25

Dietary rules among Christians vary from sect to sect. The starting point for understanding the Christian views on food regulation is in the book of Acts, chapter 10, when Peter has a vision and is told that he may eat any kind of food, even unclean food that does not meet Jewish regulations, such as pork. This is symbolic: Peter was told that Gentiles who ...


13

The answer which focuses on Acts 10 is excellent, but this statement from the Jerusalem Council, also recorded in the book of Acts, is also pertinent: It is my judgment, therefore, that we should not make it difficult for the Gentiles who are turning to God. Instead we should write to them, telling them to abstain from food polluted by idols, from sexual ...


8

(Although I can't speak for all Presbyterians, as we are diverse bunch, I think that what I say here is representative of the mainstream. I welcome correction if I am wrong about this.) When Communion is served, we do use a table of some kind. The table recalls the Last Supper, at which the practice of Communion was instituted; Matthew 26:20, Mark 14:18, ...


7

Christianity is broad in its beliefs of what may be eaten and what may not be eaten (see Acts 15, 1Co 8, and Gal 2:11-14 for a peek at early church debates on what foods may or may not be eaten). Many Christians will point to Mark 7:19 or Acts 10:1-11:18 to indicate that God has declared all foods clean. Others recognize that Jesus did not abolish the law (...


7

Theological issues To get it straight from the horses' mouths, you can read Van Til's complaint [PDF] and Clark's answer [PDF] online. Both are very long and in-depth and also spend a good deal of time on procedural matters before getting to the theological. But if you really want to know and understand the ins and outs of what was at stake, primary sources ...


6

As you mention, evangelicalism refers to a movement that typically emphasizes salvation through faith in Christ, the authority of the Bible, evangelism, and a conversion experience. On the other hand, presbyterianism refers primarily to a form of church government. In this system, elders rule the church – a session of elders is responsible for leading ...


6

Are you considered to be Catholic? The short answer is no. Finally, each and every Catholic, as also the baptized of every non-Catholic church or denomination who enters into the fullness of the Catholic communion, must retain his own rite wherever he is, must cherish it and observe it to the best of his ability, without prejudice to the right in special ...


5

The Presbyterian model of the Lord's Supper is explicitly laid out in the Westminster Confession, which until about a hundred and thirty years ago was followed by most Presbyterian Churches to the letter. Today, really only the Free Kirk (or the "wee frees" as they are known) still maintain this strict tradition. There are no altars as Christ's sacrifice on ...


5

There's no inherent incompatibility. Both denominations believe in forms of apostolic succession (though not the kind asserted by the Catholic Church.) Wikipedia explains: The Anglican Communion "has never officially endorsed any one particular theory of the origin of the historic episcopate, its exact relation to the apostolate, and the sense in which ...


4

I'll quote from two notable opponents of these two chapters. The first is John Murray; his comments on the Confession were published in 1936 in the newsletter edited by J. Gresham Machen, the founder of the Orthodox Presbyterian Church. The second is the 2014 report of the study committee of the Associate Reformed Presbyterian Church, which recommended that ...


4

You are correct that John Chavis, although he is reported to have been the first college-educated Black/African in America, was never ordained. He was licenced to minister. It appears that John Gloucester, the founder of the first African American Presbyterian Church in the US, was the first African American Presbyterian ordained. His ordination was on ...


4

I would refer you to another article by Kevin DeYoung that is included in the belhar confession: yea or nay. In it DeYoung points out that: "there are a few lines that cannot be supported by Scripture" (an example DeYoung includes is "We believe that God, in a world full of injustice and enmity, is in a special way the God of the destitute, the poor and ...


4

American Presbyterians have indeed made a number of significant changes to the Westminster Confession through the years. Some portions of the Confession have been revised (or outright rejected) by most American Presbyterians, while other changes provoked (or were the result of) debate and division. The most significant changes can be broken down as follows:...


4

The position of the Westminster Confession of Faith regarding Sabbath day observance may help to explain why you were exhorted to “think spiritual thoughts all day on a Sunday” and that “you must not let your mind wander”: As it is the law of nature, that, in general, a due proportion of time be set apart for the worship of God; so, in His Word, by a ...


4

I've been going to a Protestant Presbyterian church for 20 years now, with the metrical Scottish Psalter (led by a presentor) the only source of our musical worship up until 2010. It used the 1650 version approved by the Church of Scotland. I can only answer with regard to my particular denomination. Other Protestant Presbyterian groups may have other ...


