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18 votes

Is there evidence that Isaiah 53 was viewed as a Messianic prophecy within Judaism, or is it an exclusively Christian interpretation?

The existing answer provides a learned and fascinating discussion for tracing the interpretative history of Isaiah 52:13-53:12 (often conveniently abbreviated to "Isaiah 53", the so-called "Fourth ...
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16 votes

Is there evidence that Isaiah 53 was viewed as a Messianic prophecy within Judaism, or is it an exclusively Christian interpretation?

First, it should be noted that even if Jews did not view the passage as Messianic before Jesus, that does not prove that it is a invalid interpretation. In Old Testament times, Biblical prophecies ...
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14 votes
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Who could have watched the veil of the temple tear when Jesus died?

The Holy of Holies, or the Most Holy Place, was separated from the outter room (the Holy Place) by the veil. Only the High Priest could go beyond the veil into the Most Holy Place, but other priests ...
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14 votes
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How do believers in post-mortal consciousness respond to objections by the Jewish Encyclopedia article on the immortality of the soul?

How do believers in post-mortal consciousness respond to this article? First, by comparing it to this article from JewishEncyclopedia, which disagrees. We'll call the article cited in the OP "...
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11 votes
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What is the basis for the belief that Christianity and Islam worship different gods?

The answer to your question lies in what each religion teaches about who God is. Islam From The Truth About Islam by Dr. David R. Reagan*: God — The Koran asserts that the god of Islam is the God of ...
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9 votes
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Where did the term "Jew" come from?

Two appendices in The Jewish Annotated New Testament touch on the issue: Greek-speaking Jews in antiquity regularly referred to themselves as Ioudaioi. As an ethnogeographical term, best translated &...
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9 votes
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Why did God spare Abraham's child but not Jephthah's?

Jewish and Christian scholars alike present many opinions and interpretations of the story of Jephthah and his daughter. The ambiguity of the text and the fact that her sacrifice is not described in ...
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8 votes

Was Jesus a carpenter or a rabbi?

2000 years ago in the Roman occupied Jewish world, people who were called rabbi generally had real jobs on the side. There were no organized rabinnic seminaries back then, but leading rabbis ...
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8 votes
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Was each "Book" of the Old Testament on a separate scroll prior to the second century A.D.?

The answer appears to be «usually» but «with some exceptions», and also «the experts aren't completely sure». We can divide the sources adduced into indirect evidence (references to scrolls in ...
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8 votes

Where did Jesus' belief in the devil come from?

In Judaism, there most certainly is a devil, first alluded to in Genesis 3. The serpent mentioned that deceived Eve is known to be the devil, and we can specifically see a more direct reference to the ...
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  • 99
8 votes

Why was Jesus not welcomed and carefully tested by the Jews if they were (and are) actually waiting for Messiah?

He was tested The Jews living in the time of Jesus did try to discern whether Jesus was the real Messiah that they had been yearning for, because they disliked living under Roman rule and wanted to ...
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7 votes

Was the washing of feet of the disciples by Jesus, part of a Jewish tradition?

On the contrary, the towel and basin were there for feet to be washed by themselves (Genesis 18:4 & 19:2, Judges 19:21, 1st Samuel 25:41 and others). In that culture (and as an externality of ...
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7 votes
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Was Joseph Smith interested in and familiar with Kabbalah?

In short: Do we know if he had access to and was familiar with Kabbalah writings? There is no documentation of him having access to the Kabbalah writings. Did he study them in the original ...
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7 votes

According to Reformed Theology, why did the 70 Jewish translators include the Apocrypha?

It is true that the Jews ultimately did not accept the apocryphal books you listed in their canon, in a gradual process over several centuries at least spanning 1st century BC and 1st century AD. ...
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6 votes
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Does being Protestant imply you are also a Zionist?

The primary distinction which you will find among protestants regarding this matter will arise from the division between those adhering to Covenant Theology and those adhering to Dispensationalism. ...
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6 votes
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What evidence is there that the Jews thought leprosy was due to sin?

Disease in general Most scholars and Biblical commentaries agree that it was a common belief among the Jewish people of Jesus' day that leprosy and sickness in general was caused by sin. In the Old ...
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6 votes
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Who were the "scribes" whom Jesus often disputes against in the canonical gospels?

In Ancient Judaism, preserving and accurately copying the scriptures was a task considered to be of the utmost importance. As such, an official Temple position dedicated to this task was created. ...
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6 votes
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What are the theological reasons some Protestants are Zionists?

It would be wrong to think that a majority of Protestants are Zionists, but Christian Zionism is nevertheless a substantial movement, especially in the United States. There is a belief among some ...
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6 votes
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Could a Christian remain in the sect of the Pharisees?

What biblical evidence there is, suggests that there may have been a small window in history (~30-35 years) when this was indeed possible. As well as the verse you've already cited, the Apostle Paul ...
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6 votes

Was Joseph Smith interested in and familiar with Kabbalah?

It is certain that Joseph Smith was influenced by Kabbalah. In his 1992 Book The American Religion: The Emergence of the Post-Christian Nation Harold Bloom writes: What is clear is that Smith and his ...
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6 votes
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Why is the Bishop of Jerusalem still Greek?

As you further explained your question in various comments, you seem to be asking why the Bishop (Patriarch) of Jerusalem is Greek, rather than "someone who is ethnically Jewish, and practices Judaism ...
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6 votes

Were any of the Apostolic Fathers Jews?

Were any of the Apostolic Fathers Jews? The short answer is yes! St. Ignatius of Antioch It is piously believed by many Catholics that St. Ignatius of Antioch was of Jewish origin. In fact, there ...
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6 votes
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Were Jews in Jesus' day binitarian?

Segal's Persepective and its Reception That book by Segal was one of the first to advance that argument, and has been fairly influential since then (e.g. Heiser, 2004; Boyarin, 2001. McGrath and Truex ...
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6 votes
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Does Nehemiah Gordon self-identify as a Christian?

I found an article that examines the beliefs of Nehemiah Gordon and briefly mentions that although brought up in an Orthodox Jewish family, he converted to Karaite Judaism after he moved to Israel in ...
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6 votes

What is the basis for believing that 40 lashes would be deadly (especially in Roman law or jurisprudence)?

What is the basis for believing that 40 lashes would be deadly (especially in Roman law or jurisprudence)? This is a false assumption! For one thing, the Romans were not limited in the number of ...
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6 votes

Do Protestants believe it is easier for New Testament believers to fulfill the moral law than it was before Christ?

Welcome to the group. I'm new here myself. Do those verses show that the Christian is more able to fulfill God's commands than the old testament believer was? No, they do not, but maybe not in the ...
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6 votes

Did Jesus believe that the human soul lived on after death?

Judaism in Jesus' time certainly did believe in a spiritual part separating from the physical body at the death of the body. Check out the rabbinic schools of Shammai and Hillel for proof of that. ...
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5 votes

What was the difference between the Pharisees and Sadducees?

The difference between the Pharisees and the Sadducees are mentioned by Jewish Priest Josephus and also New Testament. The Pharisees - The Pharisees, the scribes, and everyone belonging to the sect ...
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  • 1,168
5 votes
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Why did Christianity not follow Philo of Alexandria's definition of logos?

From the works of Philo we can see how he saw the logos, or word/wisdom directly and try to compare a bit with Plato and with Christ. But the divine word which is above these does not come into any ...
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