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13

The authorship of Hebrews cannot be known for certain, but we can know several things about the author. The early church counted Hebrews among the letters of Paul, even though it does not bear Paul's name. Clement of Alexandria and Origen noted that the writing style did not match Paul's, but did not consider it a forgery. This indicates that they believed ...


13

It's called that because it was written as a letter to Hebrews. Most of the Epistles are titled after the group they were written to. (Corinthians was written to the Church at Corinth, etc.) From http://christianity.about.com/od/newtestamentbooks/a/Book-Of-Hebrews.htm Date Written: Hebrews was written before the fall of Jerusalem and the ...


12

Was any martyr of the Church sawn in two, as mentioned in Hebrews? The short answer is yes. The term "death by sawing" indicates the act of sawing a living person in half, either sagitally (usually midsagitally), or transversely. Thus, decapitation by sawing or dismemberment by sawing are tangential sub-themes, though some ambiguous cases might be ...


11

When looking at the overall context of all the warnings in Hebrews we have a situation for the unpardonable sin of fully rejecting Christ even under the sanctifying work and demonstrable power of the Holy Spirit making it absolute, thus unforgivable. It represents a full grown and stubborn unbelief in the face of a long season of powerful grace and the ...


9

The Epistle to the Hebrews is not aware of the Mass because it is not a person. It's a letter on a certain subject to certain people. It talks about the High Priesthood; it isn't an instruction manual on what today has come to be called the Mass. Not all teachings will be in all books. Hebrews isn't an instruction manual for saying the Mass. It's a letter ...


7

The answer to your question is further on in the chapter. Hebrews 10:11-14 ESV And every priest stands daily at his service, offering repeatedly the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins. But when Christ had offered for all time a single sacrifice for sins, he sat down at the right hand of God, waiting from that time until his enemies should be ...


7

As far as Calvin was concerned, his views on the canonicity of Hebrews can be found in his introductory comments to his commentary on Hebrews (here at pp. 16–17). He includes it "without hesitation" as part of the New Testament Canon. The factors in reaching that conclusion were: Its acceptance by the early church. This is why he feels the need to point out ...


6

I think it is as easy as you suspect. Hebrews does focus on the superiority of the New Covenant a little more from the ceremonial perspective than does some of the other Epistles, as this had more meaning to a Jewish audience. However this superiority of the blood of Christ, versus blood of bulls only has meaning as it satisfies the moral demands of the ...


6

Perhaps, some may agree with this (theophany). However, another way of looking at this passage in Hebrews is that the author is discussing an order or priestly appointment (precedent) without lineal descent. Just as Melchizedek had no known lineage (some Jewish commentators have written about traditions that Shem, Noah's son is Melchizedek, though this is ...


6

Paul Kretzmann, the son of a Lutheran pastor, wrote his Popular Commentary of the Bible, which "has been a favorite among confessional Lutherans since publication of the first volume in 1921." In his comments on Hebrews 6, he called attention to the characteristics of the one who is spoken of in the passage: they were once enlightened, tasted of ...


6

The simplest way to reconcile these passages is to dispute the KJV's translation of βραχύ as "a little." This is, in fact, what most other translations have done, including those that have no interest in internal harmonization. The NET renders Heb 2:7 as follows: Hebrews 2:6–8a (NET) 6 Instead someone testified somewhere: "What is man that ...


5

The sin referred to is not sin in general, but going back to animal sacrifices, after the ultimate sacrifice of Christ on the cross. See earlier in the chapter, as to what the Jewish priests were continuing to do. If Christ’s sacrifice were not sufficient, then “there is no sacrifice left for sin. “ If one has received Christ, he has, in effect, made his ...


5

In Moses' time, the sanctuary was cleansed once a year on the Day of Atonement. (Leviticus 16:30 KJV) For on that day shall the priest make an atonement for you, to cleanse you, that ye may be clean from all your sins before the Lord. On this day, two goats are chosen. One is sacrificed on behalf of the congregation for their sins, and the blood is ...


5

Angelic apparitions could be either metaphoric or real depending on who you ask. "Throughout Scripture, we see numerous instances in which angels were an integral part of God’s plan. One verse alludes to the possibility of angels walking among us today: “Do not forget to show hospitality to strangers, for by so doing some people have shown hospitality to ...


5

The writer of Hebrews approached the subject of Melchizedek through a combination of different avenues. 1) What’s listed explicitly in the text, through both direct information from scripture (the King of Salem/Peace), and through translation of his name (King of Righteousness). 2) The way Melchizedek acted, playing the part of a priest by blessing God’s ...


5

Calvin has this to say about Hebrews 5:9, using the word 'sanctified' for 'perfect' : Sanctified suits the passage better than "made perfect." The Greek word teleiotheis means both; but as he speaks here of the priesthood, he fitly and suitably mentions sanctification. And so Christ himself speaks in another place, "For their sakes I sanctify myself." (...


4

John Owen in his introduction to Hebrews, in my mind the best commentary written on Hebrews ever. In it Owen maintains it was written by Paul, denies the inconsistency of styles and explains the lack of Apostolic title as a kind gesture to avoid the bias the Hebrews had against him while also moving somewhat into Peter's office. To get around this tension ...


4

I have researched and written about the case for Priscilla's authorship of Hebrews. Your summary of Harnack's arguments is good. Please refer to several of my published articles on the following website: www.clarksons.org/spiritleads/ruth_hoppin.htm. My book, "Priscilla's Letter" ("La Carta de Priscila") has even more details. As for the "masculine ...


4

The passage is not talking about regular sins but in Matthew Henry's words it is talking about a total and final falling away. Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary The sin here mentioned is a total and final falling away, when men, with a full and fixed will and resolution, despise and reject Christ, the only Saviour; despise and resist the Spirit, the only ...


4

John Calvin says (Commentarium in epistolam ad Hebraeos, translated by John Owen in 1853): Were any one to object and say, that some had died twice, such as Lazarus, and not once; the answer would be this, - that the Apostle speaks here of the ordinary lot of men; but they are to be excepted from this condition, who shall by an instantaneous change put ...


4

In answer to your question; (note) all Scripture is quoted from the King James translation. The key word in: Hebrews 10:26 For if we sin wilfully after that we have received the knowledge of the truth, there remaineth no more sacrifice for sins, is the word truth. John 14:6 Jesus saith unto him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man ...


4

Because although Christians cannot lose their salvation, they can still appear before the Lord in shame rather than in confidence (1 John 2:28). The good shepherds who watch over the flock want them to enter into the best the Lord has for them, and not be "scarcely saved" (1 Peter 4:17-18). Not all Christians will inherit a crown and rule with Christ; that ...


4

The short answer is “not really,” or at least, it wouldn’t apply only to the Pope. The passage clearly refers directly to the Old Testament priesthood (see, e.g., Leviticus 16) and indirectly to Christ, who is the fulfillment of Old-Testament High Priest (Hebrews 4:14). Today’s priests and bishops do participate in the priesthood of Christ, and the Old-...


4

The Jehovah’s Witness understanding is based upon their doctrine of the Son of God having been created by Jehovah God as his first created creature. They say the first thing Jehovah created was the Archangel, Michael, who also has the name, the Word of God. This Archangel then created all the other angels, this universe, this planet and all life on it, with ...


4

Thanks for asking here. Christians believe the Bible does not in fact contain contradictions, and the people who say it does have mostly not studied it closely. The specific issues you raise are resolved as follows: The first few chapters of Genesis are viewed by most Christians as metaphorical language. It tells us important points about creation but not ...


4

After Solomon had built the temple in Jerusalem (960 B.C.) there was nothing in the Ark except the stone tablets that Moses had put there at Horeb (1 Kings 8:9 and 2 Chronicles 5:10). The NIV Study Bible notes on 2 Chronicles 5:10 say the jar of manna and Aaron’s rod were presumably lost when the Philistines captured the Ark of the Covenant. (See 1 Samuel 4:...


3

The Sacrifice of the Mass is not a repetition over and over of Christ's sacrifice. The proper understanding is that it is the one sacrifice of Christ made present. This is exactly what we covered two weeks ago in my Religious Ed. class so bear with my short Catechism Q: Why is Jesus a priest like Melchizedek? A: Because he offered bread and wine to God ...


3

The best explanation of this I have ever heard is by Jay Adams in his book on forgiveness. God does not change, and His memory does not change. Instead, Adams argues that God is not-remembering, instead of forgetting. That is, God is promising not to bring these sins against you ever again. Adams goes on to say that forgiveness in general is a three-fold ...


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