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15

[...] MONASTIC STYLES Both men and women traditionally had their hair cut or removed in specific ways when they entered a monastery or convent. These haircuts symbolized religious devotion, group identity, and humility as well as the renunciation of worldly things and personal vanity. The practice may relate to ancient rites in which people in various ...


15

Luther and Calvin Protestant negativity toward monasticism can be traced back to the Reformers, particularly Martin Luther. Luther was himself a monk, and after his conversion, he became progressively more opposed to the practice. In 1537, he wrote that monastic vows "must be absolutely abolished." He also frequently and enthusiastically attacked ...


11

From Roman Cholij's Priestly celibacy in patristics and in the history of the Church: Although perhaps strange to our own modern ways of thinking, absolute marital continence was far from unknown or unesteemed in patristic times. Tertullian, himself a married man, informs us in his Catholic period, of lay people who practise continence within marriage «...


10

In general, Baptists have historically harbored animosity towards anything that smacked of "papistry." Note, for example, John Bunyan's polemics in Pilgrims Progress. Add to that a fear of turning the Gospel into a "work," and you will see that it definitely goes against the grain of traditional Baptist upbringing. As always, with Baptists, nothing is ...


9

First of all, there is a difference between a monk, or a nun, and a person in consecrated life more generally: monks and nuns belong to cloistered orders and don't generally go "out into the world", whereas sisters and brothers belong to orders which do work "in the world". In either case, though, there is generally a process by which a person joins: ...


9

Monasticism is frequently associated with "the contemplative life", as opposed to "the active life". While there are many different kinds of monastics, an important subset is those who are chiefly engaged in maintaining a simple, prayerful life in an enclosed community, and are therefore found much more towards the contemplative end of the spectrum. The ...


8

Roman Catholic nuns consider themselves a "Bride of Christ," and as such wear a wedding ring. This of course assumes that the nun you saw was a Roman Catholic nun. Some nuns (or similar laity, such as Lutheran deaconesses) in other faiths are not bound by the same celibacy vows or simply do not wear wedding rings. More information: Wikipedia - Black Veil


7

While not specific to Queen Keran's situation, this section from Medievel English Nunneries 1 may provide some clues. Motives for taking the veil: a refuge for widows and occasionally for wives. The occasional cases in which wives left their husbands to enter a convent were less likely to provoke discord. Such women as left husband and children to ...


7

Hesychasm, one of the monastic traditions this question is about, is still practiced on the Greek peninsula, Mount Athos. For over a thousand years, monks have practiced the discipline of continual prayer and worship, which goes back at least as far as the 4th century Desert Fathers. And of course, the concept of praying continually goes back at least to ...


6

There are several different sets of rules for different communities of monks; and the specific penalties for the monks are dependent on the rule. Most communities of monks or nuns are governed by one of two sets of rules: the Rule of St. Augustine (of Hippo), and the Rule of St. Benedict (of Nursia). There are also governing documents such as the Statutes ...


5

Name changes in the Bible indicate a significant change in the life of the person. For example, Abram became Abraham. "No longer shall your name be Abram, but your name shall be Abraham; for I have made you the father of a multitude of nations." (Gen 17:5) Jacob became Israel. Then he said, "Your name shall no more be called Jacob, but Israel, ...


5

I suppose the answer depends entirely on how you define success. To be an authentic Hesychast monk, you would really need to move to Mt. Athos. But there's no reason you couldn't successfully integrate some Hesychast methods into your current life. In particular, contemplation, meditation and recital of the Jesus Prayer seems entirely within the reach ...


5

The first official stage of the religious life is the noviciate. Novices are not admitted to vows until they have successfully completed the prescribed period of training and proving, called the novitiate. This usually lasts one year. This is the period that the member of a religious community undergoes prior to taking vows (poverty, chastity and obedience) ...


5

"Black Canons" is another name for Augustinian canons regular. They are "black" because of their habit, according to the OED: black canon n. [from the colour of the habit worn; compare post-classical Latin canon niger (c 1220)] now chiefly hist. a canon regular of St Augustine (see note at canon n.2 1). Canons regular are Priests who are bound by ...


4

Do all nuns wear these symbolic wedding bands? If not, is this practice limited to certain religious orders? Rings may be worn by some members of female Catholic religious institutions or Religious Orders. The privilege also extends to Consecrated Virgins living in the world. In 1963 the Second Vatican Council requested a revision of the rite of the ...


3

The quotation comes from the beginning of Chapter 4 of the Rule, where St. Benedict lists the "instruments of good works". The list begins by quoting several of the commandments: In the first place, to love the Lord God with the whole heart, the whole soul and the whole strength. Then one’s neighbour as if oneself. Then, not to kill. Not ...


3

A monk is not "married" to his monastery in any sense at all, so there is nothing to be annulled. If a monk wishes to leave the monastery, he can ask for an "indult of exclaustration" (canon 686 section 1), which can be granted by either the bishop or the pope, depending on what kind of religious institute ("order") the monk is in. Once the monk is granted ...


3

Depending upon your usage of the word "monasticism" may render your question void. There are many Protestant groups who choose to 1) Live communally, 2) Bind themselves by communal rules, 3) Dedicate their community unto the service of the Lord and the help of the poor. Consider this article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Monasticism#...


3

The Catechism of the Catholic Church has the following to say about consecrated life in general (i.e. professing vows to live in a more dedicated expression of faith, as with friars, monks, sisters, and nuns). Emphasis mine: 916 The state of consecrated life is thus one way of experiencing a "more intimate" consecration, rooted in Baptism and dedicated ...


3

I don't recall this story, but that doesn't mean anything. The full text of the alphabetical collection of the Sayings of the Desert Fathers appears to be available here. As far as I can tell, it is a verbatim version of the Cistercian Publications 1975 edition (at least the Indices seem to match). The Evergetinos is an arrangement of teachings on various ...


3

From what I've read, I think that the wedding band given to a consecrated religious sister is given to her for the same reason it is given to a married laywoman. Womanhood is fulfilled quite as perfectly in a life of virginal chastity as in human marriage. And that is why the Church's ancient and elaborate ceremonial for the consecration of virgins has ...


3

The monastic name is given at the Small Schema tonsuring by the person that performs it (a bishop or an abbot). It is him that chooses this name. He may or may not consult the monk himself or his community about it. The names don't have to be Greek. But they should be the names of existing saints or ones that relate to some Truths of Faith. The name is ...


3

Actually, Orthodox nuns (and monks) have vows of celibacy also: The monastic vows are essentially not different from those taken at baptism, with the exception of the vow of celibacy. (Source: Orthodox Christian Monasticism) And they do not wear rings, since they believe Christ to have one Bride, the Church. For example, see these pictures: (source:...


3

Monasticism was unknown until the end of the third century. Paul expressed that he preferred celibacy, but there was no "command from the Lord" to remain unmarried. (Simon) Peter, according to Catholic tradition the first Pope, was himself married. Luke 4:38 And he arose out of the synagogue, and entered into Simon's house. And Simon's wife's mother was ...


3

To answer the O.P.'s question directly, the maximum penalty for breaking monastic vows is essentially expulsion from the monastery (which entails a dispensation from the vows). For the benefit of readers, in the Catholic Church, “monks” are those men who live in a monastic community, which entails a certain separation from the world and a dedication to ...


3

According to what I read from saints, you don't have to be a monk to get some gifts like prayer of heart or the seeing of uncreated light. The man from The Way of a Pilgrim wasn't a monk. Also I read about one of Optina Elders teaching a prayer of heart some sheperd girl. However the idea of achieving these gifts while not being orthodox is strange. And how ...


3

Who were the Black Canons on the Augustinian Priory of Inchmahome in Scotland? The Priory of Inchmahome was founded in 1238 by the Earl of Menteith, Walter Comyn, for a small community of the Augustinian order also called the Black Canons because of the color of their habits. What are Canon Regulars? Priests who are bound by religious vows and who live ...


2

What part do Monks play in the Christian church? This is a great question and one that I was unaware had been posted before; otherwise I would have answered it before now. It is more the up to the individual who joins a particular monastery is fit for them. Each monastery has a unique chrism and gifts they offer to the Church. Monks live their lives ...


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