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Are there souls in hell who contributed to other soul's salvation? The short answer is probably, but seeing to the fact that the Church does not know who is in hell, it remains an impossible question to answer with absolute certainty. The Catholic Church can declare a person a saint, thus in heaven, but has never declared another damned! The Popes as ...


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Are Catholics allowed to entertain that the Old Vulgate might contains errors? The Old Vulgate Bible translation of St. Jerome is free of errors on faith and moral. Like any translation there may be technical error of nuance of given words or expressions that may have been translated better. Pope Pius XII declared the Vulgate as "free from error ...


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Bellarmine wrote arguing the Catholic position and attempted to demonstrate that the Lutheran position, on a range of matters, was incorrect. He frequently did this along the lines of "our adversaries argument is this, but I think they are mistaken because..". In that contest "adversaries" means those on the other side of the question, ...


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What are the origins of St. Joseph's title “Guardian of Virgins”? In 1909, Pope St. Pius X approved The Litany of St. Joseph for public use, but the origins of the title Guardian of Virgins (Custos virginum) is much older. Devotion towards St. Joseph slowly developed over the centuries, but in the 17th century, it started to blossom. The origins of this ...


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