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What is the basis for saying that Aquinas accepted the Immaculate Conception?

St. Thomas's views on the Immaculate Conception went through three phases.cf. also ch. 2, art. 2, § "St. Thomas and the Immaculate Conception" of Mother of the Saviour and Our Interior Life by Fr. ...
Geremia's user avatar
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7 votes
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When and how can a pope revoke the decrees of an ecumenical council?

Faith and Morals/Discipline Gregory X, to avoid a repetition of the too lengthy vacancies of the papal see, caused it to be decided that the cardinals should not leave the conclave till the pope ...
Sola Gratia's user avatar
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7 votes
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How was Queen Keran, wife of Leo II of Armenia, able to become a nun?

While not specific to Queen Keran's situation, this section from Medievel English Nunneries 1 may provide some clues. Motives for taking the veil: a refuge for widows and occasionally for wives. ...
Stephen's user avatar
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6 votes
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What was the basis for saying that 11th-century Greek churches were "rebaptizing" Latins?

Some Greeks were rebaptizing Latins. While this does not seem to have been the universal position of the Orthodox Church in XI Century, some of the Eastern clergy objected to the Latin method of ...
bradimus's user avatar
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6 votes

Why were Pseudo-Dionysius's works accepted as authentic for so long?

I think that a distinction needs to be drawn between authentic in the sense that the works were historically authentic (i.e. indeed written by the Dionysius of Acts) and authentic in the sense that ...
guest37's user avatar
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6 votes
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How did Pope Urban II justify the first Crusade?

It is true that in the Ten Commandments we read that it is not permitted to kill. But we do have a duty to protect ourselves and our neighbors in times of war or persecution. The helpless needed to be ...
Ken Graham's user avatar
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6 votes
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Historical Apologetic used by 7th Century Christians towards Early Muslims Regarding the Hypostatic Union and Jesus' Title "Son of God"

James White discusses this in What Every Christian Needs to Know About the Qur'an. Here is the relevant quote with some emphasis added: One early source, the Tanwīr al-Miqbās min Tafsīr Ibn ’...
Null's user avatar
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5 votes

What did the commisioning of the preaching of crusades involve?

It doesn't appear that there was a formal "commissioning" of any sort. Most of the information that follows is actually summarized from articles on Wikipedia (on Louis VII of France, Bernard of ...
Matt Gutting's user avatar
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5 votes

Were plenary indulgences issued during the crusades, as indicated by Dan Brown?

In the history of indulgences, the "Crusade Indulgence" is known as the first official plenary indulgence. Dan Brown's novel The Da Vinci Code certainly stated several untruths about the teachings of ...
Ken Graham's user avatar
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5 votes
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Who were the Black Canons on the Augustinian Priory of Inchmahome in Scotland?

"Black Canons" is another name for Augustinian canons regular. They are "black" because of their habit, according to the OED: black canon n. [from the colour of the habit worn; compare post-...
Geremia's user avatar
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4 votes

When and why did the Catholic Church stop the Crusades?

(TL;DR): Well, the Catholic Church didn't call a stop to the Crusades. It is the crusaders themselves who gave up after the failure of the siege of Tunis. As user13992 said, Crusades "stopping," we ...
Revolucion for Monica's user avatar
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Is Gertrude the Great's mariology considered erroneous in modern Catholicism?

Fergusson doesn't appear to understand Catholic mariology. Mary is not a "feminine expression of deity"; she is not a feminine aspect of God; she is not God, as Protestants often ...
Geremia's user avatar
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4 votes
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When was the tripartite (body, soul, and spirit) view of man officially rejected by a church council?

Ludwig Ott, Fundamentals of Catholic Dogma (Book 2, §14), directs us to relevant councils: 4th Council of Constantinople (869–70) 4th Lateran Council (1215) The first of these rejects the idea that ...
Nathaniel is protesting's user avatar
4 votes

Is the Church a business?

It is true that some organisations, historically, calling themselves by the name of Jesus Christ, have made a lot of money, have invested a lot of money and now own considerable wealth and property. ...
Nigel J's user avatar
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3 votes
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Was Emperor St. Justinian an Aphthartodocetist?

Historians widely agree that Justinian did indeed issue an edict imposing aphthartodocetism (the idea that Jesus's body was always incorruptible), citing the testimony you quoted from Evagrius ...
Nathaniel is protesting's user avatar
3 votes

What is an open atheist's fate in the Middle Ages in Christian Europe?

