5

"Indefectibility" is, according to Catholic Dictionary by Fr. John Hardon, S.J., the Imperishable duration of the Church and her immutability until the end of time. The First Vatican Council declared that the Church possesses an invincible stabilityinvictamque stabilitatem and that, being founded upon the Rock, will stand firm ...


3

Abel was the first to offer sacrifice pleasing to God. cf. You Shall Worship One God: The Mystery of Loving Sacrifice in Salvation History by Fr. Philippe, O.P., ch. 1, §"Sacrifice Before the Law" Adam did offer sacrifice (to offer sacrifice as part of our nature), but it seems it was not pleasing to God on account of his Original Sin. According to St. ...


2

1. Reading the Gospels as Protestants This verse from the Aramaic scriptures tells us the virgins (we, Christians) will meet both the bridegroom and bride. A few things here: firstly only a very small number of Protestants would accept Aramaic-primacy. It also doesn't have any relevance to this question. Just because the Greek text doesn't include "Again ...


2

The scripture you quote shows that there were divisions amongst Christians circa A.D. 55, as existing divisions prompted Paul to write that admonition. He goes on to mention the risk of sectarian splits with some following Paul, Apollos or Cephas. Others wisely said they followed Christ. In chapter 3 Paul speaks again of jealousy and quarrelling and factions,...


2

Where does the principle of applying the concept of model ... come from? I think your question is caused by a misunderstanding of English language. I speak German (not English) and work in the field of electrical engineering. In the university we were told what the German word "Modell" (English: "model") means: A model is a simplification of something, ...


2

In Jehovah's Witness theology, "the Church" is restricted to 144,001 humans who form the heavenly government, with the risen Jesus Christ as its head. The others (the 144,000) are humans from earth who are selected to go to heaven and reign with Christ in the heavenly aspect of God's kingdom, over the earthly aspect. In their "Insight on the Scriptures" ...


1

Was there a time when bishops were not appointed to other sees and did not generally ever relocate? The simple answer is yes. In the Early Church, the bishop of a diocese was chosen by the local clergy and not appointed to the diocese by the pope. Thus transfers to other articles sees was extremely rare, if not non-existent. It was however not unheard of ...


1

In the UK, independent churches are often legally registered as charities so they can be part of the "Gift Aid Scheme", a scheme set up by the UK Government which allows the income tax portion of a gift from a UK Income Tax payer to be reclaimed back from the Inland Revenue. So if I give £80 and am a taxpayer who has already paid £20 on the £100 originally ...


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