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Do all Christians believe in predestination? No. Do all Christians believe in free-will? No. Does the Bible teach predestination? Yes Does the Bible teach Free-Will? Yes Romans informs us that salvation is about God's choice. Romans 10 informs of of man's responsibility to believe or man's choice. Is Jesus God? Yes. Is Jesus Man? Yes. ...


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John Calvin makes a comparison between this verse and Romans 9:11, asserting that the same principal was being described. Thus restricting the scope of application to just the Ephesian church is not warranted. From Calvin's Commentaries for Ephesians 1: According as he hath chosen us. The foundation and first cause, both of our calling and of all the ...


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The view of Norman Geisler, who was a Thomistic scholar, is that free will and election are not innately contradictory. Geisler wrote the book "Chosen but Free". He explains that while God's choosing and man's free will seem to be contradictory, philosophically they can't be shown to be so. A key verse for Geisler is 1 Peter 1:1-2 where God's choice is "...


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Theology has the idea of the Ordo Salutis, or Order of Salvation. A Christian branch like Reformed Theology (of which Presbyterianism is a part) will have a particular way of organising the various doctrines of salvation. The Order of Salvation shows the logical order of these doctrines: how one doctrine leads to and interacts with the others. Note that it ...


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Since virtually it's formation as a school of thought, Calvinism has disagreed about the logical order of God's divine decrees. Generally there have been two schools with the minority (5% according to wikipedia) espousing the pre-lapsarian (lit. pre-fall) view that God elects to save and condemn prior to even create or allow sin. The majority view is the ...


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Dr. Leighton Flowers (a former 5-Point Calvinist) speaks about this often. Check out his writings and podcasts if you're interested in more information or to hear from former Calvinists. He and his guests often speak about pre/post views on Romans 9, Ephesians 1, and John 6. I've included an example of his prior/post interpretations of Matthew 22:1-14. ...


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In the 1689 Baptist Confession of Faith, a historic Calvinistic faith confession that is a revision of the Westminster confession and used as a confession of faith by many reformed calvinist church today, state in Chapter 3 (Of God's Decree), Paragraph 5: Those of mankind that are predestinated to life, God, before the foundation of the world was laid, ...


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No one ever deserves to be in Heaven. Everyone that goes to Heaven deserves to be in Hell... always. Only Jesus deserves to be in Heaven. The rest of us get there by God's free grace, through faith in Jesus, and through Him dying for our sins. God has not changed his mind on these things. Total Depravity relates to the individual. It means that a person'...


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This chapter covers Romans 9:18-21, the similitude of the Potter which is used by some to bolster predestination. Romans 9:18-21 KJV Therefore hath he mercy on whom he will have mercy, and whom he will he hardeneth. 19Thou wilt say then unto me, Why doth he yet find fault? For who hath resisted his will? 20Nay but, O man, who art thou that repliest against ...


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The answer to your first question: No. As with many things denominational/soteriological, definitions come heavily into play here. Some people, for example, would interpret 'predestine' and 'predestination' to require total divine determinism, ie God sovereignly and directly controlling every thought and action a man does until he arrives at the destination ...


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I like how @curiousdannii's answer highlights that Ordo Salutis is logical order, not temporal order (not a sequence in time), and that there is nothing we can do or need to do for the election part of the Ordo Salutis. You asked: We cannot offer God ANYTHING But can we not simply respond to Him? Of course people who are included in election will ...


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Here is an answer in two parts. The first part deals with information extracted from Book 1 of Calvin’s ‘Institutes’. The link given opens up at Book 3 so you have to navigate back to Book 1. https://reformed.org/master/index.html?mainframe=/books/institutes/books/indxbk3.html CALVIN INSTITUTES - BOOK I. THE KNOWLEDGE OF GOD THE CREATOR. Discussion of ...


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The traditional Calvinistic understanding of the relationship between God's knowledge and God's decree relies on an important distinction, which I'll briefly explain, then present to you how Historically Reformed Confessions articulate the relationship. When we are talking about "time" before creation, we must understand that "time" in any traditional ...


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According to Catholicism, who are “the elect”? In a nutshell, this term for Catholics refers to the Church Militant and the Church Triumphant. Here follows what the Catholic Encyclopedia has to say on the subject of the Elect: Elect Denotes in general one chosen or taken by preference from among two or more; as a theological term it is equivalent ...


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As a former Calvinist, I hope I can help provide more light than confusion. To caveats: (1) at the outset you should know that there is diversity even within 'Calvinism' so several answers are possible on each point, and (2) I'm not entirely certain I understand you questions but I will do my best to help on each of the four points you note. 1. In brief, a ...


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General backround I am going to quote from one prominent Arminian theology advocate, Roger E. Olson, a well-published professor of theology and ethics. One of his books is the 2006 Arminian Theology: Myths and Realities. He maintains a blog called My Evangelical Arminian Theological Musings. In this March 2014 blog article Arminianism and Providence I ...


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It would appear that Calvin did not believe in pre existence of the soul based on the quote below For Calvin, the very idea that the soul “sleeps” until the resurrection made no sense, given the unique properties of the human soul. As a creationist, Calvin affirmed that the human soul is not eternal but is uniquely created by God at the moment of ...


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Theological determinism is as fatal to human reason and faith as Natural determinism, if all future events are totally determined by past states of affairs (see Plantinga: “...Where the Problem Really Lies”) There is a parallel distinction between cause-effect and ground-consequent (Re: C. S. Lewis). The former applies to determinism and the latter to ...


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God moves a thing according to the nature of thing he moves. So when God gives grace to a man, he gives it to him according to his nature; so God gives grace to a man so that man receives it freely. Also, predestination is in God, and our choices are in us, so they inhere in two different subjects. Also, it is important that God is not one influence and our ...


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If you start with the attributes of God, that He is omnipotent, omnipresent and omniscient, then it follows that he is sovereign over all things - the universe, the earth and individuals. It is often hard for humans to give up their autonomy and acknowledge that God is in charge. Until we do, we worship a god of our own creation. These verses definitely ...


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It is the view of some of the most eminent Calvinists that all those who die in infancy go to Heaven, including Charles Spurgeon and John Gill. But they are not saved because they did not reject the Gospel: souls are lost not because they reject the Gospel but because they are sinners. True, only receiving the Gospel can save them, but they are lost already ...


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Satan believes in election not because of his inherent intellect but because he is well-versed with the bible. He has indirect knowledge of the elect even before they are saved, because He sees how God takes care of His own. Job for example, was protected by God and Satan knows it. God formed a hedge around him that nor even Satan is allowed to touch him. ...


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