A noted scholar of Christianity, Alec Ryrie, in his lecture "How to be an Atheist in Medieval Europe" points out unbelief was not a hypothetical situation in Middle Ages. Though it's worth ...
curiositasisasinbutstillcuriou's user avatar
3 votes

How could a seventh-century heretic have possessed papal infallibility?

Everett Ferguson, in Church History, I, 17.I, summarizes Roman Catholic response to this question as follows: Roman Catholics have defended Honorius's orthodoxy (and so papal infallibility) by ...
Nathaniel is protesting's user avatar
3 votes
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What's the main contribution of William of Ockham?

William of Ockham was a Franciscan Friar who lived near the end of the medieval era, shortly after the life of St. Thomas Aquinas. His biggest contribution to philosophy is in the area of metaphysics, ...
jaredad7's user avatar
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3 votes
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Did John Wycliffe accept extreme unction?

To answer your question about 'extreme unction' Gillets summarizes it best under the phrase 'qualified sense' The seven sacraments of the church were all admitted, though in a qualified sense, by ...
Mike's user avatar
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3 votes
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What role do the people of Rome play in the election of a pope?

As described by Betterthan Kwora' s quote from Gibbons there was a time when the people of Rome were directly involved in Papal elections, but this ceased well before 1059. The last few popes prior ...
davidlol's user avatar
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3 votes

What role do the people of Rome play in the election of a pope?

I'm not knowledgeable about papal elections in 1059 or today, but Edward Gibbon's history has the following remark: The freedom of elections subsisted long after the legal establishment of ...
Betterthan Kwora's user avatar
3 votes

Are there any followers of Catharism today?

Yes, there are still some followers of Catharism in Italy who keep alive the dualist faith. http://catarismo.iobloggo.com/ http://dragovitsa.iobloggo.com/ Best wishes, Pietro
Pietro's user avatar
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3 votes

What were the doctrinal differences behind the Great Schism of 1054?

There are several doctrinal differences between the Western and Eastern Churches, but the filioque controversy is often cited as the cause of the Great Schism, resulting in the Eastern and Western ...
Lesley's user avatar
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3 votes
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What theological problem in the Henoticon triggered the excommunication of the Patriarch Acacius, by the Bishop of Rome in the fifth century?

Background: At the time in question, Western churchmen taught that Christ must be recognized as having "two natures" (divine and human) which were harmoniously combined in one person, ...
Dan Fefferman's user avatar
3 votes

Who were the Black Canons on the Augustinian Priory of Inchmahome in Scotland?

Who were the Black Canons on the Augustinian Priory of Inchmahome in Scotland? The Priory of Inchmahome was founded in 1238 by the Earl of Menteith, Walter Comyn, for a small community of the ...
Ken Graham's user avatar
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3 votes
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The Middle Ages as a Model for the Orderly Society?

A major book would be "The Reformers and their Stepchildren" by Leonard Verduin. The "Reformers" would be Luther, Zwingli, Melanchthon, Calvin, etc. The "Stepchildren" ...
Andrew Shanks's user avatar
3 votes
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Why were the mystical works of Richard of St. Victor called "Benjamin"?

Sharpe, A. (1912). Richard of St. Victor. In The Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. his mystical theology […] is mainly contained in the two books on mystical contemplation, ...
Geremia's user avatar
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3 votes

Did Christian church find it difficult to accept Nicolaus Copernicus' heliocentric theory?

There are 2 reasons why Church leaders at the times of Galileo and Copernicus did not accept their theories. The first was that it contradicted many theologians' and philosophers' understanding of ...
jaredad7's user avatar
  • 3,756
3 votes

Church Fathers on life beyond the earth?

Church Fathers on life beyond the earth? This is an exotheology topic as it deals with the examination of theological issues as they pertain to extraterrestrial intelligence. There are claims that ...
Ken Graham's user avatar
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3 votes

Best scholarship on Aquinas's birth date

Jean-Pierre Torrell, O.P., is the contemporary expert in St. Thomas’s biography. He writes, on Saint Thomas Aquinas: The Person and His Work p. 1: The date of Thomas’s birth has been calculated ...
Geremia's user avatar
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