33

If I might put this in simple language, the Trinitarian position is that there is one God, and he exists in three persons. It is entirely correct, grammatically and philosophically, to refer to God in the singular pronoun. He is One. This is true even if he consists of Father, Son and Holy Spirit. It is worth pointing out that the English language (and any ...


25

Jesus definitely ate lamb because lamb is eaten at the Passover festival. Then came the day of Unleavened Bread on which the Passover lamb had to be sacrificed. Jesus sent Peter and John, saying, “Go and make preparations for us to eat the Passover.” (Luke 22:7-8, NIV) A goat could also be used instead of a sheep for the Passover. The animals you ...


23

There was no mandate that the gospels should appear in the order they were written once they were gathered into a collection. This is true of the rest of the New Testament as well. The order is the gospel accounts, the history of the early church, the letters of Paul to churches, to people, letters by other apostles, and prophecy. So, there ...


18

Part of the confusion as modern readers is that we miss what the Pharisees meant when they referenced "the Law." For the Pharisees, "the Law" had two parts. There was the "Written Law" (תורה שבכתב), and there was the "Oral Law" (תורה שבעל פה), which they claimed was also given to Moses at Mt. Sinai. You can read more about this in the Mishnah. The Old ...


18

It's because the early church fathers thought that Matthew was written first. This is known as the Augustinian Hypothesis, and its namesake, Augustine, writes: Now, those four evangelists whose names have gained the most remarkable circulation over the whole world [...] are believed to have written in the order which follows: first Matthew, then Mark, ...


17

1. The Jews persecuted Christians for Blasphemy From the perspective of the High Priest, the followers of the Way were violating the primary profession of the Jewish Faith: "Hear O Israel, the Lord your God is One." Jesus, in claiming to be God, was, according to the High Priest, blaspheming. Those who followed him would, to the Jewish mind, have been ...


16

Survey of Roman law A now deleted (near) duplicate of this question asked if a claim that the Roman law forbid the crucifixion of thieves, so I'll start with that question, which is highly relevant to our exegesis of the Gospel accounts. There are a lot of claims on the Internet and in popular-level books about Roman crucifixion. Some common claims included ...


15

1 Corinthians 11: 23-26 For I received from the Lord what I also handed on to you, that the Lord Jesus, on the night he was handed over, took bread, and, after he had given thanks, broke it and said, “This is my body that is for you. Do this in remembrance of me.” In the same way also the cup, after supper, saying, “This cup is the new covenant in my blood....


14

The closest I can think of to a passage that directly talks about Jesus eating meat is where he is described as eating a Passover meal. (Matthew 26, Mark 14, Luke 22). A Passover meal would have included meat. That may not be direct enough for you. Even if no such mention is made, it is important not to draw any excessive conclusions from this. A non-...


14

The Christian who experiences the presence of the Holy Spirit within himself, that is to say within his own spirit, experiences the fact of unity of spirit - that unity of person which joins himself with the Divine Person of the Holy Spirit. ... he that is joined unto the Lord is one spirit. [1 Corinthians 6:17 KJV.] Thus, without (by record) and within (...


12

It's not in the New Testament, but I would be more surprised if it was found in the New Testament. The compilers of the New Testament were obviously not concerned with revealing the deepest mysteries of God (see comment for clarification), but rather, were focused on documenting the life and ministry of Jesus Christ and His Apostles. Most of the New ...


12

There are two places in scripture where people are surprised to discover that Jesus is in a house, probably his or his family's. The first place is where Mary and Joseph are living when the wise men follow the star to them. Jesus is not an infant at this point, but a 'young child' (2 years approx., according to Herod's death warrant) and the wise men ...


11

The dating of the New Testament is a matter of some controversy, so there is no consensus answer to the question of which ones were written after the destruction of the temple. (The Old Testament books were of course written well before). No New testament documents make clear reference to the destruction of the temple. Some appear to prophecy the ...


10

As others have noted, dates of the writing of New Testament books are disputed. Let me use F. F. Bruce's "The New Testament Documents" as my major source here. This page -- http://www.freebeginning.com/new_testament_dates/ -- also gives dates, though some of these are rather earlier than the dates I've usually heard. Without getting into all the arguments ...