4

Theology has the idea of the Ordo Salutis, or Order of Salvation. A Christian branch like Reformed Theology (of which Presbyterianism is a part) will have a particular way of organising the various doctrines of salvation. The Order of Salvation shows the logical order of these doctrines: how one doctrine leads to and interacts with the others. Note that it ...


4

According to Presbyterianism, is there salvation available for Adam and Eve? The short response is that it is probable that Adam and Eve were saved. The Bible does not explicitly state whether Adam and Eve went to heaven. While Adam and Eve later serve as examples of sinful failure in the rest of Scripture, (Adam in Job 31:33; Hosea 6:7; Rom. 5:12-14; 1 ...


3

No, that is not correct Your friends/associates are speaking from ignorance (at best), and possibly out of spite. Papal Infallibility Per the Ecumenical Council now referred to as Vatican I (1870), papal infallibility relates to declarations made ex cathedra pertaining to faith and morals. (Catholic Encyclopedia, Infalliblity, Explanation of papal ...


3

The Presbyterian Churches of America have in their church order a section on membership. This does not require the members to adopt all the doctrines of the church, but it does require a credible profession of faith in Christ. CHAPTER 6 Church Members 6-1. The children of believers are, through the covenant and by right of birth, non-communing members of ...


3

Conservative Presbyterian churches typically require their elders to subscribe to the Westminster Standards, which include the Westminster Confession of Faith, the Westminster Shorter Catechism, and the Westminster Larger Catechism. The lay members of the congregation are usually only required to submit to the teaching of the elders, which in practice means ...


3

I asked this question when I was first exploring becoming a foster parent. Three years later, I have had two foster children both of which remained unbaptized while in our care. Because a Presbyterian view of baptism is that it is the sign of covenant membership. Since foster children are not legally and covenantally permanent members of the family prior to ...


3

I don't think any denominational body has ruled on this; until one does so, it remains a matter of conscience for individual believers. Part of the difficulty is that foster care as a named/organized phenomenon only goes back to the 19th century. That said, there seem to be two main schools of thought: yes and no. End of answer. I'm kidding... but those ...


3

Her Majesty has, on occasions, worshipped at churches of many denominations, including Roman Catholic. She attended Vespers at Westminster (RC) Cathedral on St. Andrew's Day, 1995, to mark the centenary of the commencement of its construction. Her involvement in the Church of Scotland is on a different level from this. She is more than an occasional, or ...


3

The name “Presbyterian” applies to a diverse group of churches that adhere in some degree to the teachings of John Calvin and John Knox and are led by representative elders (presbyters) of their congregations. Here is a brief overview of the history of the Scottish Presbyterian Church: The Presbyterian Church was first organized in Scotland under the ...


2

Within Baptist churches, there tends to be a significant number of ordinal and locational church names, although the modern trend is to eschew both "Baptist" and incorporate more soteriological concepts. So, let me unpack that: Ordinal naming Baptists are a highly missiological group - they want to plant as many churches as they can, and are ...


2

Catholic Parishes are faith communities named after a Catholic Saint; a combination of Saijts whose names appear together in the Liturgy of the Mass; a title of Our Lady; or a title of the Holy Trinity. Examples: St. Augustine Parish Sts. Pepetua and Felicity Parish Holy Mother of Consolation Parish Divine Mercy Parish


2

Nathaniel's answer above is the correct one, but I would like to give another perspective. I think it is worthwhile to contrast writings of Presbyterianism's biggest hero (John Calvin) with modern teachings from Evangelicalsism's biggest hero (Billy Graham, or at least his website) to draw some distinctions. To get a good summary of the soteriology of the ...


2

If the aforementioned labels seem too specific, but Christian seems too broad, Evangelical Calvinist may be appropriate for those who are Calvinistic, and Reformed (i.e., holding to the Five Solas), but perhaps vary in areas of Polity, Sacramentalism, Eschatology and Cessationism, to name a few. There are many, for example, who espouse Calvinistic theology, ...


2

I'll describe the denominations you mention, for the purpose of completeness, but you've only left out one small denomination, from what I have found. The denominations are: United Reformed Church (founded 1972) Formed by the merger of the Presbyterian Church of England and the Congregational Church in England and Wales. Theologically liberal, and no ...


2

I haven't been a Presbyterian for very long, but as part of my initiation as a member, I was told that part of the reason not to have an altar which is a closed box such as more liturgical churches have was to allow people to see that there was nothing magic hidden inside the box that would suggest that communion involves transubstantiation.


Only top voted, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible