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18

As stated, slavery was a fact of the Ancient World, and so when the Bible addresses the topic, it should not be compared against the sensibilities of the modern world, but rather against the sensibilities of the ones to whom the Bible was addressed. It is an anchronism to apply questions of, for example, feminism or communism, to the Scriptures, because ...


15

Pretty much the classic study of the African-American Church in America is E. Franklin Frazier's 1964 The History of the Negro Church in America. Indeed, its popularity can be evidenced by another book, The History of the Black Church since Frazier. In a nutshell, the history of the black church in the United States is what you'd expect: Slaves were ...


15

I will restate that the book Mormon Doctrine, written by Bruce R. McConkie, is not Mormon doctrine, nor ever has been. We [the First Presidency of the church] decided that Bruce R. McConkie’s book, 'Mormon Doctrine' recently published by Bookcraft Company, must not be re-published, as it is full of errors and misstatements, and it is most unfortunate that ...


15

The answer, in essence, is “no.” In principle, there is no obstacle to the marriage of any baptized Catholic man to any baptized Catholic woman, regardless of race. This is a principle at least as old as St. Paul: For as many of you as were baptized into Christ have put on Christ. There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave nor free, there is ...


9

Bob Jones/Bob Jones University is probably the most (in)famous defender of American racial segregation on the Christian side of things. In 1960, Bob Jones Sr. issued a sermon entitled "Is Segregation Spiritual?" apparently issued in direct response to a call by Billy Graham for church leaders to get behind ending segregation. The sermon was then made into ...


9

Hilaire Belloc enlightened me to the meaning of pre-christian slavery in the Servile State. There was no question in those ancient societies from which we spring of making subject races into slaves by the might of conquering races. All that is the guess-work of the universities. Not only is there no proof of it, rather all the existing proof is the other ...


8

"Lift Every Voice and Sing" was written as a poem by James Weldon Johnson for a celebration of Abraham Lincoln’s birthday in 1900. In the early 1900's, singing this song became a way for African Americans to demonstrate their patriotism and hope for the future. In calling for earth and heaven to "ring with the harmonies of Liberty," they could speak out ...


7

Great question! Here are reasons starting from Southern Christian slave-owners to modern times. First, the long-used King James bible never condemns "slavery". Rather, it provides guidelines for this "slavery" and encourages "slaves" to embrace their "bondage". Let all who are under the yoke of slavery regard their masters as worthy of all honor, so ...


6

Here is more context for some verses from the Book of Mormon, the first quote shows the curse, and the effect of it, so they became dark-skinned and lazy. The problem is that this can then be extended to shape prejudices against anyone because of their skin color, but, the last two quotes shows that discrimination based on color is wrong, and all from the ...


4

Historically, these verses have not been applied to employer/employee relations, at least not in the sense that we understand employment today. In ancient times slavery was fairly common; employment, however, was not. Most free people lived and worked on the family farm. Employment contracts did exist, but only to protect the employer's interests. Contracts ...


4

You are correct that John Chavis, although he is reported to have been the first college-educated Black/African in America, was never ordained. He was licenced to minister. It appears that John Gloucester, the founder of the first African American Presbyterian Church in the US, was the first African American Presbyterian ordained. His ordination was on ...


4

I would refer you to another article by Kevin DeYoung that is included in the belhar confession: yea or nay. In it DeYoung points out that: "there are a few lines that cannot be supported by Scripture" (an example DeYoung includes is "We believe that God, in a world full of injustice and enmity, is in a special way the God of the destitute, the poor and ...


3

To answer question 1, "Is it a belief of the Mormon church that a curse from God is the initial origin of all dark skin among humankind today?", we have, from lds.org: Today, the Church disavows the theories advanced in the past that black skin is a sign of divine disfavor or curse, or that it reflects unrighteous actions in a premortal life; that mixed-...


3

SHORT ANSWER One major example is the USA Southern States (The South) in the four or five decades leading up to the Civil War of the USA (1860's). Slavery was very common in The South and using the Bible and other religious arguments was very common to justify the morality of it. Although the verses you site were not as commonly used, except perhaps 1 ...


3

The doctrinal controversies inherent have been discussed in Does the Bible support slavery and (white) superiority in the context of American slavery?, so I will limit myself to actual movements. This question: When did the African-American population become Christian? also talks about the rise of the black church. Perhaps the most famous examples of how ...


2

Here is some excerpts from some research I have done for a book I am writing. It appears that Slavery began at about the time people began to spread out in ths American Clonies. Slavery spread quickly in the American colonies. At first the legal status of Africans in America was poorly defined, and some: like European indentured servants, managed to become ...


2

The Mormon "Book of Moses" 7:22 states that (emphasis added): And Enoch also beheld the residue of the people which were the sons of Adam; and they were a mixture of all the seed of Adam save it was the seed of Cain, for the seed of Cain were black, and had not place among them. Mormon viewpoint for most of their history was that black people were ...


2

In Luke here there's a prophecy about the restoration of Israel, pretty similar to many found in the psalms. Some white supremacists, including these people, believe that the 10 lost tribes of Israel (all except Judah and Benjamin, I think) went to Northern Europe and became the English, and sometimes all the Celtic & Germanic people. So these verses ...


2

Look up Fr. James Edwin Coyle, martyred by the KKK for, wait for it, performing interracial marriages... Also, read the encyclycal 'Mit Brennender Sorge', and what it says about race and blood purity. (Pope Pius XI, 1937) And look up the “friend-of-the-court” brief in the 1967 Supreme Court case Loving v. Virginia, submitted by two Catholic social ...


1

Quotes from MORMON PROPHETS that are considered to be infallible teachings of the LDS Bruce McConkie (the author of your first three quotes) himself states: [N]ot every statement made by a Church leader, past or present, necessarily constitutes doctrine. It is commonly understood in the Church that a statement made by one leader on a single occasion ...


1

Prohibitions by the Church of the sort you suggest would have appeared in the canons (or "rules") of the Church councils - either of local councils, convened by bishops in specific regions; or Ecumenical Councils, at which bishops from all five ancient Church Sees (Rome, Constantinople, Alexandria, Antioch, Jerusalem) attended. The Church was more or less ...


1

I'm no scholar, but based on my research of the Bible, the Epistle to Philemon has been used as a justification for slavery in the West. Perhaps this is why he [Ones'imus] was parted from you for a while, that you might have him back for ever, no longer as a slave but more than a slave, as a beloved brother, especially to me but how much more to you, both ...


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