10

Old Testament The Dead Sea Scrolls currently housed in the Israeli Dead Sea Scroll museum and available online, is a collection of 972 manuscripts from the period 408 - 308 BC. Seeing as the Old Testament itself consists of books written between 1000 - 600 BC and the late 450s, this is a pretty good collection. There are others, but this is the most well-...


10

The New Testament does not give us a method for receiving the gift of tongues. On the contrary, we are taught that the Holy Spirit distributes various gifts according to His own will. Thus, it may not be His will that you or me receive the gift of tongues. The twelfth chapter of 1 Corinthians is the key text on all of this: 4 Now there are varieties of ...


10

That the wise men did not arrive until Jesus was a child and no longer an infant is derived from several Scriptures, particularly in Matthew. Matthew chapter 2: KJV 8 And he sent them to Bethlehem, and said, Go and search diligently for the young child; and when ye have found him, bring me word again, that I may come and worship him also. 9 When they had ...


10

I believe you are thinking of Luke 19:40: ‘I tell you [Pharisees],’ he [Jesus] replied, ‘if they [His disciples] keep quiet, the stones will cry out.’ Other passages that refer to the witness of creation include Psalm 19 and Romans 1:20.


10

It is impossible to know for sure without asking the person that said it, but I believe it is most likely, given her description of the individual in question, the historical time frame and the context of the discussion, that she was speaking of a man named Marcion. Who was Marcion? For the first hundred years or so of the Christian faith, documents like ...


10

There are no explicit references to exorcism in the OT. However, in a possible foreshadowing of Christ, David caused an evil spirit to depart from Saul multiple times by playing the harp (1 Sam 16, 18, 19). Some view the NT exorcism accounts as evidence of an increased attempt by Satan to thwart God's plan to redeem the world through Jesus.


9

The gift of tongues is just one of many spiritual gifts. The Bible provides examples of many people throughout history who had been imparted with various Spiritual gifts. For instance, Isaac had the gift of granting blessings (Gen 27). Balaam had the gift of cursing (Num 22). Daniel (Dan 2) and Joseph (Gen 40) had the gift of interpreting dreams. Elisha ...


9

Words of Jesus' Ministry In Acts 20:35, Luke quotes Paul as quoting Jesus, but the original quote is not attested in any of the four gospels. (Though that doesn't mean Jesus didn't say it.) By all these things, I have shown you that by working in this way we must help the weak, and remember the words of the Lord Jesus that he himself said, 'It is more ...


9

This question already has a lot of answers, but I feel like the most basic answer is missing! The answer is yes, and we need look no further than the Bible. Titus himself was a gentile convert. We learn this in Galatians 2 Galatians 2:3 nkjv - Yet not even Titus who was with me, being a Greek, was compelled to be circumcised. For the sake of being concise, ...


9

It's a corollary of the Protestant doctrine of the clarity or perspicuity of scripture, that the essentials of faith are explained in the scriptures so clearly that anyone can understand them. As the Westminster Confession says WCF 1.7: All things in Scripture are not alike plain in themselves, nor alike clear unto all; yet those things which are necessary ...


8

If you read the account in Luke 2:1-20, you'll find no mention of Magi at the manger, just shepherds. There, Jesus is born in Bethlehem. In Matthew 2:1-18, we find the Magi arriving at Jerusalem, from the scribes there they find out the scripture which places the Messiah in Bethlehem (2:5-6), and follow the star, which is low enough to appear over a ...


8

The clearest reference comes in the gospel of Luke, after the resurrection of Jesus. This is important to the doctrine that Jesus actually rose bodily--not just spiritually. They gave him a piece of broiled fish, 43 and he took it and ate before them. Luke 24:43-43 ESV Of course, he also ate the Passover meal, which contained lamb. (I guess you said "...


8

I don't know if you intend to place restrictions on what constitutes "quoting Jesus" (compared to the Gospels or Acts), but these instances are at least Paul attributing commands or words to him. 1 Corinthians 7:10-11 (NASB) But to the married I give instructions, not I, but the Lord, that the wife should not leave her husband (but if she does leave, ...


8

In Peter's sermon at Pentecost he accuses the members of his audience of delivering up Jesus to be crucified: "Men of Israel, hear these words: Jesus of Nazareth, a man attested to you by God with mighty works and wonders and signs that God did through him in your midst, as you yourselves know—this Jesus, delivered up according to the definite plan ...


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