The Covenant of Redemption in the Bible
Your attitude should be the same as that of Christ Jesus: Who, being
in very nature God, did not consider equality with God something to be
grasped, but made himself nothing, taking the very nature of a
servant, being made in human likeness. And being found in appearance
as a man, he humbled himself and ...
Who first developed this concept of a covenant of grace?
Much like the doctrine of the trinity, to proponents of the doctrine, the answer is, "It comes from the Bible." But obviously the actual historical development and refinement of definitions is less straight-forward than that. But do keep in mind that to those explicating covenant theology, all they're ...
The word dispensation has been around for a long time, long before John Darby founded Dispensationalism, and the use of it is not unique to his followers. Covenant theologian Vern Poythress writes:
Virtually all branches of the church, and all ages of the church, have believed that there are distinctive epochs or “dispensations” in God’s government of ...
Are any of them everlasting ?
There are thirteen references to the 'everlasting covenant' (KJV Old Testament) and one reference to 'the everlasting testament' (KJV New Testament) that I can find:
Either these are fourteen different covenants referring to a variety of everlasting matters ... or they are fourteen different aspects of the one New Testament, ...
Outline from some RCIA material on the Six Covenants
This outline is backed up by various Cathechism articles and the Catholic Encyclopedia. I have included some of the scriptural references that I have in the notes.
The Catholic Church teaches that there are six covenants. But first ...
What is a Covenant?
God’s Covenants are ways that he reveals Himself, ...
In Covenant Theology, the Noahic Covenant is often called the "covenant of common grace" or the "covenant of nature." Still, it is seen as linked to the Covenant of Grace.
This isn't the only place that a "covenant of common grace" or even a "universal covenant" appears in covenant theology. John Frame argues that the "Edenic covenant" (his preferred term ...
John Knox, the leader of the Reformation in Scotland, wrote to Calvin in 1559, asking for his view on whether it be lawful to admit to the Sacrament of Baptism the children of idolators and excommunicated persons before their parents have testified their repentance.
In reply Calvin said he had consulted colleagues in Geneva and all were agreed.
Reformed theology's view of the "covenants" of scripture is that they are administrations of a single covenant, a covenant of grace. Thus the "new covenant" that Christ talks about is seen as something that in many ways had existed long prior. As Louis Berkhof writes:
The covenant of grace, as it is revealed in the New Testament, is ...
Does God 'replace' his covenant with Abraham ?
What relationship does the 'new' covenant bear to the 'everlasting' covenant ?
In Genesis 17: 3-14, God is quite clearly expressing two different covenants.
One is an everlasting covenant with Abraham and his 'seed' (which is clearly, from hindsight, a spiritual seed). This is made clear in the New Testament ...
We know that Paul refers to this passage in a spiritual type as circumcising the heart.
Rom 2:29 But he is a Jew, which is one inwardly; and circumcision is that of the heart, in the spirit, and not in the letter; whose praise is not of men, but of God.
Col 2:11 In whom also ye are circumcised with the circumcision made without hands, in putting off the ...
In a limited sense, yes, some Reformed paedobaptists have supported this: the presentation of slave children for baptism by their masters was practiced and supported in the Presbyterian Church in the USA in the antebellum period. However, I find no evidence that adult slaves were baptized except upon their own conversion (that is, not when the master was ...
The Heidelberg Catechism says that baptism has replaced circumcision. (Emphasis mine).
Q & A 74
Q. Should infants also be baptized?
Infants as well as adults
are included in God’s covenant and people,
and they, no less than adults, are promised
deliverance from sin through Christ’s blood
and the Holy Spirit who produces faith.
Therefore, by ...
In this sermon by James Orr, a prominent Presbyterian minister of the 19th century, we have some guidance on this question:
He makes a few points, here quoted:
(1) Moses "builded an altar under the hill, and twelve pillars,
according to the twelve tribes of Israel" (ver. 4).
As to when the New Covenant came into force, the answer is simple:
For where a testament is, there must also of necessity be the death of the testator. For a testament is of force after men are dead: otherwise it is of no strength at all while the testator liveth. (Hebrews 9:16-17, KJV)
David VanDrunen (Professor of Systematic Theology and Christian Ethics ...
A book written by Protestant B. N. Howard has on the contents page, “The Seven Divine Covenants.” (The Book of the Covenant, published by the good book company in 2013.) But other Protestants would disagree.
From personal e-mail correspondence I had with a Protestant friend on parts of that book came the statement, “There are two covenants. The first ...
The origin of today's "Free Grace Theology" movement is typically associated with Lewis Sperry Chafer, the famous dispensationalist, and one of its leading proponents has been Zane Hodges (of Dallas Theological Seminary, a major dispensationalist institution). In Major Bible Themes, Chafer writes:
The Scriptures are violated and the whole doctrine of ...
Covenant Theology is the framework of understanding Scripture through the lens of covenants. The Redemption Covenant being the primary oldest one and fulfilled in Christ Jesus. The other two are works and grace.
So, with that in mind, we know the reality that Christ purchased His people with His blood.
In whom we have redemption through his blood, the ...
According to Paul, there are two covenants. One he allegorically compares to Hagar and bondage, while the other to Sarah and freedom. This is the difference between the "covenant of works" and "the covenant of grace". All covenants between God and men in the Bible fall within these two basic camps.
Which things are an allegory: for these ...
Dr. Scott Hahn mentions 6 Covenants as outlined by St. Irenaeus of Lyon in the 2nd Century:
1: Adam and Eve (Gen. 1:26-2:3)
2: Noah and his family (Genesis 9:8-17)
3: Abraham and descendants (Gen 12,17, and 22)
4: Moses and Israelites (Exodus 19, 3, and 6)
5: David and the Kingdom (2 Samuel 7)
6: Jesus and His Church (Matthew 26:28 and 16:17-19)
FWIW, this is not "Official from the Vatican" teaching, but it is something that I've participated in as part of Catechist training.
Mark Hart, (the VP of Life Teen, a Catholic youth outreach program) has a great series of programs on reading the Bible as a story composed as a series of covenants Called T3 Teen Timeline. I believe it's a pared down Teen-...