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17 votes
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Are there theological explanations for why God allowed ambiguity to exist in Scripture?

In Matthew 13, Jesus reveals that it is God's will that some people understand and others be confused: 11 He replied, “Because the knowledge of the secrets of the kingdom of heaven has been given to ...
Paul Chernoch's user avatar
17 votes

How can we infallibly know that the Catholic Church is infallible?

There is no logical philosophical argument that is strong enough to convince someone who is not willing to be convinced. I am a member of the Catholic clergy, so it will come as no surprise that I ...
ABM K's user avatar
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11 votes
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Does the Catholic church consider Mark 16:9-20 to be biblical canon?

At the Council of Trent, the Church officially declared as dogma the canon of Holy Scripture. This included "the four Gospels, according to Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John." The council did ...
Matt Gutting's user avatar
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10 votes
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Was the 66 book Bible being used by early Christians?

The answer is most certainly no. The oldest complete Bible that we have is the Codex Vaticanus, dating to between 300 and 325. It contains 68 books: 45 Old Testament books plus 23 New Testament ...
guest37's user avatar
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10 votes

Are there theological explanations for why God allowed ambiguity to exist in Scripture?

Why God allows ambiguities and what He does to help us Most denominations hold that the Holy Spirit inspires not only the Biblical book authors but also the Individual Bible reader, and/or the ...
GratefulDisciple's user avatar
10 votes
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How do Sola Scriptura defenders have a list of "scripture" since the list isn't mentioned in scripture?

The doctrine of Sola Scriptura is about how to rank various sources of spiritual authority, but it does not concern how we arrived at the Biblical canon. Instead, Protestants teach that God's ...
curiousdannii's user avatar
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9 votes
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How do Calvinists explain Calvin's use of Baruch?

Actually, in his magnum opus "Institutes of the Christian Religion" (ICR), he cited Tobit, Baruch, 1 and 2 Maccabees, and Siriach. The Geneva Bible, which Calvin accepted and fostered, also ...
luchonacho's user avatar
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8 votes

Why did the reformers include the book of Hebrews in the canon?

As far as Calvin was concerned, his views on the canonicity of Hebrews can be found in his introductory comments to his commentary on Hebrews (here at pp. 16–17). He includes it "without hesitation" ...
Peter Kirkpatrick's user avatar
8 votes
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Do the "Anathemas" Pronounced in the Council of Trent still stand today?

To say of a person, "Anathema sit"—"Let him be anathema"—means simply that the person is excommunicated: regarded as having separated themselves from the body of the True Church. ...
Matt Gutting's user avatar
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8 votes
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When the early church was formalising the canon, what did they understand by the word 'Inspired'?

Further Clarification The original person who asked the question asked for additional clarification on these two questions: 1) Are inspired works closed as canon is? 2) Are there potentially other ...
Ken Banks's user avatar
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7 votes

Why were Deuterocanonical books rejected in the Reformation?

The Protestants rejection of the deuterocanonical books being equal to Holy Scripture is based primarily on Jerome's Helmeted Preface: Jerome, in his Prologue to the Books of the Kings This preface ...
emeth's user avatar
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7 votes

When was the Biblical canon formalised?

This question has an accepted answer, but, with all due respect, I do not think that the answer is accurate. There are three distinct sources of information related to the formation of the Christian ...
guest37's user avatar
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7 votes

What deuterocanonical books are quoted in the New Testament?

The Deuterocanon quoted (or referred to) in the New Testament Other answers give lists, but here's a quick one with the cross-references in the Protestant King James Bible (1611). Matthew 6:14-15 ...
emeth's user avatar
  • 1,259
7 votes

Do the "Anathemas" Pronounced in the Council of Trent still stand today?

Yes, all dogmas the Church has defined still stand today. The anathematized propositions in the Council of Trent are dogmatic definitions expressed negatively. A dogma is "A truth proposed by the ...
Geremia's user avatar
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7 votes

How does the Westminster Confession address the paradox of the Bible canon?

Yes, the Westminster Confession of Faith answers this apparent, but not real, circularity as follows. In Chapter 1 Paragraph 5, we read: We may be moved and induced by the testimony of the Church ...
Adrian Keister's user avatar
7 votes

How does the Westminster Confession address the paradox of the Bible canon?

The Westminster Confession of Faith and its associated catechisms (collectively referred to as the Westminster Standards) are designed to teach the Reformed faith, but not necessarily to defend it. ...
Ben Mordecai's user avatar
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7 votes

According to Reformed Theology, why did the 70 Jewish translators include the Apocrypha?

It is true that the Jews ultimately did not accept the apocryphal books you listed in their canon, in a gradual process over several centuries at least spanning 1st century BC and 1st century AD. ...
GratefulDisciple's user avatar
7 votes

On what basis do Catholics continue doctrinal development after the Bible canon was closed?

The Catholic Church teaches dogmatically that general revelation ended with the Apostles (cf. condemned proposition no. 21 in Pope St. Pius X's Lamentabili Sane). This general revelation forms the ...
remline's user avatar
  • 310
6 votes

Why are the civilly married not allowed confession in the Catholic Church?

You can go to confession but you may not receive absolution Can. 1055 §1. The matrimonial covenant, by which a man and a woman establish between themselves a partnership of the whole of life and ...
KorvinStarmast's user avatar
6 votes
Accepted

Do Catholic anathemas apply to people who lived before it was codified?

Do Catholic anathemas apply to people who lived before it was codified? For example: Do the anathemas issued by the Council of Trent regarding the canon of the scripture applies to the Church Fathers ...
Ken Graham's user avatar
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5 votes

How is it that Georgian Orthodox Church are in full communion with the Eastern Orthodox Church when they have a different biblical canon?

What's missing in the above answers I think is perhaps a couple of concepts that we Orthodox take for granted, but may not be readily apparent to Westerners. First is the attitude towards Canon Law. ...
Philothei Phoenix's user avatar
5 votes

How is it that Georgian Orthodox Church are in full communion with the Eastern Orthodox Church when they have a different biblical canon?

The 85th Apostolic Canon, ratified at the Quinisext Council in Trullo in 692, enumerated the list of Old Testament books: Let the following books be counted venerable and sacred by all of you, ...
guest37's user avatar
  • 5,667
5 votes

Why was the epistle of Clement to Corinth not considered canonical?

I don't believe that we can discern exactly why the Church Fathers considered certain writings as belonging within the New Testament canon and others not, but those writings that were included in the ...
guest37's user avatar
  • 5,667
5 votes

What deuterocanonical books are quoted in the New Testament?

Matt. 6:19-20 - Jesus' statement about laying up for yourselves treasure in heaven follows Sirach 29:11 - lay up your treasure. Matt.. 7:12 - Jesus' golden rule "do unto others" is the converse of ...
Yuri Igorevich's user avatar
5 votes

Are there theological explanations for why God allowed ambiguity to exist in Scripture?

One part might be that God wants to reveal hearts. A determined critic can always find a creative way to misunderstand. In politics for instance, it's surprising how creative people can be at ...
Peter Rankin's user avatar
5 votes

Are there theological explanations for why God allowed ambiguity to exist in Scripture?

The Best Answer was chosen before I read this question (within 24 hours of it being posted) and, having read all the answers, I wish to point out that the scriptures of the Bible tell us exactly why ...
Anne's user avatar
  • 32.1k
5 votes

How do Nontrinitarians justify accepting the canon of Scripture but rejecting the Trinity?

Most nontrinitarian groups are somewhat "on the fringes" of Protestantism (for the very reason that they reject the Trinity doctrine), and a few even deny that they are either Protestant or ...
Anne's user avatar
  • 32.1k
4 votes

Why is Mark not the first gospel?

Many of the church fathers saw a correspondence between the Gospels and the four living creatures in Revelation 4:5-11. They disagreed over which living creature went with which gospel. However, if ...
Paul Chernoch's user avatar
4 votes

Did any ancient source believe in more than four gospels?

Unfortunately we don't have a particularly great documentary record when it comes to non-canonical books. That said, there is some clear evidence that at least some people in the early church ...
Nathaniel is protesting's user avatar

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