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16 votes
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Did the disagreement between the Catholic Church and Protestant Church on the issue of salvation by grace alone end in 1999?

The Joint Declaration on Justification The document that bishop Palmer is likely referring to is the Joint Declaration on the Doctrine of Justification, created in 1999 by the Lutheran World ...
zippy2006's user avatar
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15 votes

Why did Luther say "Sin boldy"?

For most of a year following his trial at Worms in April 1521, Martin Luther was in seclusion. During this time his associates at Wittenberg were implementing practical changes in the church there. ...
Mike Borden's user avatar
9 votes

Can Patron Saints be "dethroned"?

Patron saints are not, in general, centrally designated by the Vatican. (St Thomas More is a notable exception. He was declared patron saint of statesmen and politicians by the motu proprio E Sancti ...
Matt Gutting's user avatar
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9 votes
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Do Lutherans define Justification and Atonement as different things?

Articles 3 and 4 of the Augsburg Confession (part of the Lutheran Confessions) talk about this: The Augsburg Confession (Chief Articles of Faith: Article III: Of the Son of God and Article IV: Of ...
Rev. Aaron Simms's user avatar
7 votes

Do Lutherans believe that the sacraments are necessary for salvation (similar to Catholics), and if so, how do they reconcile this with Sola Fide?

First, a Lutheran is not likely to recognize the phrase "salvation by faith". The usual construct Lutherans use is "justification by faith". For Lutherans, there is a distinction between the two. ...
brasshat's user avatar
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7 votes
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Is the Mass seen as a sacrifice in the Lutheran Church?

In the Apology of the Augsburg Confession, Philipp Melanchthon identifies two distinct meanings of the word "sacrifice," rejecting one (the Roman Catholic view) and accepting the other: The ...
Nathaniel is protesting's user avatar
7 votes

Can the forensic justication doctrine be characterized as false justification contrary to fact and truth?

In other words, a person is declared righteous despite being a sinner, and remain an ungodly sinner, but God overlooks justice for him and let him go. Is it acceptable if we characterize this as a ...
curiousdannii's user avatar
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6 votes

What is the Lutheran doctrine of consubstantiation and how does it differ from transubstantiation and a more general protestant sacramental view?

Consubstantiation is not Lutheran theology. Lutheran theology rejects consubstantiation in favor of "Sacramental Union" [sacramentatem unionem]. See the Book of Concord, "The Solid Declaration of the ...
Richard 's user avatar
5 votes

Which specific canons of the Second Council of Constantinople do Lutherans and Calvinists reject?

The First Four Councils The main, but only the main, conclusions of each of the first four Ecumenical Councils were specifically endorsed by both Calvin and Luther personally. These 4 councils ...
davidlol's user avatar
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5 votes

Does the Evangelical Lutheran church see Mormons as Christian?

The Lutheran denomination, "The Evangelical Lutheran Church in America", which is just one of many bodies using the word "Evangelical" in its name (and it should be noted that there are denominations, ...
brasshat's user avatar
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5 votes

Are Lutherans comfortable with worshipping a consecrated host or do they consider it to be idolatry?

The Book of Concord condemns the adoration of the elements, though without specifically calling it idolatry: On the other hand, we unanimously reject and condemn all the following erroneous articles, ...
curiousdannii's user avatar
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5 votes

Is there such a thing as Orthodox Lutheran Christian?

There are several ways in which he could be meaning this. One, there are indeed churches that identify themselves as Orthodox (big-O) Lutheran. For example: Lutheran Orthodox Church and Orthodox ...
mxyzplk's user avatar
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5 votes

Who were the main Protestant precursors?

No, Luther certainly should not be viewed as "responsible [for] the entire protestant reformation". Throughout previous centuries, various non-Catholic church groups held to some beliefs that came to ...
Anne's user avatar
  • 31.9k
5 votes

Was Martin Luther wrong about baptizing infants?

(Disclaimer: this answer, as should be obvious, is from a Lutheran perspective, with emphasis on the beliefs of Luther himself, circa 1530 or so. Accordingly, while only a few sentences are prefaced ...
Matthew's user avatar
  • 9,469
5 votes

How do Lutherans pray for the dead?

(Note: This is not intended to be a Lutheran-specific answer. However, Lutherans are Protestant, and as far as I know, nothing here contradicts any Lutheran-specific teaching.) TL;DR: They don't. (...
Matthew's user avatar
  • 9,469
5 votes
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How do Lutherans interpret John 5:24?

"[...] whoever believes in [Christ] should not perish but have eternal life" (John 3:16). The Gospel message is all about faith in Christ, who paid the debt we couldn't. That payment isn't ...
Matthew's user avatar
  • 9,469
4 votes
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What was the organizing principle of Melanchthon's Loci Communes?

This answer is drawn from material I received from Chris Engelsma. One question I didn't take into account at first was which of the four editions of the Loci Bavinck is thinking of; however, if we ...
Kazark's user avatar
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4 votes
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Lutherans: Shells, baptism, why?

Faith Lutheran Church - Symbols and Meaning on Page 12 The Scallop Shell – (at six points around the edge of the bowl). John is said to have baptized Jesus with water from a scallop shell and it has ...
Herkfixer's user avatar
  • 301
4 votes
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According to LCMC Lutheranism, why is human imagination considered evil, when unsaved people do some amazingly good things?

This issue is addressed in the Augsburg Confession, which the LCMC accepts as "normative for our teaching and practice," like many other Lutheran groups. First we'll briefly look at the &...
Nathaniel is protesting's user avatar
4 votes
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According to Lutherans, do angels pray for us?

Most assuredly they do. The traditional doctrinal standard for the Lutheran Churches is the Book of Concord. One of documents in the BoC is the Apology of the Augsburg Confession, also called the ...
bradimus's user avatar
  • 3,670
4 votes
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How does Dietrich Bonhoeffer's theology relate to salvation by faith alone?

My answer is a bit long, but I hope it helps. There are a number of tensions in Lutheranism (Lutherans tend to like theological tensions), some of which I think are pertinent here. Mainly: Law/...
Rev. Aaron Simms's user avatar
4 votes

According to Lutherans, what is the Kingdom of God?

This is what the Lutheran Church—Missouri Synod, has to say about the Kingdom of God: Kingdom of God: Term prominent in proclamation of John the Baptist, Jesus, and apostles; evidently synonymous ...
Lesley's user avatar
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4 votes
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How do Lutherans have their sin forgiven?

Lutherans have their sins forgiven after confession to a pastor who can absolve the penitent. Here is an extract from an article that discusses the subject at some length: The Lutheran Church ...
Lesley's user avatar
  • 32.3k
4 votes

Who were the main Protestant precursors?

Who were the main Protestant precursors? Martin Luther certainly had precursors in regard to the Reformation. While Luther set the reformation into motion in 1517, others were also involved in the ...
Ken Graham's user avatar
  • 73.3k
4 votes

How do Lutherans pray for the dead?

I will give a Lutheran response. As pointed out, "The Apology to the Augsburg Confession" 24, para 96, clearly affirms that prayers for the dead should not be forbidden in its churches. A ...
Jess's user avatar
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4 votes
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According to Lutherans, why is Calvin's understanding of Communion unacceptable?

Let's look at your description of the Calvinist take: In taking Communion, we are spiritually lifted up to heaven where Christ is (bodily) and consume his body in a spiritual manner. In addition to ...
Matthew's user avatar
  • 9,469
3 votes

Do Lutherans define Justification and Atonement as different things?

Lutheran theologian John Mueller refers to the atonement as the redemption that Christ purchased on the cross for all sinners. He then addresses precisely the issue you are describing using the terms ...
Nathaniel is protesting's user avatar
3 votes
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What is the basis for Lutheran single predestination, as opposed to double predestination?

I'll try to answer in two parts: first by summarizing the Lutheran belief concerning salvation, secondly by summarizing the Lutheran belief about who is saved. First, the Lutheran belief concerning ...
Rev. Aaron Simms's user avatar
3 votes
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To the Lutherans ELCA, how is the Bible the word of God?

The Evangeical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) teaches that the Bible contains the word of God, but not necessarily that it is inerrant. They represent the overwhelming majority of Lutherans in the ...
Zenon's user avatar
  • 1,871
3 votes
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Is Holy Absolution necessary in the Lutheran Church?

Absolution concept is found in the Roman Catholic Church, as well as the Eastern Orthodox churches, the Anglican churches, Lutheran churches and Methodist churches. Lutherans practice "confession and ...
Margus's user avatar
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