Hot answers tagged

30 votes
Accepted

Has a pope ever been corrected publicly by a non-cleric in the presence of cardinals because of the unclear wording of a papal document?

It has happened to the present Pope. Dr. Anca-Maria Cernea, Doctor at the Center for Diagnosis and Treatment-Victor Babes and President of the Association of Catholic Doctors of Bucharest (Romania) ...
Andrew Leach's user avatar
27 votes

Can somebody summarize the different "branches" of Christianity to me, and explain why they exist in the first place?

The branches come from difference in opinion. Here is a diagram showing where Christianity diverged. Image source From the beginning Christianity diverged from Judaism1: where Christianity ...
depperm's user avatar
  • 8,612
21 votes
Accepted

How do Protestants answer the Catholic accusation of historicity?

Protestant reformers were at pains to argue that all they sought to do was restore the church to purity which had become corrupted in medieval times. They wanted to ensure that their teachings were ...
Phill Sacre's user avatar
  • 1,579
19 votes
Accepted

Why did John Newton oppose Handel's Messiah?

Newton did indeed have issues with Handel's Messiah, so much so that in 1784–85 he gave a series of 50 sermons at his own church (St. Mary Woolnoth) in response to the oratorio being played at ...
Nathaniel is protesting's user avatar
18 votes

Is there evidence that Isaiah 53 was viewed as a Messianic prophecy within Judaism, or is it an exclusively Christian interpretation?

The existing answer provides a learned and fascinating discussion for tracing the interpretative history of Isaiah 52:13-53:12 (often conveniently abbreviated to "Isaiah 53", the so-called "Fourth ...
Dɑvïd's user avatar
  • 1,269
18 votes
Accepted

What is the earliest use of the phrase "God the Son"?

This question is complicated, of course, by the fact that we must work with translations of the original texts in order to find this wording. However, at least three second-century authors use this ...
Nathaniel is protesting's user avatar
18 votes

Can somebody summarize the different "branches" of Christianity to me, and explain why they exist in the first place?

Such a simple question, and so difficult to provide a simple answer! Probably the main reasons for Christianity dividing into branches and sects are: (a) issues of dogma: disagreements about points ...
Michael Kay's user avatar
17 votes
Accepted

What crime was committed by the "thieves" crucified with Jesus?

Survey of Roman law A now deleted (near) duplicate of this question asked if a claim that the Roman law forbid the crucifixion of thieves, so I'll start with that question, which is highly relevant to ...
ThaddeusB's user avatar
  • 7,785
16 votes

Is there evidence that Isaiah 53 was viewed as a Messianic prophecy within Judaism, or is it an exclusively Christian interpretation?

First, it should be noted that even if Jews did not view the passage as Messianic before Jesus, that does not prove that it is a invalid interpretation. In Old Testament times, Biblical prophecies ...
ThaddeusB's user avatar
  • 7,785
13 votes

Were the names Matthew, Mark, Luke and John common in the time of Jesus?

The names of the authors of the Gospels have been adapted into English from the Greek of the New Testament.1 However, Hebrew and/or Aramaic were likely the mother tongue(s) of three of the evangelists ...
Susan's user avatar
  • 4,312
13 votes
Accepted

How do believers in post-mortal consciousness respond to objections by the Jewish Encyclopedia article on the immortality of the soul?

How do believers in post-mortal consciousness respond to this article? First, by comparing it to this article from JewishEncyclopedia, which disagrees. We'll call the article cited in the OP "...
Hold To The Rod's user avatar
12 votes

How possible is it that the Septuagint / LXX wasn't specifically quoted in the NT?

It is highly unlikely. I will address the OP's commentary/questions in turn: The reason why I ask this is because I can't really seem to find much proof of the age of the Septuagint. I offer the ...
Susan's user avatar
  • 4,312
12 votes

What was the language that Enoch spoke and did the Book of Enoch get written 3000 years BC is there any proof or carbon dating of that?

Just because it's called the Book of Enoch doesn't mean it's written by him. It's considered one of Pseudopigraphical book, literally "false attribution" (See: Pseudepigrapha (Wikipedia). ...
GratefulDisciple's user avatar
12 votes

Evangelical Christians claim Jerusalem was destroyed in either 587 or 586 BCE. What is the evidence?

