18 votes
Accepted

Do Calvinists believe they know whether they are saved?

Calvinists indeed believe they can only make educated guesses about others; if someone you thought was saved falls away, the conclusion is they were never actually saved. But Calvinism teaches that "...
13 votes

Do Catholics subscribe to the "once saved, always saved" doctrine that many evangelical Christians believe in?

A baptized Catholic would understand "accepting Jesus" as meaning professing the (Catholic) Faith; he would interpret "repenting of one's sins" as receiving absolution from a priest in the sacrament ...
  • 35.7k
11 votes

Do Catholics subscribe to the "once saved, always saved" doctrine that many evangelical Christians believe in?

Actually Catholics would have to assent to the statement that "once saved, [one is] always saved" (I'll refer to this belief as "OSAS" for short). The difference is in when Catholics believe one is ...
  • 18.3k
10 votes
Accepted

How do "once saved, always saved" advocates explain the Parable of the Sower?

As expected, "once saved, always saved" advocates (I'll use "reformed" as shorthand for this) generally agree that both the second and third types of soil represent people who were ...
8 votes
Accepted

What is the/any Arminian/Catholic interpretation of Hebrews 10:14?

In paragraph 480 of St. Thomas Aquinas' Commentary on the Epistle to the Hebrews, he explains that the way sacrifice was done in the past was to wipe out past sins. The people sinned, and then a ...
  • 416
6 votes
Accepted

From a Lutheran perspective, does Hebrews 6 mean that some who fall away can never be restored?

Paul Kretzmann, the son of a Lutheran pastor, wrote his Popular Commentary of the Bible, which "has been a favorite among confessional Lutherans since publication of the first volume in 1921.&...
6 votes
Accepted

Perseverance of the Saints – Historical Interpretations before Calvin

To briefly summarize, in Calvinism, the central point of the doctrine of the "perseverance of the saints" is that those whom God has saved can never permanently fall away. Some implications ...
6 votes

How do reformed theologians reconcile John 15:2 with “once saved always saved"?

Within that sentence are two statements. The first is that the Father (who is the vine-dresser) will take away the branch that does not bear fruit. The second is that the Father will prune the ...
  • 26.5k
5 votes
Accepted

Can a person lose salvation if publicly denies Jesus but keeps living a christian life? (Catholic)

There is a few things to consider in order for the answer to make sense: We have multiple opportunities while we are alive to repent, be forgiven, fall into sin, learn from our mistakes, repent again,...
  • 429
5 votes

How do "once saved, always saved" advocates explain the Parable of the Sower?

(I know the question says good answers will have references from published commentaries; I may look for some later when I get the chance to go to my college library, but for now this answer will be my ...
  • 19.1k
5 votes

What is the biblical basis for the doctrine of Eternal Security?

Oh, how I dislike the expression "once saved always saved"! It gives a wrong impression that if you just make some sort of “sinners prayer” and ask Jesus to accept you (like you’re doing ...
  • 26.5k
5 votes

How do reformed theologians reconcile John 15:2 with “once saved always saved"?

The whole vine analogy loses a lot when separated by centuries of non-agricultural life. This is not primarily a scientific description of salvation but a spiritual description of the kingdom of ...
  • 12.4k
5 votes
Accepted

How do people who hold salvation as a one time event respond to passages of "being saved"?

Allow me to refer to John Stott - 'Why I Am a Christian,' (IVP, 2003) p. 87 (a riposte to Bertrand Russell's earlier work, 'Why I Am Not a Christian.') I have been saved – in the past – from the ...
  • 26.5k
4 votes
Accepted

How do the proponents of the idea that salvation once received cannot be lost explain Hebrews 6:4-6 and 10:26-29?

The sin referred to is not sin in general, but going back to animal sacrifices, after the ultimate sacrifice of Christ on the cross. See earlier in the chapter, as to what the Jewish priests were ...
4 votes

To "once saved always saved" advocates, what does it mean that church leaders "keep watch over our souls"?

