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11

In the Catholic Church, laicization (sometimes called “defrocking”) of a priest is much more complicated and is imposed as a penalty much less frequently than, say, the removal of a minister in other denominations. That is because the Catholic Church has a properly sacramental understanding of the priesthood. According to Catholic teaching, once a man is ...


10

The kind of comparison you are suggesting is not going to work for a number of reasons. The most prominent one is a huge difference in job description between those that different denominations consider church leaders. The Catholic church, for example, ordains priests based on several years of college-level education, as well as other requirements, academic ...


9

The Catholic Church has the Pope as its head. The basic structure underneath the Pope consists of a number of bishops, each of whom is assisted by a number of priests. Priests, in turn, are assisted by deacons (who are ordained, just as priests are, but who cannot "advance in the rankings" as priests can). However, there are a number of variances from this, ...


7

First let me correct the assumption that the model you describe is normal for Christian pastors. It is in fact only a minority that follow this. The vast majority of Christian churches, including Catholic, Anglican, Lutheran and Presbyterians follow an entirely different model. In this model they: Discern whether or not the person has a calling to Christian ...


7

Do any Christian denominations have any policies to prevent nepotism? Short answer: Yes The modern Catholic Church does, as of June 22, 1692. Pope Innocent XII. Innocent XII gave nepotism a death blow by his celebrated Bull "Romanum decet Pontificem," 22 June 1692. However, it does not appear to have actually ended the practice. Romanum decet ...


6

Quakers and Mormons have no paid staff in their local assemblies. In the national bodies, however, there is usually some renumeration or support, in order to retain staff. The truth is that very few would consider it wise to have a national organization without any accountability, which is what an all-volunteer lobby would be. Additionally, many more ...


6

Frank K. Flinn's Encyclopedia of Catholicism defines an antipope as "a person who lays claim to the office of bishop of Rome and tries to act as head of the Roman Catholic Church, in opposition to the person duly holding that ecclesiastical office in the eyes of the church as a whole." Flinn points out that there have been 39 antipopes in the history of the ...


6

Baptists and many evangelicals reject the notion of a sacremental "priest" that is somehow in essence different than mere laity, but still ordain their ministers. A "priest" confers the idea that the person is specially endowed with the ability to stand between man and God. Those who subscribe to the idea of the "priesthood of all believers" do not believe ...


5

One can do no better than quote the General Instruction of the Roman Missal. As regards the color of sacred vestments, traditional usage should be observed, namely: a) The color white is used in the Offices and Masses during Easter Time and Christmas Time; on the Solemnity of the Most Holy Trinity; and furthermore on celebrations of the Lord other ...


5

Yes. The Archbishops of certain sees are entitled to wear red ex officio, whether or not they are cardinals. The Patriarch of Venice has this right, as do the occupants of sees holding legatus natus (born legates, or legates as of right) status. Archbishops of these sees have the right to wear red. These include Salzburg, Udine, Cologne and Poznan. ...


5

Wikipedia has a good, though slightly sparse, article on the subject of Antipopes. An Antipope was someone who claimed the title of Pope in opposition to a current pope, typically setting up an alternative papacy. The two main groups of Antipopes were those set up by the Holy Roman Emperors during the 11th and 12th centuries, and those established by the ...


5

The Catholic faith celebrates 7 Sacraments. Most Protestant faiths celebrate 2, although they do not call them sacraments, but ordinances. Some Protestant faiths that celebrate a liturgical form of practice like the Catholic church also celebrate more than 2. Sacraments are outward signs that give inward holiness or grace to the soul. Sacraments are just ...


5

An etymology-based perspective Here are some meanings for these roles based on the original meanings as used in the New Testament. Many denominations attempt to use these terms in the same way, such as the Brethren, Presbyterians and some Baptist churches. Pastor: a shepherd. Someone who looks after the 'flock' of God: his people. Pastors are listed in ...


5

Since the Second Vatican Council, Pope Paul VI has permitted married men to be ordained to the permanent diaconate. Pope Paul's Apostolic Letter SACRUM DIACONATUS ORDINEM was publish on June 18,1967. Nevertheless married men can under certain circumstances be permitted to be ordained priests in the Roman Rite. It should be noted also that married men of the ...


