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7 votes

Did Philo influence the contents of the New Testament?

The following information about Philo of Alexandria has saved me a lot of spade-work. These quotes show the comparative significance of this man with regard to early Christian doctrines. "Jewish ...
Anne's user avatar
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4 votes
Accepted

What did the Apostolic and ante-Nicene Fathers believe about Sheol/Hades?

Apostolic Fathers The Shepherd of Hermas the apostles and the teachers who preached the name of the Son of God, after they had fallen asleep in the power and faith of the Son of God, preached also ...
Hold To The Rod's user avatar
3 votes

What was the 'orthodox' view of God and Christ when the Arian Controversy began?

First of all I'd like to apologize that I'm not an expert so my answer may not be correct. What was the 'orthodox' view of God and Christ when the Arian Controversy began? The counterquestion is: ...
Martin Rosenau's user avatar
3 votes

What evidence is there that the original framers of the 325 Nicene Creed intended it to be read in subordinationist ways?

'I and the Father are one', John 10:30, and 'My Father is greater than I', John 14:28, express both equality (of nature) and subordination (in relationship) which the Nicene Fathers fully appreciated ...
Nigel J's user avatar
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2 votes
Accepted

What is the biblical & patristic basis for the belief that the saints go to Heaven instead of Sheol after the resurrection and ascension of Jesus?

What is the biblical and patristic basis for the belief that the saints go to Heaven instead of Sheol after the resurrection and ascension of Jesus? To start with we have the words of Jesus to the ...
Ken Graham's user avatar
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2 votes

What did the Early Church (ante-Nicene period) believe about Gehenna and the Second Death?

The early church consistently understood Gehenna as the place of second death and eternal fire. The one outlier was Origen. (in quotes, emphasis mine) Irenaeus, a disciple of Polycarp, a disciple of ...
SLM's user avatar
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2 votes

For Christians who are skeptical of the writings of the Apostolic & Ante-Nicene Fathers, what is their epistemological basis for trusting a canon?

The folowing extract from the Westminster Confession (1.5) may be of interest in regard to this question. The Westminster Confession is the Doctrinal Standard in many Reformed churches. These are ...
davidlol's user avatar
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2 votes

Did any Apostolic or Ante-Nicene Fathers believe that Jesus was a created being?

There's a major problem searching literature for claims that some leaders of the early Church believed that Jesus was a created being, apart from wasting a massive amount of time looking for something ...
Anne's user avatar
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2 votes

Did any Apostolic or Ante-Nicene Fathers believe that Jesus was a created being?

The Shepard of Hermas (SH) was accepted by many to be divine or on par with scripture. It may be found in the Sinaiticus manuscript. So, how did the book have enough sway that writers such as Origen ...
SLM's user avatar
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2 votes
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Did the Early Church (ante-Nicene period) believe in the continuation or cessation of the office of Apostle?

The Ante-Nicene Fathers provide a variety of viewpoints on this matter. As with so many other topics, there was lively disagreement among their ranks. I'll loosely group ideas into 3 broad categories, ...
Hold To The Rod's user avatar
2 votes

Did the 1st Council of Nicea have a predecessor?

Did the 1st Council of Nicea have a predecessor? In a sense yes, but not as an Ecumenical Council. To be an Ecumenical Council, the following must be observed: Ecumenical Councils are those to which ...
Ken Graham's user avatar
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1 vote

Was Tertullian a Sabellian?

Was Tertullian a Sabellian? The short answer is no, but history can be very murky at times in order to understand the nuances of things in the Early Church. For one thing, Tertullian is not recognized ...
Ken Graham's user avatar
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1 vote

Did the 1st Council of Nicea have a predecessor?

Ken Graham is answering in the view of the Latin Church, and actually uses an unsupportable definition. None of the Seven Ecumencial Councils recognized by both the Latins and the Orthodox as such ...
D.N. Yetter's user avatar
1 vote

Do we know how many bishops attending the Council of Nicaea were victims of the Roman perscutions?

