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Before Christ, people were saved by believing in God's promise of the Messiah who was to come, as we are saved by believing in the Messiah who has come. Hebrews 11:39-40 (ESV) And all these [Old Testament saints], though commended through their faith, did not receive what was promised, since God had provided something better for us, that apart from ...


34

There are many separate views to the matter. I'll try to list the most common ones, along with sources (at the end of each section). I'll first just describe the views briefly; the sources are available for those more interested. Catholic The Catholic Church teaches that the Law of Moses (the Old Law) is a preparation for the Gospel, and as such no longer ...


32

The answer from aceinthehole is on the right track, but here is the key. Hebrews 10:4 (NIV) It is impossible for the blood of bulls and goats to take away sins. @Caleb, you are definitely onto something, because this verse clearly tells us that nobody in the old testament was actually saved through the law. Hebrews 10:1 (NIV) The law is ...


27

YES, there are! The footnote in my NLT Bible for Acts 11:1 has a list of Old Testament verses that say that salvation is for all people, not just the Jews. Below, I've reproduced the list and for two of them, I've directly quoted them because they're the clearest and most direct with regards to this topic. Genesis 12:3 Psalm 22:27 Isaiah 42:4 Isaiah 49:6 ...


23

The New Testament frequently states that Jesus rose from the dead. This presumes that, yes, Jesus was fully dead at some point. Before Jesus, of course there wasn't a heaven, just a place of the dead referred to "Hades" or "hell" (as you acknowledge). As Jesus had died, he went there. Jesus preached the Gospel to the dead (1 Peter 4:6) and those that were ...


21

A convention in many Bibles is to do exactly as you say - convert the Tetragrammaton (YHWH) into LORD. To be sure, you should look at your Bible's preface. In the New Testament, which was composed in Greek, the word Kurios (e.g. Kyrie Elesion) is a title as opposed to a Proper Name. To be clear: יהוה (Yahweh) = LORD - specific name, אֲדֹנָי (Adonai) = ...


20

This was actually addressed pretty explicitly early on, and doesn't require all that much interpretation. In Acts chapter 15, the apostles and elders of the church held a council to determine the answer to this exact question. When they reached an answer, they claimed it had the sanction of the Holy Ghost, so their answer is to be understood as divine ...


20

Oftentimes, the simplest answer is the correct one. So here's the obvious answer: He spoke and wrote in Hebrew because he was dealing with Hebrew-speaking people at the moment. Had God spoken to them in English, Latin, or Chinese, they would not have understood him! God, being omniscient, knows all human languages. This means that he has no trouble ...


20

"Why did God choose Israel?" appears as a common question among some Christians. For example, we had entire sermons for weeks based on this one question. Enough of that now; to the answer! God chose Israel because of His promise to Abraham. As a reward for Abraham's faith in the Lord, God said to him in Genesis 12:2-3: I will make you a great nation; I ...


17

The first five books are closely linked together - they are the "Torah" (Hebrew for "teaching" or "instruction") traditionally attributed to Moses. This explains why they can be called "The Five Books of Moses"; the Greek "Pentateuch" means "five books" and is another title for this section of the Bible. Calling the books after Moses makes sense, and avoids ...


16

Here's a list of several events just off the top of my head: capture/destruction of Jericho Othniel Gideon's 300 men against the Midianites Samson's final crush of the Philistines Elijah and the prophets of Baal As to why God didn't save them from some oppressors, one of the myriad instances of a single phrase in Judges shows why: Now the sons of Israel ...


16

Names were considered to be meaningful in some way. For example, the younger of Isaac's twin sons with Rebekah was named Jacob ("supplanter") because when he was born he was holding on to Esau's heel, as if attempting to overtake him. (Genesis 25: 24-26) After Jacob's wrestle with the angel, when he demanded a blessing from the Lord, the angel pronounced ...


15

Here is a partial answer... Matthew 27:52-53 52 and the graves were opened; and many bodies of the saints who had fallen asleep were raised; 53 and coming out of the graves after His resurrection, they went into the holy city and appeared to many. Here we have "saints" rising up, who had already died. Presumably these are righteous Jewish people, who ...


15

Since the fall of man, not that God revised and re-revised His plan of salvation over the ages for the fallen mankind. No. Salvation has always been the same—it is by God’s grace through faith which He planned right from the beginning to be achieved through the death of Christ. No one, either prior to the cross or since the cross, would ever be saved without ...


15

Paul gives us a pretty good answer to this in his letter to the church in Rome: "For whatever was written in earlier times was written for our instruction, so that through perseverance and the encouragement of the Scriptures we might have hope." Romans 15:4 NASB The Old Testament record reveals the character of God in many different ways. In it we see ...


14

It seems that the Second Person of the Trinity took on the name of Jesus when He entered into creation and was born of Mary. Prior to this, He was with the Father and the Spirit. When Jesus prays in John 17, He mentions the glory He had with the Father before the world began. And now, Father, glorify me in your presence with the glory I had with you ...


14

The answer to this question depends somewhat on the definition of "quoted," but we can draw some high-level conclusions. BlueLetterBible.org provides a list of New Testament citations and allusions to the Old Testament, and an examination of that dataset reveals the following: Book Direct/indirect citations Total citations & allusions ...


13

You can find your answer a few verses earlier in the same chapter: Matthew 5:17-18 17 Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfill. 18 For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled. The Law of Moses ...


13

Numbers 21:6-9 (NIV) 6 Then the LORD sent venomous snakes among them; they bit the people and many Israelites died. 7 The people came to Moses and said, “We sinned when we spoke against the LORD and against you. Pray that the LORD will take the snakes away from us.” So Moses prayed for the people. 8 The LORD said to Moses, “Make a snake and put it up ...


13

This lamentation/complaint against Israel's wickedness and their practices of sacrifice is interesting because it is not only found in Isaiah 66 (the last chapter) but also in Isaiah 1: 3 The ox knoweth his owner, and the ass his master's crib: but Israel doth not know, my people doth not consider. 4 Ah sinful nation, a people laden with iniquity, ...


13

The Old Testament is clear that only unintentional sins can be atoned for: One and the same law applies to everyone who sins unintentionally, whether a native- born Israelite or a foreigner residing among you. “‘But anyone who sins defiantly, whether native- born or foreigner, blasphemes the Lord and must be cut off from the people of Israel. (Numbers ...


12

Regardless of his faith, Abraham was still a man - he had not yet been perfected: he was still on his walk of progressive sanctification. The same question could be asked as to why David sinned with Bathsheba, or why Samson fell for Delilah. And any of countless more examples - the men and women portrayed in the Bible were not perfect (excepting Christ). ...


12

When David provoked the anger of God by counting the fighting men in Israel, the punishment was so severe. Then God commanded David to build an altar on the threshing floor of Araunah the Jebusite (1 Chronicles 21) to pray to the LORD to have mercy on Israel. David called on the Lord, and the Lord answered him with fire from heaven on the altar of burnt ...


12

You might like to take a look at the related questions What does the Bible have to say about dinosaurs? and Are Dinosaurs mentioned in the Bible? for some dinosaur-specific ideas; and Do Catholics consider Job to be historical? for, well, exactly what the question title says. Job is a bit of a tricky book in many ways. It is certainly held up as a ...


11

Well, the Apostle Paul specifically states that the things written in the past were for our instruction, for encouragement, and to give us hope. For whatever was written in former days was written for our instruction, that through endurance and through the encouragement of the Scriptures we might have hope. Romans 15:14 ESV Also, the Old Testament ...


11

It has more to do with the translators and languages than the bible itself. The word Testament is derived from Latin testamentum-a will. I understand you confuse it with the modern meaning of the word, but Blue Letter Bible tries to explain it as follows: The word "testament" is an old English word that means, "covenant." The Latin term testamentum was ...


11

Just because there was only one prophet does not mean there were no priests or followers - prophets were messengers from God, priests actually served in the Temple, and adherents, well, they adhered. In Isaiah, the notion of the Remnant God's select people who remain true even when most fall away is well understood. Additionally, it does not diminish the ...


11

The exact value of a "Sabbath day's walk" is 2,000 cubits, which works out to about 5/8 of a mile, or one kilometer. Commentator Craig S. Keener explains the logic and biblical basis: The figures were natural extrapolations from Exod 16:29 (one must not leave one's place on the Sabbath) and Num 35:5 (identifying one's place as 2,000 cubits square) [Acts, ...


10

Forgiveness Being "saved" is a Christian concept related to the forgiveness of sins. Prior to Christ, Salvation was being saved from Earthly (temporal) grief. So, the question, from a pre-Christ perspective, is more appropriately worded as "Who forgave sins before ~33AD?" Like today, sin was forgiven through sacrifice and repentance. The people were not ...


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