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16 votes
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Is the term *Kyrie Eleison* Latin or Greek?

It is simply Greek that has been written in Roman letters. The city of Rome was essentially bilingual from around the time of Caesar Augustus until at least the third or fourth century A.D.: the ...
12 votes
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What does "persecute with cups" refer to in Augustine's first homily on 1 John?

“Calcibus” is the ablative or dative plural of calx, which means “limestone” (from which we get the term “calcium”) or, alternatively, “heel.” I believe the translator mistook “calcibus” for “...
9 votes
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Who are David and Sibyls in the first stanza of Dies Iræ?

Dies Irae is a Latin hymn or sequence prescribed for the Roman Catholic Requiem Mass (Mass for the Dead or Funeral Mass) as well as on the Feast of All Souls (November 2) until the liturgical reforms ...
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8 votes
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Does the Pope's encyclical Laudato si' have a Latin version?

There is now an official Latin version. Encyclicals are always published in the Holy See’s official journal, Acta Apostolicae Sedis. Laudato si’ can be found in volume 107, no. 9, published in 2015.
7 votes

Does the Pope's encyclical Laudato si' have a Latin version?

For various pastoral reasons, primarily (as it appears) in order to reach a wider audience, Pope Francis wrote Laudato Si' in Italian (whence it was translated into Arabic, German, English, Spanish, ...
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7 votes

When did the Church in the West begin communicating in Latin, instead of Greek?

The first major Christian theologian to write primarily in Latin was Tertullian (155–240): his association with a heretical movement is all that prevents him from being universally considered the ...
7 votes
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Do Anglicans use Latin anymore? If so, how much and for what?

Anglicans do not use Latin for any form of normal worship service or for any normal purposes. The 24th article of the foundational articles of the Anglican church states: It is a thing plainly ...
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7 votes
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Why does that Catholic Church teach that Noah's ark was "complete in one cubit"?

It means that it was made perfectly, according to God's specifications / will. "In uno cubito consummata" means accomplished/completed/finished/perfected exactly, to a single cubit, "to ...
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6 votes
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Why did the Catholic Church adopt the use of Latin, the language of the crucifiers of Jesus?

Why has the Catholic Church adopted the use of Latin, the language of the crucifiers of Jesus? Before going on I would simply like to point out two things. First of all that the Language that ...
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6 votes
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What is the significance of the phrase "Sic Transit Gloria Mundi"?

I've also answered the cross-posted version of this question on the Latin Language Stack Exchange. One common attribution for this phrase is Thomas à Kempis's Imitation of Christ (~1420), which reads: ...
5 votes
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Latin Lyrics for Gregorian Chants

The books you want are the "Kyriale" and the "Graduale". The former contains the words and music for the ordinary of the mass (Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, Sanctus, and Agnus Dei), and the latter contains ...
5 votes
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Missing work of St. Augustine in Latin?

Though it was historically attributed to Augustine, this letter was actually written by Fulgentius of Ruspe in the early 6th century. It appears in English in volume 95 of the series The Fathers of ...
5 votes
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Acts 6:8 - Stephen is described as "full of grace" (πλήρης χάριτος)

In case of Mary, the angel refers to her, as you have said, as one who has been filled with grace, and the church teaches that she received a special grace at her conception which allowed her to be ...
4 votes

Who are David and Sibyls in the first stanza of Dies Iræ?

According to both Wikipedia and the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia, most academics who have studied the "Dies Irae" attribute it to the Franciscan priest Thomas of Celano, who lived in the first half of ...
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4 votes

Hallelujah vs Alleluia

Hallelujah is used 4 times in the NT, all of which are in Revelation 19:1-6 (see GotQuestions). The Greek word used is Ἁλληλουϊά, which transliterates most directly to Hallélouia or also to Hallelujah....
4 votes

Why did the Catholic Church adopt the use of Latin, the language of the crucifiers of Jesus?

Just like English, French, and German are the languages of choice in Protestant seminaries starting in the 19th centuries because the scholars speak those languages, the Western half of the Roman ...
3 votes

Why did the Catholic Church adopt the use of Latin, the language of the crucifiers of Jesus?

The Latin language was sanctified by being nailed to the Holy Cross along with Hebrew and Greek: Luke 23:38And there was also a superscription written over him in letters of Greek and Latin and ...
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3 votes

Why are missionary priests allowed to fumble over liturgies in the vernacular?

Why are missionary priests allowed to fumble over liturgies in the vernacular? I could also ask the question: Why are traditional priests allowed to fumble over liturgies in Latin? The problem here ...
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3 votes

Greek or any other language New Testament edition or document(s) predating the Old Latin (Vetus Latina) translation?

None of the original manuscripts (autographs) of the New Testament (or Old Testament) are extant. Manuscripts The oldest known New Testament manuscript is P52, a small-fragment of the Gospel of John (...
3 votes
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What's the reason behind St. Thomas Aquinas word choice "angelicus" in the hymn "Panis angelicus"?

What's the reason behind St. Thomas Aquinas word choice "angelicus" in the hymn "Panis angelicus"? The reason is quite simple. It involves a little bit of a mistranslation as well ...
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2 votes

Should the Catholic rosary be recited in Latin or the vernacular language?

Should the Catholic rosary be recited in Latin or the vernacular language? In short, it is a personal choice! Not being part of the Sacred Liturgy of the Church, one has always been quite free to say ...
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2 votes

What is the reasoning for Latin being the official language of Catholic Mass?

The Holy Sacrifice of the Mass: Dogmatically, Liturgically and Ascetically Explained (1902) by Fr. Nikolaus Gihr writes in the first footnote of §32, "The Language Used in the Celebration of the ...
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2 votes

Is Latin considered a holy language in the Catholic Church?

I would like to be more explicit on the content of the Apostolic Constitution Veterum Sapientia, which Ben mentions above. This document, written by Pope John XXIII in 1962, and subtitled "On the ...
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2 votes

Tridentine Latin Mass in Hebrew?

From the link you gave: "In February, a report was sent to Cardinal Tisserant. It concluded that the Syrian rite was seen as foreign to many members of the community. The Cardinal referred to the ...
2 votes
Accepted

What is the origin of the "in sæcula sæculorum" of the «Gloria Patri» being translated as "world without end"?

The Vulgate Psalm 83:5 has saecula saeculorum, so I suppose a useful starting point would be an Anglo-Saxon psalter, as these did exist whereas vernacular Bibles didn't; but I can't find one online. ...
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2 votes

Do Anglicans use Latin anymore? If so, how much and for what?

The first Book of Common Prayer (1549) contained an explicit exception to the English-only rule: Though it be appointed in the afore written preface, that all things shall be read and sung in the ...
2 votes

Why did the Catholic Church adopt the use of Latin, the language of the crucifiers of Jesus?

In layman terms, I think it is the other way arround, it is the Roman empire who adopted the Christian religion when Constantine became a Christian (at least in appearance), Latin was the language of ...
1 vote

What does "persecute with cups" refer to in Augustine's first homily on 1 John?

I found an interesting explanation which makes some sense: St Augustine, in saying we should imitate the sufferings of the Martyrs, not persecute them with out [sic] cups! seems to have in mind ...
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1 vote
Accepted

Earliest use of the term triune

The OED gives this as the earliest English usage of the term "triune": 1605   T. Tymme tr. J. Du Chesne Pract. Chymicall & Hermeticall Physicke ii. ii. 108   It ...
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