11 votes
Accepted

Did any of the Apostolic Fathers know Paul?

A case could be made for Clement of Rome, considered by Irenaeus (Against Heresies III.3.3) and Eusebius (Church History V.6) to be the fourth Bishop of Rome (after Peter, Linus, and [Ana]cletus). (...
AthanasiusOfAlex's user avatar
10 votes

Authenticity of the Pontius Pilate's letter to Tiberius Caesar?

I would say probable forgery. First searching for the letter before a link/source was added revealed at least 3 letters, each is written differently: Letter of Pilate to Tiberius 1 - Unable to verify ...
depperm's user avatar
  • 9,300
10 votes

How many wives did Adam have?

Adam had only ONE wife, Eve. The simple answer is that Genesis chapter 1 is like an overview of the events of creation. It can be seen as the introduction. Then Genesis chapter 2 goes on to provide ...
Lesley's user avatar
  • 31.5k
8 votes

Is there extra-biblical evidence for the Exodus?

"I've heard from multiple sources that there isn't even the slightest of (extra-biblical) evidence of the Exodus story or even evidence for the presence of Israelites in Egypt. If this is true.......
Andrew Shanks's user avatar
6 votes

Is there any evidence to support Matthew's gospel account of the curtain in the Jerusalem Temple being torn in two?

James Ussher, in his Annals of the World (first published in 1658), writes: “Phlegon stated that in the 19th year of Tiberius (as Eustathius Antiochus noted in Hexaemeron) and the fourth year of the ...
Anne's user avatar
  • 30k
6 votes

How do believers in Jesus' deity explain that Jesus is never claimed to be God/divine in the Old Roman Creed and the Didache?

Why do I need to explain the reason Jesus Christ is not mentioned or noted as God in the "Roman Creed" and the Didache? ONE is arguing from silence any time you point to specific data that ...
Mr. Bond's user avatar
  • 5,312
5 votes

How many wives did Adam have?

According to Scriptures, the only wife that Adam had was Eve. Notwithstanding the biblical sources, that Adam had only one wife, there is a legend that Adam had a Wife named Lilith. Lilith is the ...
Ken Graham's user avatar
  • 71.3k
5 votes
Accepted

Is there any evidence to support Matthew's gospel account of the curtain in the Jerusalem Temple being torn in two?

It is desirable in any important matter to have strong testimony to a fact. As a Protestant, my primary source is always the scripture and it is scripture itself which advises that one should have ...
Nigel J's user avatar
  • 25.2k
5 votes

Are there any universally accepted or non-Abrahamic based records in history that have mentions of longevity of prophets?

You might be interested in the Sumerian King List. These kings lived for centuries before a flood. When kingship was lowered from heaven, kingship was [first] in Eridu. [In] Eridu, A-lulim [became] ...
Mea quidem sententia's user avatar
5 votes
Accepted

What is the earliest explicit mention of infant baptism?

What is the earliest explicit mention of infant baptism? It seems that St. Irenaeus (202 AD) is the earliest to reference to the practice of infant baptism. In 185 AD, he wrote the following: ...
Ken Graham's user avatar
  • 71.3k
5 votes
Accepted

How do believers in Jesus' deity explain that Jesus is never claimed to be God/divine in the Old Roman Creed and the Didache?

Arguments from Silence This is an articulate example of employing the argument from silence. Arguments from silence always rely on an unstated premise (think about it, it's actually pretty funny). ...
Hold To The Rod's user avatar
5 votes
Accepted

Do Cessationists reject Lee Strobel and Craig S. Keener's books collating modern-day miracle reports?

Apologies for the slightly sarcastic tone of this answer but I suppose the opinion of a Cessationist would lean towards sarcasm. The question in my mind is basically "What do doubters think about ...
Mike's user avatar
  • 31.8k
4 votes

Did any of the Apostolic Fathers know Paul?

We don't know. One writing included among those attributed to the Apostolic Fathers is the Epistle of Barnabas. If the Epistle of Barnabas was written by Barnabas, then yes - Barnabas knew Paul. An ...
Paul Chernoch's user avatar
4 votes

Is there any extra-Biblical 'evidence' of Herod's murder of babies?

The short answer is: none known to date. A variety of speculation has arisen on the relationship between how Herod conducted himself and the impact that had on the narrations related to him in ...
KorvinStarmast's user avatar
4 votes
Accepted

Any research done on the Narrative of Zosimus & Lehi's "Tree of Life" Dream in 1 Nephi (LDS scripture)? Similarities? More info on N. of Zosimus?

To answer all five of your questions. Yes, there is more information. There are English translations. You can find a rendering of the text in English at newadvent.org. that appears to date to 18961....
KorvinStarmast's user avatar
4 votes
Accepted

How tall was Jesus?

How tall was Jesus? The apocrypha do not speak of the height of Jesus, but like the apocrypha the Shroud of Turin is to be considered an extra biblical source of possible information. One is free to ...
Ken Graham's user avatar
  • 71.3k
4 votes

What is the earliest explicit mention of infant baptism?

There are various passages in the New Testament and early Christian writers which have been interpreted to imply or support infant baptism. However, since you ask for explicit mentions, I'm going ...
sondra.kinsey's user avatar
4 votes

Is there extra-biblical evidence for the Exodus?

One problem with finding an answer to this important question is that there are conflicting views as to which Pharaohs ruled when. There is an Egyptologist who says it was NOT Thutmose III who was on ...
Anne's user avatar
  • 30k
4 votes
Accepted

Has any reputable Christian claimed to have been physically visited by Jesus Christ Himself after Paul's conversion?

What is a 'Reputable Christian'? Do they have to be famous, well documented and of unimpeachable character? Or do they simply have to be honest and God-fearing? I ask because I knew such an honest and ...
Lesley's user avatar
  • 31.5k
4 votes

Extra-biblical evidence of "Joshua's long day" and "Hezekiah’s sign"?

In the Bible, Joshua 10:12-14 states that both the sun and the moon appeared to ‘stand still’, giving Joshua enough time to complete the battle and so to defeat the Amorites. Verse 13 says this was ...
Anne's user avatar
  • 30k
3 votes
Accepted

According to Catholics when were names added to The Book of Life?

St Thomas Aquinas covers this question (more-or-less) and I don't think you're going to find this in the Catechism. I think someone smarter than me will have to interpret it for you. Therefore those ...
Peter Turner's user avatar
  • 34.6k
3 votes
Accepted

Mark and Romans: are these the same Rufus?

The same Rufus may have been mentioned in Polycarp's Epistle to the Philippians (ch. 9): Παρακαλῶ οὖν πάντας ὑμᾶς, πειθαρχεῖν τῷ λόγῳ τῆς δικαιοσύνης καὶ ἀσκεῖν πᾶσαν ὑπομονήν, ἣν καὶ εἴδατε κατ’ ...
guest37's user avatar
  • 5,677
3 votes

How is the ‘Resurrection of the Holy Ones’ in Mt.27:51-53 understood by those who consider it a literal, historical event?

There is geological evidence of two Earthquakes in the middle east between A.D. 26 and 32: http://www.nbcnews.com/id/47555983/ns/technology_and_science-science/t/quake-reveals-day-jesus-crucifixion-...
Paul Chernoch's user avatar
3 votes
Accepted

How is the ‘Resurrection of the Holy Ones’ in Mt.27:51-53 understood by those who do NOT consider it a literal, historical event?

If Mark and/or Luke used Matthew as a source, then it seems most plausible to me to explain their omission as disagreement with Matthew---i.e., they thought it did not actually happen. If instead ...
Ben W's user avatar
  • 308
3 votes

Was Jesus recorded on the census?

Jesus and his disciples were ‘idiotes’ (Private Persons) and ‘agrammatos’ (unregistered), not enrolled in civil contracts. The reason why they paid the temple tax was because of Peter’s ‘affirmation’...
Leo Garcia's user avatar
3 votes
Accepted

Do the church fathers ever include quotes of Jesus that aren't from the Bible?

There is a well-researched 2016 article from National Catholic Register Blog addressing precisely your question, which also includes "extra credit" by describing a Catholic framework for ...
GratefulDisciple's user avatar
3 votes
Accepted

Historical evidence of Slaughter of the Innocents besides St. Matthew's Gospel?

What historical evidence is there of the Slaughter of the Innocents? Apart from the Gospel of St. Matthew, it seems that there is a serious lack of any recognized historical evidence for the ...
Ken Graham's user avatar
  • 71.3k
3 votes
Accepted

Are there any extra-biblical writings that document what the early Christians believed about the second coming of Christ?

Are there any extra-biblical writings that documents what the early Christians believed about the second coming of Christ? Of course there are! The following have all written about it: Didache The ...
Ken Graham's user avatar
  • 71.3k
3 votes

What was the early Church Fathers' understanding of the "baptism with Holy Spirit and fire"?

The Roman Catholic scholars, Kilian McDonnell and George Montague, did a lot of work in this area. One can read about it in their book, “Christian Initiation and Baptism in the Holy Spirit. Evidence ...
Jess's user avatar
  • 3,552

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