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9

If you (say you) have faith but don't have works, do you really have faith? Works are the result of faith. They don't save you. If you have faith, it is only natural that you will have works. James's question is to people who have no works. Why don't you have any works? Where is your faith? Matthew 12:33 (NASB) "Make a tree good and its fruit will be ...


9

Objection 1: It would seem that there is no distinction between actual grace and karma. For both are external causes of a person's future behavior. Therefore there is no distinction between them. Objection 2: Furthermore, karma and actual graces both influence the state of an individual after death. For karma, we are told, can influence how an individual is ...


8

James is writing his epistle to "my brethren" (1:2), who are already of the church, so he is not writing to unbelievers to tell them how to be saved from their sins an get right with God. His readers have already come to Jesus and had their sins washed away in the blood of the Lamb, been justified by faith, and entered into a saving relationship with God. ...


7

As with many things in scripture, the first thing to do is zoom out and grab some context. For freedom Christ has set us free; stand firm therefore, and do not submit again to a yoke of slavery. Look: I, Paul, say to you that if you accept circumcision, Christ will be of no advantage to you. I testify again to every man who accepts circumcision that he is ...


7

Human effort consistent with the will of God, does not oppose God's Grace. However, the words of Jesus to Peter (cf. Matthew 16:21-23), "Get behind me, Satan! You are a stumbling block to me; for you are setting your mind not on divine things, but on human things" (NRSV) are a proclamation from God himself that human effort can, indeed, oppose God's ...


7

Much of the Question has already been answered, so I will address the concern of the OP. “It would seem that he did no or minimal good works, and it's most likely that he wasn't baptised.” As to his Baptism: The CCC defines Martyr as fallows MARTYR: A witness to the truth of the faith, in which the martyr endures even death to be faithful to Christ. Those ...


6

The doctrine of Prevenient Grace is seen by those who adhere to it as a natural outcome of sound Biblical exegesis. In one respect it's akin to the doctrine of the Trinity in that it resolves apparent discrepancies. With the Trinity, we have clear teachings in Scripture that there is only one God, other clear teachings that Jesus is God, and others ...


6

Having read both of these authors, I can confidently say that Bell and Tullian are significantly different in their approaches to scripture, and in their interpretations thereof. I align myself strongly with Tullian's approach, but disagree strongly with Bell's belief. Historically speaking, Bell's theology aligns well with historical Universalism, or ...


6

I'll start with the "state of Christian grace" bit. The common teaching (and probably not limited to Catholics) is that people who die not in a state of grace do not go to heaven. BUT, the church also teaches that we don't know who is in a state of Christian grace, or not. One of the teachings of the Roman Catholic church is that once a person has been ...


6

Nephi was not perfect in keeping the commandments. In fact, in 2 Nephi 4 he cries out: 17 Nevertheless, notwithstanding the great goodness of the Lord, in showing me his great and marvelous works, my heart exclaimeth: O wretched man that I am! Yea, my heart sorroweth because of my flesh; my soul grieveth because of mine iniquities. 18 I am encompassed about,...


6

These two slogans were used to explain two major disagreements Protestants had with what the Catholic Church was teaching, and yes, they are designed to work together! They don't compete, they are alone in their own respective fields. Sola Fide refers to the belief that works are not a means or prerequisite for salvation. People are declared to be justified ...


6

The ritual the O.P. is describing is a typical blessing of ordinary objects, of which there are many examples in the Shorter Roman Ritual, for example. (Keep in mind that there is no set “rite” for blessings of this kind—the ritual is indicative, not binding.) The blessing of a “normal” object does not turn it into a sacramental or (better said) a sacred ...


6

I see that this question has already accepted an answer, but the comments suggest that some concerns still remain, so I'll attempt to provide an answer that fills in these gaps. I would think that most Christians agree that we should love our neighbor as ourselves. The disagreement concerns what is considered to be loving. This would to come down to a ...


5

Baptism leaves an indelible mark on the soul, but heresy separates one from the Church. Canon 2314, 1917 Code of Canon Law: “All apostates from the Christian faith and each and every heretic or schismatic: 1) Incur ipso facto excommunication Pope Leo XIII, Satis Cognitum (# 9), June 29, 1896:  “… can it be lawful for anyone to reject any one ...


5

There are many types of grace. Some God freely gives (e.g., the grace to convert a sinner toward prayer and repentance). Others are merited. There are sanctifying, gratuitous, cooperating, and operating graces (cf. St. Thomas Aquinas's Treatise on Grace in his Summa Theologica). Read Fr. Réginald Garrigou-Lagrange, O.P.'s introduction to his commentary on ...


5

Galatians 4:7 So you are no longer a slave, but God's child; and since you are his child, God has made you also an heir. so now we need to bring the good fruit John 15:8 This is to my Father's glory, that you bear much fruit, showing yourselves to be my disciples. We are held accountable to what we have inherited. 1 John 3:3 All who have ...


5

No, the Catholic understanding of justification not occurring by grace alone has not changed. The 1999 Joint Declaration on the Doctrine of Justification has not created any new doctrine, but restates Catholic doctrine on this point. The Canons of the Sixth Session of the Council of Trent include, among others, the following statements: CANON I. If any one ...


5

In order to understand the Church’s teaching, it is important to understand exactly what she means by grace (and specifically “sanctifying grace,” which is the fundamental condition for salvation). What is grace? Grace can refer to any gratuitous gift from God; however the kind that interests us here is called sanctifying or habitual grace. What it ...


5

Resistible grace in the Council of Orange The conclusion to the council's canons says: After grace has been received through baptism, all baptized persons have the ability and responsibility, if they desire to labor faithfully, to perform with the aid and cooperation of Christ what is of essential importance in regard to the salvation of their soul. ...


5

Jesus said: “Love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your mind. This is the greatest and most important commandment. The second is like it: Love your neighbour as yourself. All the Law and the Prophets depend on these two commandments” (Matthew 22:37–40). We will never love our neighbour as ourselves if we do not first ...


5

Grace is a quality (a type of accident) that inheres in the soul, analogous to how the quality of redness inheres in a red apple. St. Thomas Aquinas, Summa Theologica I-II q. 110 a. 1 ("Whether grace implies anything in the soul?") co.: when a man is said to have the grace of God, there is signified something bestowed on man by God. I-II q. 110 a. 2 ("...


4

As it's been preached to me, justice, here, refers to God's faithfulness to His own promises. It does not refer to giving us what we deserve, which would be Hell. Toward us, justice would necessarily mean Hell. Instead, "Just" refers to the fact that He has promised to forgive us through the cleansing power of Christ's blood, as long as we have repented ...


4

Mediation is a relative term. That is you can't mediate something from yourself to someone else per se. For example, Christ mediates between God and man (being Himself both). Thus, any of us can mediate (go between or relay something/be the instrument of confering something to someone else): 1 Timothy 2:2 First of all, then, I urge that petitions, ...


4

Unfortunately a Catholic living in the state of grace and has never committed a mortal sin could be diabolically possessed by a demon(s) through no fault of their own. Sometimes a person is unaware that the possession has happened until it is too late. Fr. Gabriele Amorth in his book, An Exorcist Tells His Story (pages 56-63) gives the following reasons ...


4

The Reformed tradition would say that we are still required to keep the law, even though we are not saved by our works. God still wants us to do what He has commanded us to do, even though we are never justified on the basis of our works. Our motivation is different than those who are not saved, because rather than doing works as an attempt to save ourselves,...


4

Christians of all denominations (Eastern Orthodox, Roman Catholic, Protestant) may all say grace before meals. Some do and some don't consistently or not. The origin of the practice is from Scripture. Now the Spirit speaketh expressly, that in the latter times some shall depart from the faith, giving heed to seducing spirits, and doctrines of devils; ...


4

Not only is God loving, merciful and forgiving, He is also just. God will not allow sinful deeds to go unpunished: He loves righteousness and justice; the earth is full of the steadfast love of the Lord. (Psalms 33:5) Righteousness and justice are the foundation of your throne; steadfast love and faithfulness go before you. (Psalms 89:4) I said in my heart, ...


3

Hah, well, you've got a couple ambiguous statements to begin with: "Human effort does not oppose God's grace." "As long as you do your best , God will indeed do the rest." What do you mean by human effort? Effort in what? Doing your best in what? And what is God gracing you with? What is the "rest" that he is doing? If you're ...


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