13

Wikipedia's article on this topic is a pretty good place to start, and for in-depth treatment, you'll want By Man Shall His Blood Be Shed (Feser and Bessette; in favor of the death penalty) and Capital Punishment and Roman Catholic Moral Tradition (Brugger; against). Also useful is Laurence's "He Beareth Not the Sword in Vain," a 2003 article on ...


12

Yes, if the candidate was voted for because they were pro-abortion Pope Benedict XVI (formerly Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger) succinctly summed up the Catholic Church's teachings in the memorandum "Worthiness to Receive Holy Communion: General Principles": A Catholic would be guilty of formal cooperation in evil, and so unworthy to present himself for Holy ...


11

Foundations: Taxation and private property are in tension The commandment (Exodus 20) "Thou shalt not steal" implies the right to private property, and this is everywhere assumed in Scripture (even in Acts 5). If princes had the unlimited right to tax, to any extent and for any purpose, there could be no private property. All would belong to the ...


10

Catholicism does not keep a comprehensive list of what does and does not constitute a sin; there are too many actions with moral consequence to allow for such a list. Although the Catechism of the Catholic Church does point out several actions (including procuring an abortion) as sins, even grave sins, it says nothing specifically about voting for candidates ...


6

Have JWs always been politically neutral, or did they in the past e.g. vote in elections or support one party over another? The majority of history I can find about Jehovah's Witnesses having political neutrality is regarding being conscripted for war. Specific dates are hard to come by, but war neutrality was first widely encouraged in 1904, followed by ...


6

It would be wrong to think that a majority of Protestants are Zionists, but Christian Zionism is nevertheless a substantial movement, especially in the United States. There is a belief among some Christians that the return of the Jews to the Holy Land, and the establishment of the State of Israel in 1948, is in accordance with Biblical prophecy. The idea ...


5

There is no doctrine, policy or convention in the Catholic church that prevents a priest, or any church leader, from pronouncing on the rightness of some action or belief. Historically, over the last thousand years or so, the Pope and other church leaders have pronounced on the policies and conduct of many world leaders. In recent times the Pope has ...


5

The question is very well addressed in a guide published by Catholic Answers. In a nutshell, the answer is that a Catholic (and, frankly, every human being, regardless of religion) is bound in conscience never to support public policies that encourage abortion, and this duty includes the grave obligation to vote for those candidates who will best protect ...


4

The first thing to notice about the posts linked to in the question is that neither of the theologians in the discussion is claiming that all taxation is theft. Rick Phillips explicitly says "there is a legitimate basis for government taxation". The WeeFlea claims that Sproul believes that "all tax is theft" (both from links in the question). But there is no ...


4

Per the LDS website, “stake presidents and bishops are free to contribute, serve on campaign committees and otherwise support candidates of their choice”. So, it seems that bishops are free to participate in politics. However, the church goes on to say that these officials should not imply or infer that their political stance is endorsed by the church, use ...


3

Are there any Christian denominations which in fact consider terrorism to be justified? Perhaps no denominations properly speaking, but definitely there are some Christian individuals and/or groups that do so. Christian terrorism comprises terrorist acts by groups or individuals who profess Christian motivations or goals. Christian terrorists justify ...


3

There are no requirements in the New Testament for the establishment of or abolishment of socio-economic classes, so to the most basic aspect of your question, they can exist or not. There are a few issues to address however. To begin, consider that elements of redistribution are seen directly in Acts: 32 Now the full number of those who believed ...


3

On basic human psychology Censoring someone doesn't change their beliefs; it just prevents them from expressing those beliefs where they will be caught. However, censoring someone will absolutely harden their heart against you. As someone who grew up atheist, I can absolutely tell you that I would have spent my entire young adult life in prison, protesting ...


3

The bible makes a case for civil disobedience when it comes to loving our neighbor as ourselves, and standing up to authorities regarding justice for the poor and oppressed, at the expense of disregarding governmental law. That's how Martin Luther King Jr. was justified in his stance on biblical, non-violent protest. Reference such scripture examples as: ...


3

This is actually a question I asked at my church during the last election season. I'll break this down into 2 parts Voting: I don't see any scriptural support for or against it. I reject the notion that it is a sin not to vote, as I haven't heard any sound scriptural evidence. I have heard people use "Pray for your leaders" (1 Tim 2:2) and "Submit to ...


3

ORGANIZATIONALLY (non-religious sense), both Mainline and Evangelical terms refer to 2 different ways that Protestant churches are governed in North America. Mainline churches are part of a hierarchy (sometimes called a denomination) but Evangelical churches are usually independent from one another so frequently called non-denominational. But for ...


2

I've never found something that would really suggest we have a Christian obligation to take part in politics, or not to take part. As far as voting, democracy is a relatively recent innovation. To whatever extent there was a sense of civic participation and responsibility, it was generally focused on the local community, not the government.


2

Your question reveals one of the most misunderstood issue in the Bible, as the church sees itself as the successor of Israel. For the most part, Evangelical Christendom believes in a pre-tribulation rapture (see Left Behind series) originating from Nelson John Darby of the Plymouth brethren, who are also responsible for Dispensationalism. In this idea, ...


2

The Church has technically never reversed the decree excommunicating communists. More However, it is no longer common practice to excommunicate individuals based on their political beliefs, and even directly after the decree was made, it was rarely enforced. Membership in Communist organizations or holding communist political beliefs is still considered a ...


2

I'm focusing on the question why the opinion of the church changed in the past, not the "historic landmarks" (single events) that lead there. I'd like to look on two periods in time: Before AD 313 (edict of Milan) The situation then was completely different than the situation today: There were many contradictory doctrines (example: Arian controversy) and ...


2

The article The Ten Plagues and the ethics of modern warfare, while not explicitly using the term terrorism does interpret this portion of Exodus as making a case for following just war guidelines and only using a 'nuclear option' (all first borns killed) as a last resort. So that's at least one example of Exodus being used to inform posture, policy and ...


2

In Christian usage the word 'mainline' (or "mainstream') means exactly what the dictionary says. It means one of the large, organized denominations. It is often modified, so "mainline Protestant" would mean one of the large organized Protestant denominations. You might talk about "mainline Latter-day Saints" to mean the main body of LDS and exclude fringe ...


2

Did Rome prefer that Catholic clergy not work for national governments? The short answer is historically possibly yes and no, but in modern times it is a definitely yes. Things have changed over the centuries and Rome has become more explicit and demanding as to what or what not a Catholic priest may or may not do. The political situation in past ...


2

I decided to change my comment into an answer. Please be forgiving when I suggest that you need a thicker skin. The Church was much more politically active before 1980. Around that time, the IRS began cracking the whip about 501(c)3 non-profit organizations dabbling in politics and the Church changed its general policies to reflect that. In our modern "...


1

I believe the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops has anticipated your question to help Catholics to think about public policies and to vote accordingly within the United States political system. I can see how other current Western democracy-like political systems like those of Canada, Britain, and most European countries are covered by the ...


1

To the insane and mentally unstable or those they have terrorized or brainwashed, you can justify almost anything. I will take up this part of your question: How would you explain Exodus to these extremists so as to discourage this kind of justification? First, Moses, Aaron, and the people of Israel DID NOTHING except believe (and paint their doorposts ...


1

I can't find any surveys that asked Americans about dispensational belief directly. Dispensational theology is mainstream in evangelical Protestant circles, though being an evangelical doesn't necessarily mean one believes in premillenial dispensationalism. Many people probably do not have fixed theological positions, and cannot fairly be said either to ...


1

When I investigated this matter (at a time when my American Baptist church was exploring this in some depth), the conclusion to support the modern state of Israel rested upon these pillars: 1) A reading of Scripture 2) A view of eschatology 3) An interpretation of history 4) A decision to accept the modern state of Israel as the spiritual continuation of ...


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