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18

This view is based primarily on Matthew 16:18–19, in which Jesus says: And I tell you, you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. 19 I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven, and whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in ...


15

When Jesus first met Peter, he was known as "Simon, son of John". Simon was a fisherman as likely his father was and his father's father and so on. In eastern and middle-eastern cultures, a person's identity is much more closely associated with who his father is. Simon's identity as a fisherman was closely tied to who his father was. When Jesus calls ...


13

The idea of Peter at the gates of heaven with the keys has a long history that is sourced to the bible. Of course, as things go, sourcing alone and understanding the source may be two different things. Here is an example of the teaching in the 7th century at the Synod of Whitby over the argument about the Easter observance. (bold mine) The controversy [...


11

Based upon Paul's comment in 1 Corinthians 9:5, it would certainly seem logical to conclude that each of the Disciples had wives that traveled with them in ministry. Certainly we cannot conclude that each one did have a wife as a traveling companion but the statement certainly would cause us to conclude that many if not most did. If that be the case, I ...


10

Biblical The only Biblical information we have that Peter might have been in Rome is the cryptic reference in 1 Peter 5:13, "She who is in Babylon, chosen together with you, sends you her greetings, and so does my son Mark." If "Babylon" is the cryptic name for Rome, as is commonly claimed, then this might be the sole source of information from the Bible. ...


9

You're making the mistake of an argument from silence, because in spite of your assertion that "its clear" that Peter, James, and John witnessed more of Jesus' miracles, all we really know for sure is that we have records that Peter, James, and John are reported to have witnessed more miracles than the other disciples. The fact that the other followers of ...


9

Πέτρος (Petros) is simply Greek (naturally, because the New Testament was written in Greek) for the name Jesus actually gave him in Aramaic: כיפא (Kefa—Rock). In Greek, Kepha is transliterated (not translated) as Κηφᾶς (Kephas—a representation of the Aramaic name with the necessary Greek grammar 'salting'), but is sometimes translated into the Greek, and so ...


9

The Bible does not mention Peter as ever going to Rome, and there is no early Christian record of this being the case. Even at the end of the first century, the author of 1 Clement appears unaware that St. Peter ever came to Rome. Written from Rome, 1 Clement mentions Peter's 'many labours' and makes a general comment about Peter's death, without mentioning ...


9

Reading related passages helps to understand Scripture; the sin was pride. Peter's denying Jesus is set up by something that happened previous to that infamous denial during Jesus' night time interrogation. From the book of Matthew (26: 31-35): 31 Then Jesus said to them, "This night all of you will have your faith in me shaken, for it is written: '...


8

As another answer alluded to, Jesus almost certainly was speaking Aramaic, not Greek when he spoke these words. As such, it is probably a mistake to automatically assume that Jesus was making a philosophical point by using two different words based on the Greek. Instead, we should see what explanations are available as to how the Greek came from the ...


8

Simon Peter's reaction was inline with his previous self-trusting and impulsive nature, a tendency to rely on self to do what seemed right, rather than a faith that relied on God's promises. This cumulated to the point where he denied the Lord three times, having relied on his own abilities. It was not until the rooster struck that he finally recognized his ...


7

Jesus was God and knew well the character and faults of Peter his disciple. The gospels give us a look at his impetuosity-asking Jesus 'if it is you, tell me to walk on the water', arrogance - wanting to call fire down from heaven, cowardice- denying the Lord, etc. None of the twelve apostles were perfect. One doubted, one betrayed, one denied and all of ...


7

This is one of those issues where Catholic sources will tend to say the Fathers obviously called Peter the foundation of the Church (and supply quotes to prove it) and Protestant sources will tend to say they obviously did not (and likewise supply quotes to prove it). To get the full picture, you need to look at sources from both sides of the debate. An ...


6

I assume that your question is not about the exact usage or origin of the phrase First Among Equals rather the primacy of the bishop of Rome. i.e., The office of the bishop of Rome is considered preeminent. The Orthodox Churches did not begin to assert this title after the Schism nor did the Catholic Church reject it after it. Both the churches always ...


6

My answer may be simplistic, but sometimes even the most profound concepts can be laid out in terms that even a child can understand. (Does my assertion remind you of someone who spoke of the necessity of becoming as a child to enter the kingdom of heaven? Could it have been--oh, I don't know . . . Jesus?) Jesus changed Simon Bar-Jonah's name to Peter (...


6

The source of this tradition is the words of Jesus in Matthew 16:18, which I reprint in the context of Matthew 16:13-18, to allow a comparison with Mark's slightly earlier version ofthe same event: When Jesus went into the region of Caesarea Philippi 9 he asked his disciples, "Who do people say that the Son of Man is?" They replied, "Some say John the ...


6

Was Peter ever in Rome and did he die there? There is no doubt that Matthew's Gospel tells us that Jesus nominated Peter as the rock on which he would build his church. So, whatever city could claim Peter as its patron would have a huge advantage over other cities in the Christian world. Tradition has credited various of the apostles with remaining a a ...


6

And how exactly would you rather have him start ? (Acts 2:22) Men of Israel, listen to this message: Jesus of Nazareth was a GOD certified by God to you by miracles, wonders, and signs, which God did among you through Him, as you yourselves know. Don't you recall what happened the last time around ? (John 5:17-18) Jesus answered them: My Father works ...


5

Comparing Acts 1:15-20, particularly vs. 20, with Psalm 109:6-20 demonstrates that Judas was married and that he had several children. The passage in Psalm 109 is not hyperbole; it is meant to be literal. Judas had a wife and several children. If Judas had children and was away from home for 3 1/2 years being trained for future ministry just like the ...


5

Perhaps the first failure in the churches was that of hypocrisy (Acts 5:1-11). Hypocrisy is a matter of pretending to be somebody in order to get a name that they may have vainglory. It could be ambition was the seed of the failures in the churches. Ananias and his wife Sapphira was probably seeking a position. They wanted to be somebody and to have a name ...


5

Proximity (Luk 22:54) Then took they him, and led him, and brought him into the high priest's house. And Peter followed afar off. This is the question. He followed, from some distance. (Luk 22:55) And when they had kindled a fire in the midst of the hall, and were set down together, Peter sat down among them. The gap is narrowed here. What was the ...


5

The first part of this answer comes from Calvin's Commentaries on 2 Peter 1:1-4. Before we can address verse 4 we need to deal with the first three verses to put everything into context: Simon Peter, a servant and an apostle of Jesus Christ, to them that have obtained like precious faith with us through the righteousness of God and our Saviour Jesus ...


4

A lot of the evidence is circumstantial, so it's probably a matter of opinion whether it's convincing or not: The bones that are thought to be St. Peter's were found near a grave under the current high alter of the Basilica - a location that's long been considered St. Peter's grave. There are written records that indicate that ~160 AD there was a shrine ...


4

Why did Jesus favor Peter, James and John more than the other disciples? I believe Jesus was doing this in order to 'model the mission'. I'm referring to the Great Commission: 19 Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, 20 and teaching them to obey everything I have ...


4

The key to the answer to your question is in verses; Acts 5:3 and 4 But Peter said, "Ananias, why has Satan filled your heart to lie to the Holy Spirit and keep back part of the price of the land for yourself? 4 While it remained, was it not your own? And after it was sold, was it not in your own control? Why have you conceived this thing in your heart? ...


4

As I stated in an answer to an entirely different question, the Catholic Church distinguishes between three types of beliefs which Catholics must hold. In 1998, the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith (CDF) issued a document stating and clarifying these types of beliefs, and noting the consequences for failing to assert them. Briefly, it notes that ...


4

One might argue that a "two-fold" sin occurred; one of pride (Peter's boasting) and one of fear (failure to trust God). John was present at the chief priest's house and did not deny his discipleship, but still lived to witness the crucifixion. But Peter essentially lied with an oath (which Jesus had strictly forbidden, Matt 5:34-36), "Again he denied it ...


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