38 votes
Accepted

What were Martin Luther's opinions on the Crusades?

Luther originally condemned the Church being involved in military conquests and advocated non-violence against Muslims Martin Luther first wrote about the Crusades, and general armed conflict against ...
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  • 6,167
21 votes
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Did Martin Luther accept or reject the existence of Purgatory?

Luther's beliefs on purgatory evolved over time. A quick search on the Internet will find people claiming he accepted purgatory, offering quotes to prove it, and others saying he rejected it, also ...
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  • 7,726
15 votes
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Did Martin Luther ever admit that his approval of Philip's bigamy was wrong?

Luther did not recant. From: John Alfred Faulkner, "Luther and the Bigamous Marriage of Philip of Hesse, The American Journal of Theology Vol. 17, No. 2 (Apr., 1913), pp. 206-231 (on pp. 228-9) - ...
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  • 3,548
14 votes

Why did Luther say "Sin boldy"?

For most of a year following his trial at Worms in April 1521, Martin Luther was in seclusion. During this time his associates at Wittenberg were implementing practical changes in the church there. ...
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  • 9,966
13 votes

When did Martin Luther lose his Apostolic succession according to Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Churchеs?

According to the Catholic Church, the short answer is that he never lost it. In fact, in the strict sense, Martin Luther never participated in apostolic succession to begin with. Apostolic succession ...
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13 votes

What Protestant arguments exist for the perpetual virginity of Mary?

Protestant arguments for the doctrine can be divided up into 3 categories. The Bible allows for it The bible does not indicate Mary had other children after Jesus. When Matthew 13:55 (as well as ...
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  • 1,133
12 votes
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Is Luther really the originator of "We are saved by faith alone, but the faith that saves is never alone"?

Calvin The first extant writing to contain the phrase is John Calvin's Antidote to the Council of Trent (1547). First, for context, Calvin was responding to Canon 11 of the sixth session of the ...
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11 votes

Did Martin Luther really nail his 95 Theses to the church door?

Martin Luther, we know from his own writings, was clearly neither a fanatic nor a protester. His sensible and restrained attitude to the Iconoclasts (see other question and answer) demonstrates this. ...
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10 votes

What did Luther have against Zwingli?

He was offended by Zwingli's conception of the Lord's Supper and he did not approve of Zwingli's followers' propensity for violence in defense of the faith. Zwingli believed that when the Lord said "...
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10 votes
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How did Martin Luther justify the separation from the Catholic Church?

Martin Luther had not intended to separate from the Catholic Church. His 95 theses, and his conduct immediately after he posted them, were intended to achieve reform in the Catholic Church. When he ...
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9 votes
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Martin Luther Quotes Regarding Hebrew

Between August and November 1532 Luther delivered a series of lectures on psalm 45, part of a longer series on selected psalms. Rorer took notes, using shorthand and these were later published, ...
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  • 7,118
8 votes
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Was Martin Luther a Rosicrucian?

Both Luther and the Rosicrucians have written about what the emblems represent, and the explanations differ quite a bit. In a 1530 letter to Lazarus Spengler, Luther wrote: Such a heart should ...
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8 votes
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Did Martin Luther effectively teach that our justification is like white snow covering over dung?

According to this article: Has Martin Luther's "Snow-Covered Dunghill" Mystery-Legend Been Solved?! the answer to the question is, "No, he did not say that, but it sounds like something he would have ...
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  • 8,765
8 votes
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When did Martin Luther begin to see the church as entirely apostate?

The best source I have that actually does the homework necessary to trace the historical timeline of Luther's theology as well as the timing of its appearance into the world at large is in well ...
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8 votes
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Why did Luther not support iconoclasm like some other reformers?

Luther's own words on the subject are quoted in: The Third Sermon, March 11, 1522, Tuesday after Invocavit In his sermon on 'How Christians should regard Moses' Luther makes it clear that he does ...
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8 votes
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Cardinal Cajetan and Martin Luther

I found this paper "Cajetan and Luther: Revisiting the Roots of a Schism" written by Dr. Adam Cooper, a Lutheran pastor turned Catholic, who has a repository of his academic papers here. The paper ...
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7 votes

Is it true that Martin Luther was calling for killing Hebrew people?

Yes, it is true that Luther published anti-semitic writings -- writings that were even used by the Nazi Party in support of its horrendous treatment of Jews. The case that Luther's writings were ...
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7 votes
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Why did Katarina von Bora need to hide in a barrel to escape from her convent?

Martin Luther and Katarina von Bora (Frau Luther as she became) belonged to different orders. He was an Augustinian canon, and as such, although resident with other priests, in a monastery, worked in ...
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  • 7,118
6 votes

What was Martin Luther's perspective on the early Christian church?

Luther, like other reformers, regarded the early church highly, but not above scripture. We see this in two ways – (1) he accepted the earliest councils of the church as faithfully proclaiming the ...
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6 votes
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Did Luther have any disagreements with the teachings of Augustine of Hippo?

Luther and Augustine seem to have disagreed on: Ecclesiology Purgatory: Augustine believed it, though Luther claimed he "held nothing at all of purgatory." Sacraments: Luther claimed ...
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6 votes

What did Luther and Calvin believe about "Lucifer" in Isaiah 14?

Although Calvin and Luther most certainly believed in an entity called Satan, they deny that Isaiah 14:12 has any connection with the devil or that Lucifer is his name. In Calvin's commentary of ...
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6 votes
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Did Martin Luther express his views on suicide?

It appears that Luther did in fact say something to that effect. In one of his Table Talks, Luther is recorded as saying: I don’t share the opinion that suicides are certainly to be damned. My ...
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6 votes
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Were celebrations for the 400th Anniversary of the Reformation held in Germany during World War I?

In 1917, Reformation Day was on a Wednesday. The German theologian Hermann Sasse, a sergeant in the German army at the time, spoke about that day in 1942. His glasses are too amazing for my conscience ...
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6 votes
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Is the Mass seen as a sacrifice in the Lutheran Church?

In the Apology of the Augsburg Confession, Philipp Melanchthon identifies two distinct meanings of the word "sacrifice," rejecting one (the Roman Catholic view) and accepting the other: The ...
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6 votes

Why Does Luther Translate "Alpha and Omega", in the Book of Revelation, as "A und O" (A and O)?

Yup, Luther is Spot On Technically, Luther's A und O (= English "A and O") is quite correct or as directly literal of a translation as one could get rendering the text into German (or English) ...
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  • 368
5 votes

Why did Luther curse those who oppose indulgences?

Luther published his 95 Theses in 1517. At that time he had not fully separated from the theology of the Roman Catholic church and the Pope. Most of his 95 Thesis are really just asking for ...
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5 votes
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Which was the first Roman Catholic hymnal to include Martin Luther's "A Mighty Fortress Is Our God"?

The Hymnal Worship II, published in 1975 by GIA, and widely used in the Archdiocese of Chicago, includes an English translation of Luther's German paraphrase of Psalm 46 (Vulgate No. 45) in two ...
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5 votes

Did Luther add a word to Romans 3?

Yes, clearly and obviously, Luther added the word "alone" to his translation. But that's not the real question to ask. If you'll permit a small digression, the real question is why. It is clear that ...
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5 votes
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Did Luther say he "might well have entrusted the whole affair of this [Eucharist] controversy to [Calvin] from the beginning"?

Original source Henry's quote is verbatim from Christoph Pezel's 1590 book Außführliche, warhaffte und bestendige Erzehlung, and he mentions Pezel in a footnote to the paragraph prior to the story. ...
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5 votes

Did Luther believe in gnomish creatures?

Luther's objective was to express the Bible using words used by ordinary Germans. The following is an extract from his Letter on translation: We do not have to ask the literal Latin how we are to ...
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