21

Technically, the first ecclesiastical authority to say that heretics should be persecuted was Pope Gregory IX in 1229. The first Church Father to say that heretics should be compelled to recant would be Augustine around 400 AD. The first heretic actually put to death (385AD) was killed by the Emperor - and the Pope was very annoyed at the development. It ...


8

To the question, "When did the Church stop executing people" I answer that is a false premise. Probably akin to "when did you stop beating your wife?" To the question, "Can a reasonable differentiation be made between the actions of the state acting in the name of religion and the policies of the religion proper?" I suggest that you look into emperor Otto ...


6

The first person formally condemned to death by the papacy was Arnold of Brescia (c. 1090 – June 1155), an Italian canon regular from Lombardy. He called on the Church to renounce property ownership and participated in the failed Commune of Rome. Exiled at least three times and eventually arrested, Arnold was hanged by the papacy, then was burned ...


4

As I said in the answer to the question you have quoted, Catholic Church did not execute people. It was the secular authorities, who were afraid that heretics would be cause of an insurrection, executed them. The main aim of the inquisition was not to put people to death but to save them from their executioners. It was the secular authorities who stopped ...


2

The Catholic church stopped sanctioning these executions when State laws stopped sanctioning it. It is similar to how Jewish high priests stopped handing over Christian heretics to the state when the Romans made it illegal to persecute Christians. The influence of the Catholic church over the state declined starting with the French Revolution. In 1798 with ...


2

It appears that this change was not originally on the part of the Church, but on the part of the governments on whom the Church had to rely to carry out the secular sentences (the executions). As I recall, it wasn't until this century that the Catholic Church stopped saying that the governments of historically Christian nations had a responsibility to hunt ...


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