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Do all Christians believe in predestination? No. Do all Christians believe in free-will? No. Does the Bible teach predestination? Yes Does the Bible teach Free-Will? Yes Romans informs us that salvation is about God's choice. Romans 10 informs of of man's responsibility to believe or man's choice. Is Jesus God? Yes. Is Jesus Man? Yes. ...


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Theology has the idea of the Ordo Salutis, or Order of Salvation. A Christian branch like Reformed Theology (of which Presbyterianism is a part) will have a particular way of organising the various doctrines of salvation. The Order of Salvation shows the logical order of these doctrines: how one doctrine leads to and interacts with the others. Note that it ...


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John Calvin makes a comparison between this verse and Romans 9:11, asserting that the same principal was being described. Thus restricting the scope of application to just the Ephesian church is not warranted. From Calvin's Commentaries for Ephesians 1: According as he hath chosen us. The foundation and first cause, both of our calling and of all the ...


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Since virtually it's formation as a school of thought, Calvinism has disagreed about the logical order of God's divine decrees. Generally there have been two schools with the minority (5% according to wikipedia) espousing the pre-lapsarian (lit. pre-fall) view that God elects to save and condemn prior to even create or allow sin. The majority view is the ...


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I like how @curiousdannii's answer highlights that Ordo Salutis is logical order, not temporal order (not a sequence in time), and that there is nothing we can do or need to do for the election part of the Ordo Salutis. You asked: We cannot offer God ANYTHING But can we not simply respond to Him? Of course people who are included in election will ...


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This chapter covers Romans 9:18-21, the similitude of the Potter which is used by some to bolster predestination. Romans 9:18-21 KJV Therefore hath he mercy on whom he will have mercy, and whom he will he hardeneth. 19Thou wilt say then unto me, Why doth he yet find fault? For who hath resisted his will? 20Nay but, O man, who art thou that repliest against ...


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The answer to your first question: No. As with many things denominational/soteriological, definitions come heavily into play here. Some people, for example, would interpret 'predestine' and 'predestination' to require total divine determinism, ie God sovereignly and directly controlling every thought and action a man does until he arrives at the destination ...


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According to Catholicism, who are “the elect”? In a nutshell, this term for Catholics refers to the Church Militant and the Church Triumphant. Here follows what the Catholic Encyclopedia has to say on the subject of the Elect: Elect Denotes in general one chosen or taken by preference from among two or more; as a theological term it is equivalent ...


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'I will harden' indicates that God's presence (the very presence of he who is I AM) causes a hardening of the wicked heart. 'I (being present) will (cause to) harden the heart of Pharoah.' That the heart of the wicked hardens in the presence of I AM ( that is to say when Moses is present and God is with Moses) is entirely due to them. It is their own ...


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Since the term "predestination" in your question specifically refers to God's choice of individuals for blessed eternal life or eternal damnation, after death, and with that understanding, I would like to make short comments: First, is it knowable? The answer is a "binary" one: if you are "in" then you are "not out." And the best place to find the ...


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As a former Calvinist, I hope I can help provide more light than confusion. To caveats: (1) at the outset you should know that there is diversity even within 'Calvinism' so several answers are possible on each point, and (2) I'm not entirely certain I understand you questions but I will do my best to help on each of the four points you note. 1. In brief, a ...


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General backround I am going to quote from one prominent Arminian theology advocate, Roger E. Olson, a well-published professor of theology and ethics. One of his books is the 2006 Arminian Theology: Myths and Realities. He maintains a blog called My Evangelical Arminian Theological Musings. In this March 2014 blog article Arminianism and Providence I ...


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If you start with the attributes of God, that He is omnipotent, omnipresent and omniscient, then it follows that he is sovereign over all things - the universe, the earth and individuals. It is often hard for humans to give up their autonomy and acknowledge that God is in charge. Until we do, we worship a god of our own creation. These verses definitely ...


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