18 votes
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Do Calvinists believe they know whether they are saved?

Calvinists indeed believe they can only make educated guesses about others; if someone you thought was saved falls away, the conclusion is they were never actually saved. But Calvinism teaches that "...
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16 votes
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According to Calvinism, why does God give mercy to some and not to others?

Because he wants to, and certainly not because of anything they've done or will do. One of the central tenants of this concept for Calvinists is that it's not what you do (or have done, or even will ...
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  • 6,997
13 votes
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If God "shows no partiality," how do Calvinists defend predestination?

Summary: Calvinists interpret these passages as referring to God's righteousness and justice — that he is a fair judge, consistently judging sin as wrong, whether committed by rich or poor, strong or ...
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10 votes
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How do Calvinists explain God's wanting no one to perish and electing some to judgement?

The typical Calvinist response to this question is captured well by Wayne Grudem in his Systematic Theology: [1 Timothy 2:4 and 2 Peter 3:9] speak of God's revealed will (telling us what we should do)...
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8 votes

What happens if someone who is not elect tries to seek God?

[...] does the mere act of seeking God mean that the person must be elect? Yes. Reformed theology must be understood wholesale. If you pick and choose some ideas and don't put them in the context of ...
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  • 37.1k
7 votes

How does the Roman Catholic Church interpret predestination?

Against the Calvinist doctrine on predestination, the Council of Trent's 6th session (Decree on Justification) says: CANON IV.—If any one saith, that man's free-will moved and excited by God, by ...
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  • 32.7k
7 votes

Romans 9:14 to 9:24 and free will

Do all Christians believe in predestination? No. Do all Christians believe in free-will? No. Does the Bible teach predestination? Yes Does the Bible teach Free-Will? Yes Romans informs us ...
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  • 846
7 votes

Why does the debate over election/predestination matter?

The pastoral reason this debate matters so much is because of the related doctrine of assurance (which itself is intimately related to justification by faith alone). To put it bluntly, if our ...
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  • 1,609
6 votes

Did John Bunyan believe in predestination and irresistible grace?

It's clear from the writings of John Bunyan that he believed in the Reformed doctrines of predestination and irresistible grace. He makes an extensive defense of these and related doctrines in his ...
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6 votes
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How do Calvinists explain Luke 19:41-44

John Piper passionately argues in his 2003 sermon Palm Sunday Tears of Sovereign Mercy that this doesn't contradict the doctrine of foreordination: There is something not quite right about this ...
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6 votes
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How does the Roman Catholic Church interpret predestination?

TL;DR We could summarize the Church’s teaching as follows: God has perfect foreknowledge of who will be elect (which is the same thing as to say that he predestines them). However, although salvation ...
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5 votes
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Looking for source for quote from Christian author

The quote is from C.S.Lewis in "Mere christianity", book 4, chapter 3 "Time And Beyond Time".
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  • 200
5 votes

To the Calvinist, does Phillipians 1:29 mean that all the Philippians will go to heaven because all of them have already been elected?

Calvin says in his commentary on Philippians 1:28. but Paul in another instance, too, speaks of them as a manifest token or proof, (2 Thessalonians 1:5,) and instead of ἔνδειξιν, which we have ...
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  • 3,538
4 votes

How do Calvinists interpret 2 Peter 1:10?

Calvinists from Calvin to the present day have interpreted this verse as relating to man's assurance, not God's will. John Calvin specifically responds to those who say this verse implies that the "...
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4 votes

What happens if someone who is not elect tries to seek God?

While I'm taking a risk by quoting just one verse--and only a portion of a verse at that--to support my contention, I'll venture forth, going where angels fear to tread: "There is none that seeketh ...
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  • 9,008
4 votes
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What's the difference between predestination and predeterminism?

From wikipedia (great source, I know): Predestination Predestination, in theology, is the doctrine that all events have been willed by God. Predeterminism Predeterminism is the idea that ...
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  • 4,626
4 votes
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What is the basis for Calvinist double predestination, as opposed to single predestination?

To begin, let's be sure that we understand what double predestination means in Calvinism. You have it right, that God chooses both who is elect and who is non-elect, but it's important to note that ...
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4 votes

What does John 3:16 mean according to Calvinism?

From John Calvin's Commentary on John chapter 3 John Calvin made much about the love of God in John 3:16 arguing that the cause is the love of God for us, not any good in ourselves, or any quality ...
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4 votes

How does election work according to mainstream Presbyterian thought?

Theology has the idea of the Ordo Salutis, or Order of Salvation. A Christian branch like Reformed Theology (of which Presbyterianism is a part) will have a particular way of organising the various ...
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  • 18k
4 votes
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How do Calvinists understand the argument that only the Ephesian church were elect in the context of Ephesians?

John Calvin makes a comparison between this verse and Romans 9:11, asserting that the same principal was being described. Thus restricting the scope of application to just the Ephesian church is not ...
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3 votes

According to Calvinism, why does God give mercy to some and not to others?

In hardline Calvinist theology passages like Romans 9 and Ephesians 1 are extremely important and helpful in this discussion. In Romans 9:11 we see that these things are done simply so that, "God'...
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3 votes

How do Calvinists interpret 2 Peter 1:10?

I believe it is a matter of perspective. I don't see the fundamental Calvinist doctrine being at odds with any scripture, (although many have implemented it in ways contrary to scripture, as with any ...
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3 votes

What happens if someone who is not elect tries to seek God?

The tough part of answering this question is understanding your meaning of "seek God." Of course the Reformed perspective on salvation (soteriology - study of salvation) is that no one with true ...
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  • 41
3 votes
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Christ in the context of Predestination

Isn't the point of Christ that we were formerly unable through our goodness (lack of it) to initiate a relation with God, so that Christ's role was to initiate this relation, to create this mediation? ...
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  • 18k
3 votes

How does free will fit with the doctrine of predestination?

According to the definition of free will that you provide, Calvinists do not believe in free will. The basic text for this question is Calvin's Treatise against Pighius, but it is also addressed in ...
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  • 2,148
3 votes

Did John Calvin teach that God creates certain souls only to be destroyed?

Your quote describing predestinarianism is clearly referring to a certain interpretation of Romans 9. Romans 9, after all, uses similar verbiage: You will say to me then, “Why [then] does he still ...
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3 votes

Do Calvinists believe that it is possible to be saved without believing the doctrine of predestination?

This perhaps isn't a typical answer to the question, but it does provide the opinion of one well-known Calvinist, George Whitefield. Whitefield was once asked if he expected to see his Arminian ...
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3 votes
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What is the Lutheran view on sovereign election?

Lutherans believe that God elects to salvation, but not to damnation. That is to say, we believe that our salvation is due to God's election on account of His grace and mercy for the sake of Christ (...
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3 votes

Do Calvinists believe they know whether they are saved?

Five-pointer Calvinists know that they are saved.1 John 5:13 says we may know that we have eternal life because of the assurance that we have in the written word. 1 John 5:13(ESV) 13 I write ...
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