13

Catholic version Priest The biblical order of presbyters. One who conducts sacrifices Vicar, a priest who is the bishop's helper Dean (arch-priest) a priest who is designated by the bishop to oversee a number of parishes Monsignor, a title given by a Bishop to an exemplary priest. Pastor The priest who is in charge or a parish, he may have associate ...


12

An attempt at a generic Protestant version. Note that these are guidelines, and additional tradition-specific versions should be consulted! Clergy: Priest One who conducts the rituals that mediate between God and man. Pastor From a word meaning 'shepherd', one who 'watches over' a church, manages it, and tends to its members. Because of the shepherd ...


9

It is a fairly natural idea to have somebody fulfilling this role, and various Christian traditions have done just that. The following are from Worship music: a concise dictionary (ed. Edward Foley, 2000): Cantor [Latin]. "Singer" (1) In Christianity, a 5th-century term for the psalmist; later, the medieval singer (often cleric) who intoned and led the ...


9

The role of the monarch in the Church of England, while technically its head, is limited strictly to the selection of bishops. Even here, involvement is limited, as the Monarch chooses from one of three candidates sent by the Prime Minister, from a list that was created by a synod of bishops. Article 37 (of the 39 Articles) explicitly defines the role as ...


7

The head of the Jehovah's Witness Church is known as the Watchtower Society. Sorry for using Wikipedia as a reference, but apparently the JW website doesn't give out much information on them. On the official Jehovah's Witnesses website, we can get the following information: http://www.jw.org/en/jehovahs-witnesses/faq/congregations-organized/ How Are ...


7

Yes. No. Maybe. This is all really tied up in the idea of Federal Headship. The most obvious Scriptural example of this is Adam and Christ. 1 Corinthians 15:22 For as in Adam all die, so in Christ all will be made alive This is developed a lot more in the epistles, but the general idea is that Adam acted as a representative for all of mankind: a ...


6

Replacing the president of the Church is a special thing. I addressed the process of calling a new prophet in this answer. That process is different than what would be used to call, for example, a Ward Sunday School President. It's no surprise that the process of sustaining a new president of the Church is also different. D&C 26:2 teaches that all ...


6

To preface my answer, not all Church policy is shaped by doctrine. Some policies are practical. That said, I don't know why this is the case, but the handbook does say: 12.2.2. Ward Sunday School Presidency Members of the ward Sunday School presidency are priesthood holders. Also, speaking of the ward Sunday School president: He also oversees ...


6

Quakers and Mormons have no paid staff in their local assemblies. In the national bodies, however, there is usually some renumeration or support, in order to retain staff. The truth is that very few would consider it wise to have a national organization without any accountability, which is what an all-volunteer lobby would be. Additionally, many more ...


6

Some of the primary differences are due to the believed place of the clergy. In some churches being clergyman is considered a "vocation". If someone is called to be ordained they are ordained for life (barring exceptional circumstances). Even if they stop doing the job of a priest, they remain one. The denominations that practice this typically have a ...


5

While the New Testament does not give complete details about the selection process, the role of other leaders is much more clearly documented than the role of congregations, at least in the appointment of elders. Acts 6, by contrast, involves the selection of servant leaders, known in most churches today as deacons. The Apostles were too busy to "serve ...


5

An etymology-based perspective Here are some meanings for these roles based on the original meanings as used in the New Testament. Many denominations attempt to use these terms in the same way, such as the Brethren, Presbyterians and some Baptist churches. Pastor: a shepherd. Someone who looks after the 'flock' of God: his people. Pastors are listed in ...


5

Willow Creek has held an egalitarian stance about women in leadership since their inception. Yesterday Lynne Hybels reposted the chapter in the book mentioned above on her blog. The link is below. I attended Willow for two years in the 1990s and benefitted greatly from the women on the teaching team and the stellar leadership of the mixed-gender elder board. ...


4

The EFCA leaves a large part of this to the local congregation. Very much like some of the Baptist denominations that prefer terminology other than a "denomination," the E-Free congregations are autonomous and able to internally govern themselves mostly as they wish. I am now in a different denomination, but I grew up in a church that moved into the E-Free ...


4

Error: When I wrote this up I, I had misread the question and focused my answer on the office of Deacon. I will need to revise this to focus on the office of Elder. It won't be substantially different but there are a few extra considerations. There is not a very clear answer to this question, but the statement on the CBE seems to beyond the scope of ...


4

Of course, the man is the spiritual head of the family. There are many references in the Bible that point to it. Ephesians 5:23 For the husband is the head of the wife even as Christ is the head of the church, his body, and is himself its Savior. Ephesians 6:4 Fathers, do not provoke your children to anger, but bring them up in the discipline and ...


3

Acts 6 pretty clearly says that the congregation choose the leaders. Acts 6:2-3 'Then the twelve summoned the multitude of the disciples and said, '... Therefore, brethren, seek out from among you seven men of good reputation ...'" The apostles told the congregation that the congreation should choose these men. We are not told whether this was done with a ...


3

Q. "Who are the leaders of the Jehovah's Witnesses church?" A. The One True Almighty God JEHOVAH through His only begotten Son Jesus Christ who has granted authority to Christ's "faithful and discreet slave" as THE ONLY appointed channel by God during Christ's Heavenly PRESENCE (from the GREEK word "Parousia" which is often mistranslated as "Coming") of the ...


3

The Jehovah´s Witnesses have what they call a Governing Body. A good reference on their beliefs can be found in Chapter 14 of their publication Bearing Witness where they show how they interpret Acts 15 as a being similar governing body in the early Christian assembly. Biblical Principles of JW Organisational Structure Organisationally, Jehovah's Witnesses ...


3

The NASB is very much in the minority when it renders the word here as 'leaders'. Most translations have either 'masters' or 'instructors'. Even the NASB admits that 'teachers' is a possible meaning. So it is really far from clear that there is a prohibition on being called a leader. Elsewhere in the New Testament it is clear that there were 'leaders' among ...


3

It is out of respect for the type of relationship they are supposed to have with the people that they lead. There are several places in Paul's letters where he says he has become the Father of those who he leads spiritually (1 Cor 4:15, Gal 4:19, Phlm 10 ). But no where where it is exhorted in general to call the presbyters or elders by the title "Father"....


3

I don't have a specifically Catholic perspective but by the time of the events in the book of Joshua, the physical people Judah, Simeon, and the other 10 patriarchs that the tribes of Israel were named after were long dead. Here's what's going on: The 12 tribes of Israel were named after the sons of Jacob (their births in Genesis 30). One of those sons, ...


2

Why is it common for pastors to advocate leadership (including their own) when it is easy to conclude that it is anti-biblical according to what Jesus had said? I am not so sure that pastors advocate "leadership" so much as they advocate following. The hallmark of a good leader is the ability to follow commands, not give them. All pastors, if they are ...


2

I am quoting sections from Bill Hybel's words on Evangelicals and Gender Equality by Lynne and Bill Hybels: First, the history from Bill's youth pastor role: Our approach to leadership was pragmatic; it seemed obvious that we needed male leaders for the guys to relate to and female leaders for the girls to relate to. In actual experience, it was easier ...


2

Coming from a Plymouth Brethren background, I can speak to the experience of growing up in a church movement which eschewed ordaining ministers and employing them as fulltime servants within local churches. Wikipedia has a decent overview of the Plymouth Brethren, a movement which began in the late 1820s in Dublin, Ireland and quickly spread to Plymouth, ...


1

Just a few tips... Never tell someone something when you can have them discover the answer themselves by asking a question. To lead a group it helps to have a ton of questions written down. Start with a few easy questions to get the ball rolling and then ask more challenging questions. When some one answers a question, as another person what they think ...


1

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (Commonly called "Mormons") As a member, I enjoy paying tithing to the Church that is used to fund the building of the Kingdom of God on Earth: "Tithing funds are always used for the Lord’s purposes—to build and maintain temples and meetinghouses, to sustain missionary work, to educate Church members, and to ...


1

I would like to build on the answers already supplied here. There isn't really a FAQ on the JW.org for the governing body. There are however magazine articles with information on both the first century body and the one of today. In the July 2013 study edition of the watchtower you will find these 2 articles: Feeding Many Through the Hands of a Few “Who ...


1

As with many gifts of the Spirit, the gift of 'leadership' is not described in the Bible directly. The first conclusion I draw from that is the unique operations of The Holy Spirit do not require a user guide. For example, at Pentecost the Bible says, Acts 2:4 All of them were filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other tongues as the ...


1

I think that you are confused about the purpose of the deacon or bishop ordination. They are not ordained for their own benefit, but for the benefit of all the church. Therefore it is important that they are not a reason for scandal and offence. The fact that someone isn't found fit to be ordained as deacon, presbyter or bishop doesn't mean that he can't ...


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