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Short answer In the pre-Nicaean era, lapsi referred to those who renounced their faith under persecution by Roman authorities. During the AD 250 Decian persecution most who lapsed were not tortured, but were required to sacrifice in a court proceeding. See the wikipedia article Lapsi for the 5 ways of how they lapsed. Valerian persecution was harsher, ...


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The council has a bad rap because a lot of people think the Bishops bowed to the secular power of Constantine whose judgement and wisdom is always likened to the secular authority of the day. So when Trump was president, it seems like Constantine is just making baseless decisions on no facts, now that Biden is president people will view Constantine as ...


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We know there was a conflict in the very early church about the 3-day observance of Christ's death, burial, and resurrection. Some wanted to observe the 14th (Passover), which came to be called the Last Supper. Others wanted to observe the resurrection, which came to be determined about Sunday sunrise. The Council of Nicea met to discuss the issue, among ...


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