11 votes
Accepted

Do any of the seven ecumenical councils condemn slavery?

No, none of the ecumenical councils prohibit slavery, or deal with the subject to any significant extent. The closest connection to slavery that I have found in the ecumenical councils is the ...
Nathaniel is protesting's user avatar
8 votes
Accepted

What do Protestants think about canon laws given by the Church Fathers?

In general, Protestants don't think about the early church canon laws much at all! Protestants endorse the ecumenical creeds, and they accept the councils' judgements of heretics, but that's about the ...
curiousdannii's user avatar
  • 20.1k
7 votes

Was the Nicene Creed accepted under duress?

Background There are several key details missing from the existing answers. Despite offering a bounty on this question to see about getting some more complete answers, no additional answers were ...
James Shewey's user avatar
  • 2,636
6 votes
Accepted

Do Catholic anathemas apply to people who lived before it was codified?

Do Catholic anathemas apply to people who lived before it was codified? For example: Do the anathemas issued by the Council of Trent regarding the canon of the scripture applies to the Church Fathers ...
Ken Graham's user avatar
  • 70.6k
5 votes

Which specific canons of the Second Council of Constantinople do Lutherans and Calvinists reject?

The First Four Councils The main, but only the main, conclusions of each of the first four Ecumenical Councils were specifically endorsed by both Calvin and Luther personally. These 4 councils ...
davidlol's user avatar
  • 7,862
5 votes

When did marriage become a sacrament?

A formal definition by a council is not always the first instance something was accepted as true (or as a sacrament). Often the council reacted to an attack on an already accepted tenet of faith. ...
Wim Vanraes's user avatar
5 votes
Accepted

Was any of Flavius Josephus' work relevant to the Council of Nicea?

The most important early Church documents that relate to the history of the First Council of Nicaea written by contemporaries of the period are, I think, the Acts and Canons of the Council; the ...
guest37's user avatar
  • 5,677
5 votes

How do Nontrinitarians justify accepting the canon of Scripture but rejecting the Trinity?

Most nontrinitarian groups are somewhat "on the fringes" of Protestantism (for the very reason that they reject the Trinity doctrine), and a few even deny that they are either Protestant or ...
Anne's user avatar
  • 28.8k
4 votes
Accepted

What is the origin of 'omnipotence' as an attribute of God in the ecumenical councils and other Christian authorities?

The omnipotence of God is affirmed in the Creed set forth at the first Ecumenical Council in Nicea in 325: "We believe in one God, the Father Almighty [παντοκράτορ - pantokrator] ..." As the Creed ...
guest37's user avatar
  • 5,677
4 votes
Accepted

What record is there of a canon of Scripture having been set at the First Ecumenical Council?

tl;dr: There is no record of the Council of Nicaea defining the Canon of Scripture. It is not clear what Jerome meant. The Catholic Encyclopedia's entry for the Book of Judith summarizes what we know,...
bradimus's user avatar
  • 3,670
4 votes
Accepted

What was influence of Thomism on the Council of Trent?

St. Thomas had great influence on Trent, and several of his teachings became, almost verbatim, defined dogma at that council. From the encyclical Æterni Patris (1879) on the restoration of Christian ...
Geremia's user avatar
  • 39k
4 votes

Did the apostolic or early church fathers acknowledge Papal infallibility?

I found an official Roman Catholic web site with an article entitled ‘Did the early church fathers espouse papal infallibility?’ The first article (link below) opened with this observation: The ...
Lesley's user avatar
  • 30.7k
4 votes

Why was homoousios used in the Nicene Creed?

The Nicene Creed is the official doctrine of most Christian churches—the Catholic Church, Eastern Orthodox Church, Oriental Orthodox Churches, Church of the East, and Anglican Communion, as well as ...
Nigel J's user avatar
  • 24.7k
4 votes

Are there any Protestant denominations that reject any of the first six Church Ecumenical Councils?

Disclaimer: Some Protestants prefer that churches which deny the core teachings of the Ecumenical Councils should not be considered truly Protestant. For purposes of this answer, I used the definition ...
Dan Fefferman's user avatar
4 votes
Accepted

Are there any Protestant denominations that reject any of the first six Church Ecumenical Councils?

According to this source, nontrinitarian groups (LDS, JW, Unitarians, etc) reject all of the ecumenical councils. Ecumenical councils are not recognized by nontrinitarian churches such as the Church ...
SLM's user avatar
  • 13.4k
3 votes
Accepted

Trying to understand the footnotes in the documents of the Vatican II council

"Denzinger" is the Enchiridion Symbolorum et Definitionum, the Handbook of Creeds and Definitions, first compiled by Heinrich Denzinger in the 19th century. This is a summary of sources for the most ...
Matt Gutting's user avatar
  • 18.5k
3 votes
Accepted

What scriptural arguments for the Trinity were used in the First Council of Nicea?

We do not have any minutes or transcripts from the Council of Nicea. Bishop Theodoret of Cyrrhus, wrote his Ecclesiastical History about 450 AD, though based on earlier sources. In Chapter 6 of ...
davidlol's user avatar
  • 7,862
3 votes

Does the Roman-Catholic Church recognize the Quinisext Council?

This article gives much more detail on the historical context of the council and what was discussed there, but the answer to your question lies in the last few paragraphs: The patristic Church ...
J. Tate's user avatar
  • 416
3 votes
Accepted

What was the difference between Jerusalem's honorary primacy and the primacy of Rome, Alexandria, and Antioch?

Canon VI of the Council of Nicaea says, among other things: LET the ancient customs in Egypt, Libya and Pentapolis prevail, that the Bishop of Alexandria have jurisdiction in all these, since ...
Dick Harfield's user avatar
3 votes

How could a seventh-century heretic have possessed papal infallibility?

Everett Ferguson, in Church History, I, 17.I, summarizes Roman Catholic response to this question as follows: Roman Catholics have defended Honorius's orthodoxy (and so papal infallibility) by ...
Nathaniel is protesting's user avatar
3 votes

Did the apostolic or early church fathers acknowledge Papal infallibility?

St. Robert Bellarmine, On the Roman Pontiff (from De Controversiis), vol. 2, Book IV: "On the Supreme Spiritual Power of the Pope", ch. I: "Whether the Pope Is the Supreme Judge in ...
Geremia's user avatar
  • 39k
3 votes

How do Nontrinitarians justify accepting the canon of Scripture but rejecting the Trinity?

Let's start with the Old Testament. Why would Unitarians Christians reject those? They have very similar grounds for accepting them as Trinitarian Christians. There's really no difference there. Now ...
Only True God's user avatar
3 votes
Accepted

When a Council Deprives an Archbishop of "Sacerdotal Communion"?

When a Council Deprives an Archbishop of "Sacerdotal Communion"? The Lord Jesus Christ whom he blasphemed decides by this holy Council that Nestorius is deprived of his episcopal dignity ...
Ken Graham's user avatar
  • 70.6k
3 votes
Accepted

Why is the Council of Jerusalem not considered as the First Ecumenical Council of the Catholic Church?

Why is the Council of Jerusalem not considered as the First Ecumenical Council of the Catholic Church? First of all, what is an Ecumenical Council? Ecumenical Councils are those to which the bishops, ...
Ken Graham's user avatar
  • 70.6k
3 votes
Accepted

Do the canons of the Second Council of Constantinople anathematise those who believe that Mary and Joseph consummated their marriage?

To answer the OP, not really. Here's Canon II. If anyone shall not confess that the Word of God has two nativities, the one from all eternity of the Father, without time and without body; the other ...
SLM's user avatar
  • 13.4k
2 votes

What churches eat undercooked meat?

From a Christian's point of view, all dietary restrictions were abolished after Peter's vision of all animals being made clean (Acts 10:9-16). This instruction came before the Council referred to ...
Dr Jonathan Kimmitt's user avatar
2 votes

Which, if any, of the seven Church Councils viewed as "Ecumenical" by Eastern Orthodox Christians are rejected by the Roman Catholic Church?

Each and every one of the first Seven Ecumenical Councils are recognized as valid councils by the Catholic Church. No Roman Pontiff has ever decreed it otherwise. You will not find any Papal Bulls or ...
Ken Graham's user avatar
  • 70.6k
2 votes
Accepted

Is there a Catholic council that established the dogma that the eschaton is in "Heaven" rather than in the Promised Land?

It appears that a belief in a new creation which would have some earthly aspect to it has never been abandoned, though this is not well-known. See The Catholic Encyclopedia (1917) on the New Advent ...
Pilgrim's user avatar
  • 242
2 votes

What record is there of a canon of Scripture having been set at the First Ecumenical Council?

The records from the Nicene Council that survived to the modern day make no mention of setting a canon. Jerome's preface to Judith, less than 100 years after the council, says that the Nicene Council ...
emeth's user avatar
  • 1,259
2 votes

When was the festival of the see of Peter in the 6th Century?

When was the festival of the See of Peter in the 6th Century? It would seem that the festival in question would be the Feast of the Chair of St. Peter. But the date of this feast was January 18 and ...
Ken Graham's user avatar
  • 70.6k

Only top scored, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible