29

As noted in the question, these are layman's terms. However, I am providing links to more official definitions, which have been used as source material. Definition of the term "Inspired": The doctrine of the inspiration of the Bible means that the Bible in the original documents is God-breathed, that it is a divine product, and, because it is divine, the ...


15

The Bible says a great deal about testing prophets and spirits. A spirit will confess that Jesus Christ has come in the flesh. Dear friends, do not believe every spirit, but test the spirits to see whether they are from God, because many false prophets have gone out into the world. 2 This is how you can recognize the Spirit of God: Every spirit that ...


10

Without much detail, here is an overview of how different Christians view the Bible. These are major categories, and there is going to be some grey area between all of them. The Bible is inerrant on all matters it addresses, and should be taken to speak the literal truth unless the Bible itself says otherwise. Also called Biblical Literalism. Adherents to ...


10

Some historical background regarding the Canon of Scripture The books that non-Catholics (generally Protestants) call the Apocrypha are called by Catholics the Deuterocanonical books (from the Greek δεύτερος, second; and κανῶν, literally a straight rod or bar, hence a unit of measure, or, by extension, a list). They are called the “second” canon because, ...


9

Short answer, no. Not at all. It would count as plausible deniability to the straw-man definition of "the inspired and infallible word of God", but only to the false straw-man understanding. The problem is that, almost no denomination believes that inspiration and infallibility are attributed to modern versions/translations of Scripture. Inspiration ...


8

Even a "nearly" comprehensive list of inerrantist scholars from the past 100–200 years would be virtually impossible to compile and maintain. However, the best list that I am aware of that approaches your criteria would be the signatories of the Chicago Statement on Biblical Inerrancy. Over 200 evangelicals signed the document (PDF), and it ...


8

In the Catholic tradition, there 3 types of historical writings dealt with here: biblical writings and/or non-biblical writings known as Apocrypha. Canononical works Deuterocanonical works Apocrypha (non-biblical works) The OP states that there are several books "used in addition to the same Old Testament canon used by Protestants", but also calls these ...


7

No, a retired pope is not infallible because that guarantee is not a personal quality; it is attached to the office that he no longer holds. This is true in terms of the pope’s extraordinary teaching authority, which Pope Pius XII used in his 1950 definition of Mary’s assumption into heaven. He acknowledged consulting the world’s bishops prior to that ...


6

Short answer: According to the catholic church, ALL of its doctrines are infallible. Long answer: The problem arises when someone questions whether a particular subject (matter of grave importance) is a Catholic doctrine or not. When that occurs, and there is an eminent danger of those people (who may or may not hold an ecclesiastical post) present a false ...


6

Nothing is unnecessary within scripture: everything mentioned in scripture is essential and not merely curious, because all scripture is useful for teaching, refutation, correction, and training in righteousness: 2 Timothy 3:16-17 16 All scripture is inspired by God and is useful for teaching, for refutation, for correction, and for training in ...


6

To answer all three questions at once, here is 2 Pet 1:21: For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man: but holy men of God spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost. (2 Peter 1:21 - KJV, emphasis added) Longer Answer Inspired means that a scribe penned it as a prophet spoke what the holy spirit of God had to say. It was written down by a ...


6

Inerrancy: To say that the scriptures are "inerrant" literally means that they are "without error." That is, that there is not one single error in spelling, grammar, fact, etc. any where in all of scripture. Jesus said in Matthew 5:18 "For truly I say to you, until heaven and earth pass away, not the smallest letter or stroke shall pass from the Law until ...


6

This doctrine is taught in The Dogmatic Constitution of the Church of the Second Vatican Council, paragraph #12 as follows: "The holy people of God shares also in Christ's prophetic office; it spreads abroad a living witness to Him, especially by means of a life of faith and charity and by offering to God a sacrifice of praise, the tribute of lips which ...


6

I think the best summary of the LDS teaching on infallibility, specifically in reference to prophets and revelation, is the following statement from Joseph Smith: I never told you I was perfect—but there is no error in the revelations which I have taught - (The Words of Joseph Smith, ed. Andrew F. Ehat and Lyndon W. Cook [1980], 369) In short, nobody who ...


5

No, the Summa Theologica/Theologiae is not infallible. It was written by St. Thomas Aquinas, who though he was very good, holy, and learned, was not infallible. On those occasions on which the Pope is considered infallible (that is, when he addresses the whole Church as its teacher and pastor, and defines a doctrine which must be held by the whole Church), ...


5

A biblical case for inerrancy can certainly be made on the basis of passages like 2 Timothy 3:16 and 2 Peter 3:16, but these are limited in that they do not obviously refer to the entire Bible, both Old and New Testaments. So to address this question it's best to turn to the writings of the early fathers. Clear statements of the truthfulness and perfection ...


4

I believe it to be the reason that faithful Catholics like myself can even attempt to answer questions like this! If we do this Always to be ready to obey with mind and heart, setting aside all judgement of one's own, the true spouse of Jesus Christ, our holy mother, our infallible and orthodox mistress, the Catholic Church, whose authority is exercised ...


4

The Our Father has not been wrongly translated. It is Catholic dogma of the highest degree (de fide) that there are no errors in Holy Scripture, and the 4th Session of the Council of Trent defined the dogma that St. Jerome's Vulgate translation—which says in both Mt. 6:13 and Lk. 11:4: "et ne nos inducas in tentationem" ("lead us not into temptation")—is "...


4

Jesus told the apostles quite explicitly that He would rise again, but they simply didn't understand Him. According to Luke 18:31-34, "Jesus took unto him the twelve and said to them: ... the Son of man ... shall be delivered to the Gentiles and shall be mocked and scourged and spit upon. And after they have scourged him, they will put him to death. And the ...


3

Documents of ecumenical councils receive their authority from the Pope who solemnly approves them. Councils give council to a Pope, and it is by his authority alone that their documents can be infallible. Conciliarism, which teaches that a general council of the Church has higher authority than the Pope, is a condemned heresy. The First Vatican Council's ...


3

The Evangelical Theological Society is a large academic society committed to inerrancy. Its members must affirm the inerrancy of the Bible, and it refers to the Chicago Statement on Biblical Inerrancy (discussed in Nathaniel's answer) to define what that is. There are over 4000 members of the ETS.


3

Of the first scenario, John himself added this passage later on: The earliest surviving manuscript to contain the Pericope Adulterae is from the late fourth or early fifth century, although there are hints that the pericope was known already in the fourth century. There is little doubt the Gospel existed for centuries without this passage, so we can rule ...


3

According to Catholicism, do individual bishops have the safeguard of Infallibility or Indefectibility? The short answer on both counts is no. First of all what is indefectibility? Indefectibility Definition Imperishable duration of the Church and her immutability until the end of time. The First Vatican Council declared that the Church ...


2

I suspect the early church fathers found no provocative revelation in this addition, if it is indeed an addition, to have concern about inclusion. Mark 16:9-20 seems to have been questioned early on as to its accuracy as part of the original text. Jerome states he had early sources without these verses; conversely, Irenaeus is found quoting from these ...


2

Warning: Catholic Answer in which I reinterpret what you say about "Word of God" as "things asserted by the Holy Spirit", I think these are equivalent but you may not. This disclaimer might actually be the whole answer to the question, but read on if you dare. One of awesome and useful documents from 2nd Vatican Council stated: ...


2

No, absolutely not at all It is well-known that the Bible was not written down as a single chunk, intended from the start to be taken as infallible. The process by which those writings were declared to be Scripture took hundreds of years, and the addition of the last twelve verses of Mark certainly predate that. So at the point where the canon of scripture ...


2

You might want to look at the book "Fundamentals of Catholic Dogma" by Ludwig Ott. In addition to saying what the Catholic Church teaches, it annotates the teachings with indications of how certain they are and (therefore) how obligatory it is to believe them. The highest level is "De fide" ("of the faith"); these are doctrines infallibly proclaimed by ...


2

Does the LDS church assert that doctrinal statements made by the current Prophet are either "inspired", "infallible", or both? Inspired, definitely, but not infallible. Prophets are merely mortal men. Has the Prophet made any statements about (near)future events that Mormons expect to happen? Yes, actually. Just a couple months ago, President ...


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