First of all, there were two sieges of Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar II: 597 BCE: a military campaign carried out by Nebuchadnezzar II, king of Babylon. In 605 BC, he defeated Pharaoh Necho at the ...
Codosaur's user avatar
  • 1,389
12 votes

How do Christians who reject pre-fall death reconcile their views with the Cretaceous–Paleogene extinction event (66 million years ago)?

Those creationist Christians typically place the "extinction event" in Noah's day, thus long after the fall of the historic Adam. An example is from the well-known Young Earth model defender,...
GratefulDisciple's user avatar
11 votes

Was Jesus a Hindu saint and belong to the religion of Hinduism?

It's quite possible that someone with a similar name was born in India at around that time, but this person is not Jesus as understood by Christianity. Our understanding of the details of his life ...
Mason Wheeler's user avatar
  • 31.2k
11 votes
Accepted

What are the arguments that Acts was written prior to 70 AD?

J. A. T. Robinson, in Redating the New Testament (1976), lays out a thorough case for a pre-70 date for the publication of Acts. His main points are also maintained by other conservative scholars, ...
Nathaniel is protesting's user avatar
11 votes

Can somebody summarize the different "branches" of Christianity to me, and explain why they exist in the first place?

The other answers here are good, but I'll try to directly address some questions with more detail. And this is the sort of question where a lot of answers are "it's complicated, and no one perspective ...
ReallyBigRock's user avatar
10 votes

How do Christians reconcile archeology with the Bible in the account of the Battle of Jericho?

Several methods of dating put the destruction of Jerusalem in 587 BC, the beginning of the building of Solomon's Temple at 967 BC, the Fall of Jericho at 1406 BC, and the descent into Egypt of Jacob ...
Andrew Shanks's user avatar
10 votes
Accepted

What are the names of two thieves who were crucified along with Jesus?

Gospel of Nicodemus The earliest known record of the thieves' names occurs in the anonymous work which eventually (several centuries later) became known as the Gospel of Nicodemus. The work is ...
ThaddeusB's user avatar
  • 7,785
10 votes
Accepted

What is the history of silent prayer?

There is indeed much evidence that silent prayer was taught and practiced in the early church. Several examples from the first few centuries will demonstrate this: Clement of Alexandria (150–215) ...
Nathaniel is protesting's user avatar
10 votes

Authenticity of the Pontius Pilate's letter to Tiberius Caesar?

I would say probable forgery. First searching for the letter before a link/source was added revealed at least 3 letters, each is written differently: Letter of Pilate to Tiberius 1 - Unable to verify ...
depperm's user avatar
  • 8,612
9 votes

Was there a reason Jesus came at the time he did?

Was there a reason Jesus came at the time he did? The short answer is "yes" – there is nothing accidental about how the key events in the Bible timeline unfold. This is evident in Acts 41 ...
Jack Douglas's user avatar
  • 1,245
9 votes

What evidence is available that Mt. Moriah is actually the Temple Mount?

The obvious answer to the question is yes, the first Temple was built on Mount Moriah. II Chronicles 3:1 says as much: Then Solomon began to build the house of the LORD in Jerusalem on Mount Moriah, ...
ThaddeusB's user avatar
  • 7,785
9 votes
Accepted

How long was David on the run from Saul?

The short answer is: We don't know for sure because there are very few dates or ages given in the stories of Saul and David in the Bible. We cannot even be certain of the length of Saul's reign, or ...
Lee Woofenden's user avatar
9 votes
Accepted

What oil was used at the time of James?

The base was almost certainly olive oil, since that was the most readily available vegetable oil in the Mediterranean area (at least in the ancient world). The Wikipedia article (which references ...
AthanasiusOfAlex's user avatar
8 votes

Reason for drawing water at unusual time

This is a quite fascinating question, where we can speculate to our hearts' content! First, it must be pointed out that the New Living Translation you have quoted is dogmatic in its assertion that it ...
Andrew Shanks's user avatar
8 votes

Why was Aaron not allowed into the promised land?

Aaron's death was a judgement for what happened at the water of meribah. “Aaron will be gathered to his people because he will not enter into the land which I have given to the children of Israel ...
Anonymous's user avatar
8 votes

Who was the first to reject the historicity of Adam?

Philo The first-century Jewish theologian Philo may not have been the first Jew to reject the literal historicity of the creation stories, as it is my understanding that educated Alexandrian Jews had ...
Dick Harfield's user avatar

Only top scored, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible