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Before I can answer, I must clarify several terms that you are using incorrectly/ambiguously and define how I will approach this question. I also must begin with the disclaimer that I will be answering from an Eastern Orthodox perspective. Eastern Orthodox vs. Oriental 'Orthodox' vs. Nestorianism Nestorianism was condemned at the third and fourth ...


9

As the article here states (linked in the comments), the short answer is that the current legislation of the Church (i.e. the Canon Law) does not foresee such situation to occur. Perhaps it does not do so because under its own beliefs, God will never allow that to happen. On the one hand, some excommunications (ferendae sententiae) are not automatic. They ...


7

Christians who consider each congregation to have no higher authority structures than its own elders or ministers do not think that these verses suggest anything else. These were new churches, having just been started by Paul and his associates, but without sustainable endemic leadership, so they needed to be kickstarted by Timothy and Titus. Once they ...


6

Life goes on as usual for all the cardinal of the Church after the election of a new Pope. They must obey the new Sovereign Pontiff in filial joy and reverence. Nor do any of the cardinals have to worry about any chance of a reprisal if some had indeed voted for another candidate. In the Apostolic Constitution Universi dominici Gregis of Pope John Paul II (...


6

Canon law is very explicit on this... The priest can't betray the person confessing (983.1) The sacramental seal is inviolable; therefore it is absolutely forbidden for a confessor to betray in any way a penitent in words or in any manner and for any reason. Sacramentale sigillum inviolabile est; quare nefas est confessario verbis vel alio quovis et ...


6

A pastor is a priest with primary responsibility of the cure of souls over a parish (Canon 519) A parochial vicar (Canon 545) assists the pastor in carrying out those duties, most often due to the size of the parish, but Canon Law also allows appointing a parochial vicar over a portion of the parish (for example a group within the parish which speaks a ...


5

Existence of Catholic Church without hierarchy? The short answer is: The Church will continue to exist and move on with lay ministers to teach and preserve the faith. This is what happened in Japan between 1614 and 1865. Historically speaking it is obvious that the Catholic Church can and will continue to survive without any hierarchy whatsoever. In ...


5

The Church militant will always exist until the end of time. Matthew 16:18: And I say to thee: That thou art Peter; and upon this rock I will build my church, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. The papacy, and thus also the Church, will last until the end of the world, as the First Vatican Council said in Pastor Æternus (July 18, 1870), ch....


5

A Pope is not subject to canon law Can. 1404 The First See is judged by no one. Canonist Charles Augustine, O.S.B., D.D., comments on the 1917 Code's equivalent canon (can. 1556) in his A Commentary on the New Code of Canon Law vol. 7, p. 11-12: Exemption of the Pope Can. 1556 Prima Sedes a nemine iudicatur. The first or primatial see is subject to no ...


5

The entire organization of Jehovah's Witnesses is funded by voluntary donations. There is no "company" that generates money to pay salaries. Also, most cars that a governing body member gets is either one they bought before they went to serve at a branch office, or given to them by other brothers, or bought after years of saving As said they don't get a ...


4

Yes. As the Pope is head of the Church, and designated successor to Peter, the first Pope, who Catholics understand to have been appointed the head of the church, Cardinals are obligated to obey the Pope in some matters related to the church, especially relating to faith and morals, just as any other member of the Catholic Church is. In other areas, for ...


4

The Catholic Church did not used to allow girls or women to be altar servers. In his Allatae Sunt on July 26, 1755 Pope Benedict XIV explicitly cited Pope Innocent IV: Women should not dare to serve at the altar; they should be altogether refused this ministry. He also referenced Pope Gelasius who stated that women serving at the altar was one of the "...


4

What you referring to is Complementarianism. Complementarianism is a theological view in Christianity [...] that men and women have different but complementary roles and responsibilities in marriage, family life, and religious leadership. [...] These separate roles preclude women from specific functions of ministry within the community. Though women may ...


3

As CIC can. 1331 states, an excommunicated cleric loses the permission to exercise his functions and to celebrate sacraments. So if the pope falls into excommunication latae sententiae (this is the only relevant scenario because otherwise the pope would have to judge himself, which is clearly not possible), he may not do his job any more. He may resume his ...


3

St. Robert Bellarmine's De Romano Pontifice (On the Roman Pontiff), recently translated into English for the first time, treats the question "Should the Ecclesiastical Government be a Monarchy?" in book 1, chapters 5 through 9: The Second Question is Proposed; Should the Ecclesiastical Government be a Monarchy? That the Government of the Church ...


3

The scriptural basis on which Catholicism support the church polity of monarchial episcopate are the following scriptural passages: Acts 21:18 On the following day Paul went in with us to James, and all the elders were present-(ESV) In Catholicism, being an elder and being a bishop are two different offices.Futhermore, in Catholicism, St. James was ...


3

For an understanding of this post, please see my answer to How do the Pope, Bishops, Priests relate to one another in the Catholic Church's hierarchy? Disciplining Delinquent Clergy I will consider the practice of the Western Church, governed by the Code of Canon Law, since it is the one I know best. Since the Eastern Churches are governed instead by ...


3

The hierarchy of the Church The Church has a very “shallow” hierarchy that consists of the three ranks of ordained ministers: bishops, priests, and deacons. (See Catechism of the Catholic Church [CCC], 1554.) Relationships of priests and deacons to their ordinaries Priests and deacons are always members either of a diocese or of a society such ...


3

"Order" comes from the Latin word "ordo", which can mean "rank", "class", "grade"—things of that sort. The Catechism, in its discussion of the Sacrament of Holy Orders, says: The word order [sic, sc. ordo] in Roman antiquity designated an established civil body, especially a governing body. Ordinatio means ...


2

I know nothing about usage of the word order (except that the ordaining process is a sacrament called Holy Orders), but I can address the first part of your question: what is meant by order (as opposed to jurisdiction)? The answer is that there is a hierarchy of functions or roles in the church's offices. Some offices allow the ordained person to do more ...


2

Well, as you point out, the term Bishop—which is ultimately derived from the Greek episkopos > biscop [Old English] > bishop—literally just means "overseer." While it came to mean a leader over several parishes in many traditions, its more general meaning could just as easily be applied to someone who oversees a single congregation, which these historically ...


2

In the Catholic liturgy of the Eucharist, everyone plays a role. The priest stands in for Christ, the deacons stand in for the Angels, and various roles stand in as members of the church and witnesses. Women can serve in these roles as they are equal members of the church with men as by virtue of our baptism, we are all joined to Christ and no one is more or ...


2

The leader of the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria carries the title of Pope. The present incumbent is Pope Tawadros II. Pope Tawadros II (English: Pope Theodore II]) born 4 November 1952, is the 118th and current Pope of Alexandria and Patriarch of the See of St. Mark, succeeding the late Pope Shenouda III as leader of the Coptic Orthodox Church of ...


2

Typically, in Catholicism, in Eastern or Oriental Orthodoxy, and in the Assyrian Church of the East, the highest-ranking bishops of a particular see are given the title Patriarch. The see itself can also be called a patriarchate. Note however that this title of patriarch applies, within the Catholic Church, not only to the pope as head of the whole Catholic ...


2

Burkholder's Spaniards in the Colonial Empire says: "...competitive examinations (oposiciones) began in Mexico in 1575. Prior to participating, competitors had to document their limpieza de sangre. During the exam they had to demonstrate knowledge of moral theology and administration of the sacraments plus their skill in either Nahuatl or Otomí." The ...


2

Would catholic church exist? Surely the Catholics surviving the nature catastrophe would continue living their belief and form some organization of some kind. If I understand your question correctly you want to know if that organization is identical to the Catholic Church today or if that organization will be some newly founded organization not being ...


2

I challenge the premise, because I think a big part of Catholic theology is God will protect his Church from this kind of event. It's not something we have to worry about... that's God's problem, to make sure it doesn't happen. I can hear the protest now... "But what if it did?"   Stop.  God promised us it won't. If we can't trust God, what are ...


2

What's the normal term for a Catholic priest that works in a parish under another one? In Catholic parishes the priest in charge is commonly known as the pastor. He is normally addresses as Father in everyday conversation. The priests that aid a pastor in the administration of a parish are called either assistant pastors or associate pastors. Years ago, ...


1

How does one address a Cardinal? When I grew up, we always referred to a cardinal in a formal way with the salutation as follows (as an Example): His Eminence, Joseph Cardinal Tobin. In the seminary this would have been the way to address a Prince of the Church. In fact this is still quite popular and I still employ it. In an article from the Catholic ...


1

The short answer to this question is possibly. Manner of appointment As only the Holy Father can erect a chapter, so also he alone has power to appoint the individual members of a chapter. This power may be, and in fact is delegated, and hence canons are appointed sometimes by the pope, sometimes by the bishop or the capitular body, sometimes by ...


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