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Who are these people in this Catholic Reformation meme that are considered more influential than Martin Luther?

Who are these people in this Catholic Reformation meme that are considered more influential than Martin Luther? They are as follows: Giovanni Bernini St. Ignatius of Loyola St. Francis De Sales St. ...
Ken Graham's user avatar
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21 votes
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How do Protestants answer the Catholic accusation of historicity?

Protestant reformers were at pains to argue that all they sought to do was restore the church to purity which had become corrupted in medieval times. They wanted to ensure that their teachings were ...
Phill Sacre's user avatar
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16 votes
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Did Martin Luther ever admit that his approval of Philip's bigamy was wrong?

Luther did not recant. From: John Alfred Faulkner, "Luther and the Bigamous Marriage of Philip of Hesse, The American Journal of Theology Vol. 17, No. 2 (Apr., 1913), pp. 206-231 (on pp. 228-9) - ...
bradimus's user avatar
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10 votes

What was first, sola scriptura or sola fide?

This is a complex topic, for at least two reasons: 1) there was a wide diversity of thought in the pre-Reformation and Reformation periods, and 2) today's definitions of sola scriptura and sola fide ...
Nathaniel is protesting's user avatar
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Do Reformed theologians understand the Catholic Church and the Papacy to have been true heirs of Peter until the Reformation?

It is clear from John Knox's words, recorded at his meeting with Queen Mary at Holyrood in 1561 (accompanied by Lord James Stewart) that the reformer regarded the Papacy to be an intrusion and the ...
Nigel J's user avatar
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9 votes
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Cardinal Cajetan and Martin Luther

I found this paper "Cajetan and Luther: Revisiting the Roots of a Schism" written by Dr. Adam Cooper, a Lutheran pastor turned Catholic, who has a repository of his academic papers here. The paper ...
GratefulDisciple's user avatar
8 votes

Why did the reformers include the book of Hebrews in the canon?

As far as Calvin was concerned, his views on the canonicity of Hebrews can be found in his introductory comments to his commentary on Hebrews (here at pp. 16–17). He includes it "without hesitation" ...
Peter Kirkpatrick's user avatar
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Why did Luther not support iconoclasm like some other reformers?

Luther's own words on the subject are quoted in: The Third Sermon, March 11, 1522, Tuesday after Invocavit In his sermon on 'How Christians should regard Moses' Luther makes it clear that he does ...
Nigel J's user avatar
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7 votes

Why were Deuterocanonical books rejected in the Reformation?

The Protestants rejection of the deuterocanonical books being equal to Holy Scripture is based primarily on Jerome's Helmeted Preface: Jerome, in his Prologue to the Books of the Kings This preface ...
emeth's user avatar
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6 votes

What was Martin Luther's perspective on the early Christian church?

Luther, like other reformers, regarded the early church highly, but not above scripture. We see this in two ways – (1) he accepted the earliest councils of the church as faithfully proclaiming the ...
Nathaniel is protesting's user avatar
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Were celebrations for the 400th Anniversary of the Reformation held in Germany during World War I?

In 1917, Reformation Day was on a Wednesday. The German theologian Hermann Sasse, a sergeant in the German army at the time, spoke about that day in 1942. His glasses are too amazing for my conscience ...
Zenon's user avatar
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6 votes

Who are these people in this Catholic Reformation meme that are considered more influential than Martin Luther?

Bernini (Counter-reformation painter) St. Ignatius of Loyola (founder of Jesuits, counter-reformation order) St. Francis De Sales (Counter-reformation preacher) St. John of the Cross (Reformed ...
Peter Turner's user avatar
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6 votes
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Who won the Leipzig Debate between Martin Luther and Johann Eck?

I only know of one source, which I have here, on the table, in the form of a published book. I will extract quotes from it, to give a flavour of what the author says about the Leipzig debate between ...
Anne's user avatar
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5 votes

Are Catholics allowed to celebrate the Reformation?

Merriam-Webster define commemorate as: to call to remembrance: St. Andrew is commemorated on November 30. to mark by some ceremony or observation; observe: commemorate an anniversary to serve as a ...
Wtrmute's user avatar
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Did the original reformers believe in a Magisterium?

tldr; No - the Reformers disavowed the concept of the Magisterium. If you read the Wikipedia article on the Magisterial Reformation it is plain to see that the usual usage of the term "...
bruised reed's user avatar
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5 votes

Was Martin Luther's marriage to Katharina von Bora due to their love for each other?

Martin Luther married Katharina von Bora (1499-1552) on June 13, 1525. Katharina came from a family of higher social rank than Luther’s family. The Von Boras were members of the knightly class, a ...
Anne's user avatar
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Was there ever a "Martin Luther" or a reformation in the Eastern Orthodox Church?

I don’t know if the Council of Chalcedon (AD 451) is relevant, but it’s worth mentioning that the at this meeting, equal honour was assigned to the Church of Constantinople and the Church of Rome. The ...
Lesley's user avatar
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5 votes

Was Martin Luther wrong about baptizing infants?

(Disclaimer: this answer, as should be obvious, is from a Lutheran perspective, with emphasis on the beliefs of Luther himself, circa 1530 or so. Accordingly, while only a few sentences are prefaced ...
Matthew's user avatar
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5 votes

Would the Anglican Church consider themselves Protestant?

The Anglican denomination is thoroughly Protestant; yes there is an Anglo-Catholic sub-branch, and some High Anglican liturgical features may have the trappings of Catholicism, but the core and heart ...
curiousdannii's user avatar
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4 votes

The Servetus Controversy: What was Calvin's involvement?

Michael Servetus denied the deity of Christ and the Trinity doctrine, as well as many other points of orthodox Christian belief. But his challenge to the city Council of Geneva was handled horribly. ...
Anne's user avatar
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4 votes

Did reformation leaders throw out the Summa Theologica?

Luther According to Steinmetz, David Curtis. 2002. Luther in Context. Grand Rapids, Mich: Baker Academic., Luther had no direct knowledge of the content St. Thomas Aquinas's Summa Theologica. Luther ...
Geremia's user avatar
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4 votes

What effect did the Reformation have inside the Catholic Church?

What effect did the Reformation have inside the Catholic Church? The Protestant Reformation got on it way when Martin Luther posted his Ninety-five Theses (Disputation on the Power and Efficacy of ...
Ken Graham's user avatar
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4 votes
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Did John Calvin help Nicolas Cop write his infamous inaugural address?

According to Alexandre Ganoczy's Calvin’s Life and Context, chapter 1 in The Cambridge Companion to John Calvin there is no scholarly consensus as to the extent of Calvin's involvement in Nicolas Cop'...
Lars Bosteen's user avatar
4 votes

Did anyone who was a part of the Counter reformation consider Luther to be the Antichrist?

There was no significant attempt to portray Luther as the Antichrist. For most of the Counter-Reformation, he was dead, and other Protestant leaders were appearing all over Europe, often disagreeing ...
davidlol's user avatar
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What did Protestant reformers think about the date and authorship of the New Testament?

There never was any argument between the Reformers and the Catholic church regarding the canon of scripture, just as they never had any difference of belief about the Trinity doctrine. Going back to ...
Anne's user avatar
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4 votes

Is the incarnation of Jesus permanent, according to reformers like Luther or Calvin?

The idea of permanent incarnation has been most famously expressed in the Council of Chalcedon, long before the Reformation – there Christ's natures are said to exist "indivisibly, inseperably.&...
Nathaniel is protesting's user avatar
4 votes

Were the actions of the 3rd Duke of Alba in the 16th Century considered a Catholic Crusade?

Professor Petrus Johannes Blok was Professor of Dutch History at Leiden University, the Netherlands oldest university, in the late 19th and early 20th century. In 1907 he identified that the decree ...
davidlol's user avatar
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4 votes
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Why did Luther reject every sacrament except Baptism and Communion?

The answer depends on knowing the definition of a biblical sacrament as held by the Catholic church, and what led Luther to define a biblical sacrament differently. Luther had been brought up to ...
Anne's user avatar
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4 votes
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Would the Anglican Church consider themselves Protestant?

It may be possible for some Anglican historians to trace their roots to the 2nd century A.D., but Anglicanism only arose as an identifiable religious group after King Henry VIII set himself up as the ...
Anne's user avatar
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4 votes

How did the western Church arrive at such a state of corruption by the sixteenth century?

How did the Western Church arrive at such a state of corruption by the sixteenth century? There are many contributing factors in answering this question. But McLaurine H. Zentner in her undergraduate ...
Ken Graham's user avatar
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