17 votes

Where can I find scans of original Biblical manuscripts?

The original manuscripts are not believed to be in existence any more, and most manuscripts we do have aren't easily accessible. But some important ones can be viewed online: Aleppo Codex Codex ...
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  • 18k
12 votes

How possible is it that the Septuagint / LXX wasn't specifically quoted in the NT?

It is highly unlikely. I will address the OP's commentary/questions in turn: The reason why I ask this is because I can't really seem to find much proof of the age of the Septuagint. I offer the ...
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  • 4,242
10 votes
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Was defining the New Testament originally condemned as heresy?

It is impossible to know for sure without asking the person that said it, but I believe it is most likely, given her description of the individual in question, the historical time frame and the ...
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  • 2,074
9 votes

What are arguments for the divine inspiration of the longer ending of Mark (Mark 16:9-20)?

The following is quoted from this article at the Early Church History website which outlines the very early attestation of the longer ending of Mark: Irenaeus, Justin, Tatian and Hippolytus were very ...
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  • 9,433
8 votes

Where can I find scans of original Biblical manuscripts?

As others have said, the original manuscripts no longer exist. But the Center for the Study of New Testament Manuscripts is making an effort to photograph extant Greek manuscripts and make them ...
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  • 520
8 votes
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Was each "Book" of the Old Testament on a separate scroll prior to the second century A.D.?

The answer appears to be «usually» but «with some exceptions», and also «the experts aren't completely sure». We can divide the sources adduced into indirect evidence (references to scrolls in ...
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  • 4,242
6 votes
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Recommendations for Ancient Greek NT "versions"

The Nestle-Aland/UBS text is standard. This is an edited text which shows what the editors think the original text was most likely to be based on the evidence they have researched. The NA and UBS ...
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  • 18k
5 votes
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How many New Testament Manuscripts do we have from the period between the first century and the fourth century?

How many early New Testament manuscripts do we have? You ask about the first four centuries, until about 400 AD. I am inclined to initially answer through 300 AD, because I believe that period is ...
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  • 1,946
5 votes

Introduction to Greek Texts; Byzantine vs. Alexandrian

The above resources are indeed excellent surveys of the issues surrounding textual criticism of the bible. A couple of extra points are worth noting: (1) The question asks about the textual history of ...
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5 votes

Did the Catholic Church proscribe private ownership and reading of scripture?

Laypeople owned Books of the Hours and illuminated manuscripts of Holy Scripture before the printing press. (See the "Manuscript" Catholic Encyclopedia article for the history of manuscripts and ...
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5 votes
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Why is Ephesians after Galatians?

I've been able to find exactly two explanations: The anomaly is because two separate Pauline letter collections were merged, one of which ended with Galatians and the other of which began with ...
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5 votes

Recommendations for Ancient Greek NT "versions"

The Englishman's Greek New Testament, available widely, has the Stephens Text of 1550 and an interlinear, literal, English translation. It is one of a few almost identical Greek texts which are ...
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  • 19k
5 votes
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What did the original Christian writings look like during the 1st century CE?

The earliest Biblical manuscripts were almost certainly written on papyrus. We know of over 130 Biblical papyri dating from the second to the eighth century. These were written in majuscule case, and ...
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  • 18k
4 votes
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Where does the book of Job come from?

As to your question regarding origins, we do not know the author or the means of revelation of the book of Job. What we do know is that there is an ancient tradition including the book in Hebrew ...
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  • 66
4 votes
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Did the Catholic Church proscribe private ownership and reading of scripture?

The Church has never proscribed private possession, reading, or translation of the Bible (and indeed the Douay-Rheims Bible, long the standard Catholic English translation, was published before the ...
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  • 18.3k
4 votes
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Did the ante-Nicene Church fathers write in uncials?

It's impossible to tell whether the original manuscripts (the autographs) of any given sacred text were written in one hand, or the other, since as far as we are able to tell, none have survived ...
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  • 2,785
4 votes
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Are there any bundles of subsets of the New Testament that are common?

Are there any bundles of subsets of the New Testament that are common? Catholic Bibles are divided into 5 subsets for the New Testament. The Catholic New Testament is composed 27 books of the New ...
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  • 53.2k
4 votes

What are arguments for the divine inspiration of the longer ending of Mark (Mark 16:9-20)?

A. It was quoted by early Church fathers. The versus in question were quoted by Irenaeus, Justin, Tatian and Hippolytus in the second century AD [1]. While manuscripts from these authors don't predate ...
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  • 2,655
3 votes

Where can I find the 5800 Greek NT Manuscript copies?

Who said we can't locate these manuscripts?! Wikipedia actually has a pretty thorough set of lists of NT manuscripts: List of New Testament papyri (136) List of New Testament uncials (322) List of ...
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  • 18k
3 votes
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Which manuscript was the LDS Book of Moses translated from?

This is from an article in the Church Magazine The Ensign published January 1986 The material constituting the eight chapters of the book of Moses is an extract from Joseph Smith’s translation of ...
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  • 1,533
3 votes
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How do Bible scholars view the accuracy and reliability of the Aleppo Codex?

The Aleppo Codex is a bound manuscript of the Hebrew Bible, written by scribes called Masoretes in Tiberias, Israel, around 930 C.E. They surfaced in Aleppo, Syria, sometime in the second half of the ...
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  • 16.4k
3 votes

Where does the book of Job come from?

There are suggestions that Uz is in central Syria, north of Israel, because of a genealogy in Genesis 10:23, but hard evidence for its location is not so readily available. Reference to attacks by ...
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3 votes
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Isaiah 34:11 translation of animal names

Animal names are not very frequently used words. They may appear only one time in the Bible, and as a result, their exact identification is not easy. Not many classical Hebrew texts exist. The ...
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3 votes

What do Christians pay attention to in order to decide if a given piece of text or manuscript is divinely inspired?

From a Catholic Church point of view, it pays attention to its "teaching magisterium". (Emphasis mine throughout.) III. THE INTERPRETATION OF THE HERITAGE OF FAITH The heritage of faith ...
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2 votes

Have there been such an attempt made to make the comprehensive list of all New Testament scrolls ever found?

For the Greek Old Testament (i.e., "Septuagint"), there is also the Verzeichnis der griechischen Handschriften des Alten Testaments [= Catalogue of the Greek Manuscripts of the Old Testament], ...
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  • 1,251
2 votes

What major discrepancies exist between "versions" of the Bible?

Perhaps the biggest textual difference in terms of text size (but not theology) is Jeremiah. The version of Jeremiah we are used to comes from the Masoretic text, but the text in the Septuagint is ...
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  • 18k
2 votes

Where can I find scans of original Biblical manuscripts?

With regards to Greek: There are many places you can find manuscripts as is mentioned in the other answers. One not mentioned before and very complete, although you need special perissions to get ...
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  • 289
2 votes
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What is the translation methodology for the Nueva Versión Internacional (NVI)?

Yes, it was translated from the ancient manuscripts. The preface of my copy of the NVI is also available online, "Historia de la NVI". I'll quote and translate key sections of that article ...
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2 votes

Some questions concerning Aramaic in the Old Testament

Daniel Chapter 2 from the second part of verse 4 through the end of Chapter 7 is in written in the Aramaic language and with same script as the Hebrew scriptures. There are several less substantial ...
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