Do we know how many bishops attending the Council of Nicaea were actual victims of the Roman perscutions? We will certainly never know how many bishops who participated in the Council of Nicaea were ...
Ken Graham's user avatar
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1 vote
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Do we know how many bishops attending the Council of Nicaea were victims of the Roman perscutions?

Not much is known about those bishops who suffered persecution and also attended Nicaea. The last general persecution under Diocletian was about 20 years prior to the council. One name stands out as ...
Dan Fefferman's user avatar
1 vote

What was the ante-Nicene Fathers' view on image veneration?

Artwork There is artwork in one form or another in Christianity as far back as the archeological record can take us (As already noted by Ken Graham, precious little has survived from the very earliest ...
Hold To The Rod's user avatar
1 vote
Accepted

What was the ante-Nicene Fathers' view on image veneration?

What was the ante-Nicene Fathers' view on the veneration of images and its use inside churches? The real problem with this particular question is that the Early Church was under persecution during the ...
Ken Graham's user avatar
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1 vote
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Did the Early Church (ante-Nicene period) believe in the continuation or cessation of the office of Prophet?

The early writers use the term "prophet" in differing ways. Prophets are Old Testament Writers Ignatius & Irenaeus appear most comfortable using "the prophets" in the Jewish ...
Hold To The Rod's user avatar
1 vote
Accepted

What did the Early Church (ante-Nicene period) believe about Gehenna and the Second Death?

SLM provided an excellent review from Irenaeus to Nicea (see here), so I will focus on the earlier end of the spectrum, from the Apostolic Fathers to Irenaeus (I'll include Irenaeus too though because,...
Hold To The Rod's user avatar
1 vote

For Christians who are skeptical of the writings of the Apostolic & Ante-Nicene Fathers, what is their epistemological basis for trusting a canon?

"Despite the obvious high levels of human intervention that were required" I'm not sure I agree with this. If you really have Gospel accounts from the Apostle Matthew, the Apostle John, the ...
Only True God's user avatar
1 vote

For Christians who are skeptical of the writings of the Apostolic & Ante-Nicene Fathers, what is their epistemological basis for trusting a canon?

Epistemology is the study of knowledge and rationality of belief. What is the basis for trusting a canon, if you can't rely on outside writings? The bible provides its own requirement to be ...
SLM's user avatar
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1 vote
Accepted

Who first used the term "spirit of fornication" (𝘴𝘱𝘪𝘳𝘪𝘵𝘶𝘴 𝘧𝘰𝘳𝘯𝘪𝘤𝘢𝘵𝘪𝘰𝘯𝘪𝘴)?

Searching the Patrologia Latina database, St. Ambrose seems to be the first Latin Father who uses the term, in his commentary on Psalm 118:153-160 (Hebrew letter "Resh", ר), Sermon 20, PL 15 ...
Geremia's user avatar
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1 vote

What evidence is there that the original framers of the 325 Nicene Creed intended it to be read in subordinationist ways?

Subordination in the Nicene Creed You ask What evidence is there that the original framers of the 325 Nicene Creed intended it to be read in subordinationist ways? The short answer is that the ...
bradimus's user avatar
  • 3,670
1 vote

Should homoousion in the Nicene Creed be translated as "same substance" or as “one substance?”

The authors of the creed definitely meant that God and Christ are one substance. Remember that the creed was formulated against Arius, who claimed that Christ was of a similar substance with the ...
jaredad7's user avatar
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1 vote

What was the 'orthodox' view of God and Christ when the Arian Controversy began?

You ask if you are making a category error with the three alternatives given in your question. The way to avoid a category error when asking about pre- and post-300 A.D. beliefs regarding the person ...
Anne's user avatar
  • 31k
1 vote

What was the 'orthodox' view of God and Christ when the Arian Controversy began?

Purpose The fourth-century Arian Controversy began as a disagreement about who the Son of God is, relative to God. Later in the fourth century, the Holy Spirit was included in the debate. In the next (...
Andries's user avatar
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