5

The cardinalate has been prohibited for laymen since 1918, and since 1962 it must consist of bishops. So, it seems (barring the rare exceptions mentioned in the previous answer) that chancellors (cf. whom were formerly called archdeacons) are the highest position a layperson (married or not) could have. Fr. John Hardon, S.J., gives this definition of "...


5

The entire organization of Jehovah's Witnesses is funded by voluntary donations. There is no "company" that generates money to pay salaries. Also, most cars that a governing body member gets is either one they bought before they went to serve at a branch office, or given to them by other brothers, or bought after years of saving As said they don't get a ...


4

Christ gave St. Peter the "power of the keys" to bind or loose. Addressing the question of "Whether priests alone have the keys?," St. Thomas Aquinas writes: There are two kinds of key. One reaches to heaven itself directly, by remitting sin and thus removing the obstacles to the entrance into heaven; and this is called the key of "order." Priests ...


4

The Church of the Nazarene publishes a Manual which details their theology and doctrine. In Page 186, paragraph 501, the justification for ordaining women is presented: 501. Theology of Women in Ministry. The Church of the Nazarene supports the right of women to use their God-given spiritual gifts within the church and affirms the historic right of ...


3

It is out of respect for the type of relationship they are supposed to have with the people that they lead. There are several places in Paul's letters where he says he has become the Father of those who he leads spiritually (1 Cor 4:15, Gal 4:19, Phlm 10 ). But no where where it is exhorted in general to call the presbyters or elders by the title "Father"....


3

The hierarchy of the Church The Church has a very “shallow” hierarchy that consists of the three ranks of ordained ministers: bishops, priests, and deacons. (See Catechism of the Catholic Church [CCC], 1554.) Relationships of priests and deacons to their ordinaries Priests and deacons are always members either of a diocese or of a society such ...


3

The earliest mention we have to Cathedral Schools is from the Second Council of Toledo in 527; they were set up in order to guarantee the formation of priests after the fall of the Empire caused the collapse of the Roman system of education. After all, priests must at least be able to read, and after the general emptying of the cities in the Early Middle ...


3

Christ gave the power of "binding and loosing" to Peter alone with this saying; however, a little while later He also told all the apostles: Amen, I say to you, whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven. (Matthew 18:18) Similarly, Paul states that All this is from God, who has ...


3

See "Priestly celibacy in patristics and in the history of the Church" by Roman Cholij or Card. Stickler's The Case for Clerical Celibacy: its historical development and theological foundations or the more recent Priestly Celibacy: Theological Foundations by Gary Selin. Priests have always been prohibited to marry, all the way back to Apostolic times, in ...


3

In a way, it would be unfair to single out the Catholic Church,given that similar problems have surfaced among Protestant clergy and Jewish rabbis. However, the Catholic Church has received most reporting on the issue of child sex abuse. We will never know the total number of priests who have offended as the preference of most denominations, not only the ...


3

I'm no expert, but will attempt a partial answer - first, the educational qualifications refer to:- BA - Bachelor of Arts MA - Master of Arts (traditionally awarded automatically to Oxford graduates one year after graduating) BD - Bachelor of Divinity AM - I think another description on of MA. A clerk would probably refer to a clerk in holy orders - ...


3

Inspired by a link in Ken Graham's answer I read the Wikipedia article on Archbishops. That contains a paragraph germane to the question but which Ken doesn't quote: Roman Catholic bishops and archbishops are styled "The Most Reverend" and addressed as "Your Excellency." In English-speaking countries, a Catholic archbishop is addressed as "Your Grace", ...


2

I would like to add a few other Biblical reasons Protestants in general will allow for married Pastors. Simon's mother-in-law was in bed with a fever, and they immediately told Jesus about her. -Mark 1:30. Simon Peter having a mother-in-law necessarily meant that he had a wife. If one of Jesus's own apostles had a wife, then right there is pretty good ...


2

Women appear in ministry functions and even recognized roles in both the Old Testament and New Testament (source). I believe, that the earliest mandate for women in ministry is that given right at the beginning - the command given to co-steward the Earth (in conjunction with men): 26 Then God said, “Let us make man in our image, after our likeness. And ...


2

This appears to be a Jewish tradition rather than any precept of God, since the only Biblical reference I can find is in Paul's letter to Timothy: 1st Timothy 2:11 through 15 KJV Let the woman learn in silence with all subjection. But I suffer not a woman to teach, nor to usurp authority over the man, but to be in silence. For Adam was first formed, ...


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