17

The original manuscripts are not believed to be in existence any more, and most manuscripts we do have aren't easily accessible. But some important ones can be viewed online: Aleppo Codex Codex Sinaiticus Codex Vaticanus Because there are so many manuscripts, most scholars rely on critical texts: the editors of these texts choose which variations they ...


14

First, to clarify, the ancient record was recorded on plates, bound by rings, not on tablets. I've never seen official or first-person historical sources refer to them as tablets and have only seen that term used in sources which have either strong or subtle sentiments against the Mormon church, or a political agenda. From every reliable source I have ever ...


12

It is highly unlikely. I will address the OP's commentary/questions in turn: The reason why I ask this is because I can't really seem to find much proof of the age of the Septuagint. I offer the following pedantic quibble only because it is directly relevant to OP's concern: when considering the historical creation of the Greek Jewish scriptures, it is ...


10

Old Testament The Dead Sea Scrolls currently housed in the Israeli Dead Sea Scroll museum and available online, is a collection of 972 manuscripts from the period 408 - 308 BC. Seeing as the Old Testament itself consists of books written between 1000 - 600 BC and the late 450s, this is a pretty good collection. There are others, but this is the most well-...


10

It is impossible to know for sure without asking the person that said it, but I believe it is most likely, given her description of the individual in question, the historical time frame and the context of the discussion, that she was speaking of a man named Marcion. Who was Marcion? For the first hundred years or so of the Christian faith, documents like ...


8

As others have said, the original manuscripts no longer exist. But the Center for the Study of New Testament Manuscripts is making an effort to photograph extant Greek manuscripts and make them available for study. Many of the manuscripts are fragments, but some are complete books of the New Testament. The photographs that are available online are high ...


8

The answer appears to be «usually» but «with some exceptions», and also «the experts aren't completely sure». We can divide the sources adduced into indirect evidence (references to scrolls in ancient documents) and direct evidence (scrolls). Indirect Evidence Old Testament The word used in the passage quoted in the question is βιβλίον.1 While it is ...


6

The Nestle-Aland/UBS text is standard. This is an edited text which shows what the editors think the original text was most likely to be based on the evidence they have researched. The NA and UBS names refer to two editions of the same base text. They have occasional differences in punctuation or spelling, but the main difference is their apparatus. The main ...


5

The above resources are indeed excellent surveys of the issues surrounding textual criticism of the bible. A couple of extra points are worth noting: (1) The question asks about the textual history of the Bible. The Greek manuscript families relate specifically to the New Testament. If the question includes the Old Testament that would need to be looked at ...


5

How many early New Testament manuscripts do we have? You ask about the first four centuries, until about 400 AD. I am inclined to initially answer through 300 AD, because I believe that period is more important for historical* reasons. This page on Wikipedia lists the 130 papyri of the New Testament that we know of, together with what content each has. For ...


5

I've been able to find exactly two explanations: The anomaly is because two separate Pauline letter collections were merged, one of which ended with Galatians and the other of which began with Ephesians. The canonical order was modified from pure length order to emphasize the imprisonment theme common to Ephesians, Philippians, and Colossians. The truth ...


5

Laypeople owned Books of the Hours and illuminated manuscripts of Holy Scripture before the printing press. (See the "Manuscript" Catholic Encyclopedia article for the history of manuscripts and copyists.) There was no ecclesiastical prohibition of such ownership. St. Paula (347-404), a wealthy Roman lady who could thus afford manuscripts, studied Holy ...


5

The Englishman's Greek New Testament, available widely, has the Stephens Text of 1550 and an interlinear, literal, English translation. It is one of a few almost identical Greek texts which are commonly called the Received Text or the Textus Receptus. This is the Greek text behind the Authorised Version (the King James Version) and is the Greek text used by ...


5

The earliest Biblical manuscripts were almost certainly written on papyrus. We know of over 130 Biblical papyri dating from the second to the eighth century. These were written in majuscule case, and I think usually without spaces or much punctuation. They were not written in the uncial script as it was developed only in the fourth century for use on ...


4

One of Joseph Smith's revelations has God saying: Doctrine and Covenants 5:9 Behold, verily I say unto you, I have reserved those things which I have entrusted unto you, my servant Joseph, for a wise purpose in me, and it shall be made known unto future generations, No more definitive answer is possible. A speculative one is to prevent the plates, ...


4

It's impossible to tell whether the original manuscripts (the autographs) of any given sacred text were written in one hand, or the other, since as far as we are able to tell, none have survived unharmed to the present day. The earliest manuscripts we have in our possession, though early, are certainly already copies, and a copyist may change the hand of a ...


4

As to your question regarding origins, we do not know the author or the means of revelation of the book of Job. What we do know is that there is an ancient tradition including the book in Hebrew scripture. The book makes no reference to the patriarchs or the law or the prophets but it is consistent with teachings therein and is commonly considered to ...


4

The Church has never proscribed private possession, reading, or translation of the Bible (and indeed the Douay-Rheims Bible, long the standard Catholic English translation, was published before the King James Version). The Church was very concerned in the mid-16th century that Protestants had made their own decisions about what books to include in the canon ...


4

Are there any bundles of subsets of the New Testament that are common? Catholic Bibles are divided into 5 subsets for the New Testament. The Catholic New Testament is composed 27 books of the New Testament. The Catholic Bible is composed of the 46 books of the Old Testament and the 27 books of the New Testament. Old Testament Torah: ...


3

This is from an article in the Church Magazine The Ensign published January 1986 The material constituting the eight chapters of the book of Moses is an extract from Joseph Smith’s translation of the Bible. More precisely, chapter one of Moses is an account of a revelation given to the Prophet Joseph just prior to, or at the commencement of, the ...


3

There are suggestions that Uz is in central Syria, north of Israel, because of a genealogy in Genesis 10:23, but hard evidence for its location is not so readily available. Reference to attacks by Chaldeans (Job 1:17) would normally place the location of Uz to the east of Palestine, but reference to the Sabaeans would probably place its location in southern ...


3

Animal names are not very frequently used words. They may appear only one time in the Bible, and as a result, their exact identification is not easy. Not many classical Hebrew texts exist. The Bible is basically it. So if a word only occurs once in the Bible, it can be hard to pin down its meaning. Older translations would go off of the traditional ...


3

The Aleppo Codex is a bound manuscript of the Hebrew Bible, written by scribes called Masoretes in Tiberias, Israel, around 930 C.E. They surfaced in Aleppo, Syria, sometime in the second half of the 15th century; preserved nearly intact in a synagogue for centuries, until the 20th century. The Aleppo Codex belongs to a large “family” of Masoretic ...


3

Who said we can't locate these manuscripts?! Wikipedia actually has a pretty thorough set of lists of NT manuscripts: List of New Testament papyri (136) List of New Testament uncials (322) List of New Testament minuscules (1–1000), (1001–2000), (2001–) (2911 total) List of New Testament lectionaries (2453) The lectionaries list is the least complete here, ...


2

For the Greek Old Testament (i.e., "Septuagint"), there is also the Verzeichnis der griechischen Handschriften des Alten Testaments [= Catalogue of the Greek Manuscripts of the Old Testament], originally compiled by Alfred Rahlfs and published in 1914. It is available from Archive.org, or in a hi-res PDF from the Göttingen Septuaginta-Unternehmen. It was ...


2

I did some Google search for you. I found these online resources. Some are Unicode, some are not. Codex Sinaiticus Codex Vaticanus Textus Receptus Westcott and Hort Ivan Panin Greek New Testament edition


2

With regards to Greek: There are many places you can find manuscripts as is mentioned in the other answers. One not mentioned before and very complete, although you need special perissions to get access to most manuscripts, is Institute for New Testament Textual Research (Institut für Neutestamentliche Textforschung, INTF) BUT the best and easiest way for ...


2

Daniel Chapter 2 from the second part of verse 4 through the end of Chapter 7 is in written in the Aramaic language and with same script as the Hebrew scriptures. There are several less substantial occurences of Aramaic in the Hebrew scriptures detailed here: https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biblical_Aramaic. All of the Hebrew scriptures are written with the ...


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