves to be in Hell... always. Only Jesus deserves to be in Heaven. The rest of us get there by God's free grace, through faith in Jesus, and through Him dying for our sins. God has not changed his mind on these things. Total Depravity relates to the individual. It means that a person'...


2

In the 1689 Baptist Confession of Faith, a historic Calvinistic faith confession that is a revision of the Westminster confession and used as a confession of faith by many reformed calvinist church today, state in Chapter 3 (Of God's Decree), Paragraph 5: Those of mankind that are predestinated to life, God, before the foundation of the world was laid, ...


2

The traditional Calvinistic understanding of the relationship between God's knowledge and God's decree relies on an important distinction, which I'll briefly explain, then present to you how Historically Reformed Confessions articulate the relationship. When we are talking about "time" before creation, we must understand that "time" in any traditional ...


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