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Wikipedia does a good job of summarizing the heresy, but I want to pull out some source material. Some of the sayings do attest to the synpotic Gospels, but there is a lot of heresy in there too: From the top, selected parts of The Gospel of Thomas: These are the secret sayings that the living Jesus spoke and Didymos Judas Thomas recorded. 1. And he ...


7

tl;dr> Patterson Brown, in particular, has argued the disunity within the Nag Hammadi Corpus. That's about the best you're going to get without defining a positive corpus, as opposed to the inverse of the canon. The problem with answering this question is that you are asking a question akin to "Are the books not on the NY Times Best-seller list as unified ...


6

It seems as though many that assert the possibility are either looking at why the Gnostics believed that Paul was a member of such, as Pagels, they are not Christian, as Massey, or are either mysticism or on the periphery of accepted or mainstream Christianity. Pseudo-Apocrypha like The Apocalypse of Paul and other Gnostic documents from Nag Hammadi seem ...


5

Valentinus was a Gnostic. St. Paul was not a Gnostic. Paul simply made mention of common ideas in accordance with Greek Cosmology when writing to the people in Asia Minor. The Logos, Pleroma, epignosis, and many other ideas were taught by Plato, Heraclitus, and other Greek philosophers at least as far back as 300 B.C. Gnosticism starts on a base in the ...


4

Short Answer: No, Docetism was not a necessary feature of Gnosticism (or even the Christian variety of Gnosticism.) It was however, a very popular solution for Gnostics, who necessarily held that God cannot interact directly with the material world. Gnosticism held that the material world was evil and the spiritual world was holy. At first glance this might ...


3

The surviving church fathers's writings contained the still-united Church's defense against one of the earliest heresies: Gnosticism. But we only read the church's side of the argument. Not until the Nag Hammadi discovery 75 years ago that we are now able to learn the Gnostic's own voice through their own writings. St. Irenaeus (c. 130 - c. 202) wrote ...


3

Based on the account in The Acts of the Apostles, we could never consider Paul to be a gnostic. The mere fact that he was taught the gospel in Damascus by disciples of the centrist church means that he must have taught the same message as did James, Peter and John in Jerusalem. Although originally anonymous, Acts has been attributed to Luke, the companion of ...


2

Saint Paul is considered to be a Gnostic because he preached Gnostic doctrines in his letters which modern Christians are completely ignorant of. Paul's ideas are extremely dualistic in nature consisting of physical and spiritual elements. It is sown a natural body; it is raised a spiritual body. If there is a natural body, there is also a spiritual ...


2

Though he is certainly not a mainstream Christian theologian, Emanuel Swedenborg (1688-1772) does offer some statements on God's eternity, and on Jesus Christ in relation to God and eternity, that may be helpful in answering the question. These are taken from his work True Christianity, originally published in Latin in Amsterdam, 1771. The first two are ...


2

From a Catholic perspective The term "eternity" (and the accompanying adjective "eternal") is used several times in the Catechism of the Catholic Church, but is never defined there. In the Summa Theologica of Thomas Aquinas, there is a whole "Question" ("investigation" might be a better translation of the word) ...


2

The key difference between orthodox Christianity and gnostic Christianity was that the orthodox required faith in what was taught by the elders, as received (or, if you like, supposedly received) from the apostles. In order to ensure uniformity, orthodox Christianity developed a hierarchy, so that bishops could oversee presbyters, who oversaw deacons, all ...


2

I can think of many examples from the letters of Paul which support him being a gnostic, not least, his very own words asserting that he taught a secret knowledge: “But we impart a secret and hidden wisdom of God, which God decreed before the ages for our glory.” (1 Corinthians 2:7). One of many verses that comes to mind, because it supports a basic ...


2

Before reading this question, I had never heard of the term "demiurge," nor am I very familiar with philosophical terms, but I'm familiar with the Bible and the beliefs of Jehovah's Witnesses (since I am one), so I can answer based on the brief explanation given on Wikipedia of a Demiurge. Jehovah's Witnesses do not believe Jesus is a (co-)creator. ...


1

The Gnostics were already in decline numerically by the third century, but events brought about the elimination of Gnostic Christianity over the centuries that followed. Emperor Constantine Elaine Pagels says,in Beyond Belief, page 168, that Constantine ordered the return or restitution of property confiscated from the Christian church during the ...


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