Because although Christians cannot lose their salvation, they can still appear before the Lord in shame rather than in confidence (1 John 2:28). The good shepherds who watch over the flock want them ...
  • 7,500
4 votes
Accepted

Do most Advent Christians hold to eternal security?

I know this is late but I will try to answer. No, there is no predominant belief among Advent Christian Churches as to perseverance of the saints. This is strange because even though the majority of ...
4 votes

What is the Reformed Protestant Interpretation of 1 Timothy 1:19 in relation to “eternal security”?

To be shipwrecked in regard to the faith is not necessarily to be damned. It will, certainly, make the person professing Christian faith become totally unsure of their salvation, but if they (like the ...
  • 20.9k
3 votes
Accepted

Limited Atonement and Perseverance of the Saints in Light of 1 Corinthians 8:11 (Calvinism)

There are two common approaches to dealing with this challenge. I'll quote from Calvinists Robert Reymond for the first, and Charles Hodge for the second. That "ruin" (apollymi) here does ...
3 votes

Limited Atonement and Perseverance of the Saints in Light of 1 Corinthians 8:11 (Calvinism)

The answer to Paul's question : Shall the weak brother perish ? (I Corinthians 8:11 - KJV - απολειται ο ασθενων αδελφος) is ... no he shall not perish. The reason that the weak brother will not ...
  • 20.7k
3 votes

Do Calvinists believe they know whether they are saved?

Five-pointer Calvinists know that they are saved.1 John 5:13 says we may know that we have eternal life because of the assurance that we have in the written word. 1 John 5:13(ESV) 13 I write ...
  • 6,333
3 votes
Accepted

Does the parable of the Unforgiving Servant have implications re: "once saved, always saved"?

What the parable teaches Jesus's parables are not comprehensive systematic theology lectures. They teach particular things through analogies but without telling the whole story. What this parable ...
  • 19.1k
3 votes

How do reformed theologians reconcile John 15:2 with “once saved always saved"?

Just the idea of remaining should clarify that a person can be once there on the vine but be pruned off, because they themselves rejected what they formerly had and didn't produce fruit. Matthew 7:...
  • 31
3 votes

What is the Reformed Interpretation of Galatians 5:4?

The Reformed Protestant interpretation of Galatians 5:4 is simple and straightforward, and I will provide extracts from two Reformed ministers. However, what confuses me is your attempt to link this ...
  • 26.5k
2 votes

How do the proponents of the idea that salvation once received cannot be lost explain Hebrews 6:4-6 and 10:26-29?

I've heard Hebrews 6:6 explained by Dr. David L. Allen. He has written extensively on Atonement. Summarizing points below: To the Calvinist Hebrews 6:6 refers to the false convert; to the Arminian ...
  • 41
2 votes

What is the biblical basis for the doctrine of Eternal Security?

In ancient days when an agreement was enacted between two parties in which one or both make promises under oath to perform or refrain from certain actions, such an agreement is translated to us in ...
  • 12.4k
2 votes

To "once saved always saved" advocates, what does it mean that church leaders "keep watch over our souls"?

To those who believe in the perseverance of the saints, "keeping watch over your souls" does not imply "preventing your soul from falling into eternal damnation." Matthew Henry interprets the phrase ...
2 votes

Do Catholics subscribe to the "once saved, always saved" doctrine that many evangelical Christians believe in?

A few points I'd like to mention as well: When you confess your sins to a priest, the priest is acting as a representative of Christ to forgive your sins. He has the power to forgive sins that are ...
2 votes

How do "once saved, always saved" advocates explain the Parable of the Sower?

As with all Scripture it is not possible to take only a part of Jesus teachings alone and understand Salvation, but all of his teachings are a part of gaining access to the Kingdom. Otherwise Jesus ...
  • 13.2k
2 votes

Is it true that no post-apostolic theologians before St. Augustine believed in Eternal Security / Assurance of Salvation?

Literally none of those quotes from the Fathers come close to proving eternal security. People are trying to read into the Fathers what they themselves already believe. Just for example: Augustine: “...

Only top scored, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible