34

For those who have 'discovered' the Jesus of the Bible, resurrected from the dead and alive today, they swiftly spot that the Jesus of Joseph Smith is not the same Jesus. He is claimed to be the first spirit-baby born to the god Elohim and his wife in some other universe. They named him Jehovah and later, his plan of salvation was superior to his brother, ...


33

The arguments against the authenticity and veracity of the Book of Mormon are multiple. To name a few: Convenient absence of the original 'golden plates' According to Joseph Smith the golden plates from which the current translation was made were taken back to heaven by the Angel Moroni, leaving only Joseph Smith's 'translation'. It is similarly convenient ...


27

First, I am slightly surprised that you've never seen Mormons use the Book of Mormon to teach/establish doctrine. (Talk to the missionaries; I bet they'll use the Book of Mormon quite extensively.) This was a bit tricky to think of at first, since the Bible does indeed mention the main, important doctrines. Because of that, the Latter-day Saints use the ...


21

Joseph Smith did not just translate the Book of Mormon into Jacobean English, but into a very specific type of Jacobean English, as used in the King James Version of the Bible (KJV). W. H Stevenson (King James's Bible: A Selection, 'The Language of AV' - ebook) says King James was a virtual contemporary of William Shakespeare, but that the language is not ...


19

Dr. Hugh Nibley, an LDS scholar who did extensive research on the Book of Mormon, discussed this issue in chapter 4 of his book "Lehi In The Desert", describing how Laban fits a quite well-defined role in the culture of his time and place: that of the local military governor. But what were the records doing at Laban's house, and who was Laban anyway? ...


18

No, the Book of Mormon has never been revised into a more modern English dialect. There have been various updates to the printing of the Book of Mormon over time to correct errors in the typesetting of earlier editions. The first edition was set and printed in haste, from a manuscript handwritten by Oliver Cowdery under Joseph Smith's dictation. Cowdery ...


16

Reformed Egyptian and archeology Only a select few ever claimed to have seen the golden plates Smith said contained the records of the Book of Mormon. The plates were said to have been written in reformed Egyptian. The Book of Mormon uses the term "reformed Egyptian" in only one verse, Mormon 9:32, which says that "the characters which are ...


15

First, to clarify, the ancient record was recorded on plates, bound by rings, not on tablets. I've never seen official or first-person historical sources refer to them as tablets and have only seen that term used in sources which have either strong or subtle sentiments against the Mormon church, or a political agenda. From every reliable source I have ever ...


15

Yes, according to the Latter Day Saints, the Book of Mormon was originally written in 'reformed Egyptian characters' on gold plates by prophets living in the Americas from the fourth century BCE until the fifth century CE. However, Wikipedia says Scholarly reference works on languages do not, however, acknowledge the existence of either a "reformed ...


15

First, you should be aware that not all of Mormon doctrine, or even of the things that are generally considered "the stuff that makes Mormons unique among Christianity," is contained in the Book of Mormon. A lot of it is found in the Doctrine and Covenants, a compilation of revelations and historical context from the early days of the modern-day church. ...


13

Why did Joseph Smith change those verses? For clarity. The December 1983 edition of the LDS-published Ensign magazine included the article Understanding Textual Changes in the Book of Mormon. The article addresses several types of changes including the specific ones asked about by the OP. In a few places, however, Joseph Smith did intentionally add to ...


13

Yes, the Book of Mormon is translated into Arabic (كتاب مورمون), as well as the Doctrine and Covenants and Pearl of Great Price. A scanned PDF of the Arabic Book of Mormon can be found here, and a physical copy can be purchased from Store.LDS.org. A list of other LDS materials in Arabic can be found on LDS.org. The full Book of Mormon is currently available ...


12

1. Authorship-Translator Joseph Smith had an elementary education and managed to produce a 500 page book in 3 months (obtained plates on 22 September 1827). Born into a poor farming family, he was the fifth child of 11 — nine of whom survived childhood. Because his family could not afford the luxury of public education, Joseph received only three years of ...


11

That phrase does appear to be an "imperfection" (as it is called) which existed in the original text. And in fact, it was quite difficult to take back words that were already written—so difficult, perhaps, that they decided to re-state the entire idea correctly. According to LDS Church history, The Book of Mormon has unique origins as a volume of scripture. ...


11

It's pretty simple. The Book of Mormon translation follows in the KJV tradition, which in turn follows in the Jewish tradition. (1) Out of reverence, Jews never pronounced יהוה when reading scripture. The original pronunciation of this name has possibly been lost, as the Jews, in reading, never mentioned it but substituted one of the other names of God, ...


11

The LDS believe in chastity or in being sexually pure. The Law of Chasity describes the commandment to not commit adultery, or to lust. Scriptures from Doctrine and Covenants: D&C 42:22-23 - lust causes you to lose the Spirit and deny the faith D&C 59:6 - don't commit adultery or anything like unto it D&C 63:16 - lust, or adultery in the heart, ...


11

Why should we believe Mormonism's one and only source? The content of the Bible enjoys the benefit of what historians call "multiple independent attestation." that is, the events, people and places recorded in the Bible very often are represented in multiple and frequently unrelated sources, (literary, physical artifacts, verified locations, etc.). ...


10

You're right, the golden plates were returned to the angel Moroni at the conclusion of the original translation into English. First, we have to understand the translation process (this link is the source to the quotes below). There are some original translation manuscripts still in existence, but these are hardly legible anymore and, for several reasons (...


10

The Community of Christ has not denounced the Book of Mormon. According to Wikipedia the Community of Christ views the Book of Mormon as an additional witness of Jesus Christ and publishes two versions of the book through its official publishing arm, Herald House, all of which is inconsistent with a view that the Community might have denounced the book in ...


10

It is simplistic to suppose that a choice is being made by certain Christians to believe the testimony of twelve Israelites in the middle of the first century or to believe the testimony of eleven men in the early 1800s. This is not the choice being made. The choice being made is to follow Jesus Christ, the Son of God, and the choice being made is not to ...


10

Even if we accept that Joseph Smith received the golden plates as LDS describes it, neither LDS adherents nor skeptics can verify the translation. Contrast this with Bible believing Christians, any of whom can learn Greek or Hebrew to check the translation if they so desire from hundreds of copies or manuscripts. If one reads any of the English translations ...


9

The Book of Mormon is rich with chiasmus, which is a symmetric structure that looks something like ABCDCBA, fairly unique to Hebrew culture. That article outlines several instances of chiastic structure. Additionally, there are more Hebraisms scattered throughout. Repetition of possessive pronoun: Possessive pronoun prefixed to each list item, for example, ...


9

In order to understand the current position of the Community of Christ on the Book of Mormon, it's important to look at the role The Book of Mormon holds in the shared history of the Community of Christ and the LDS Church. The Community of Christ and The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints separated after the death of Joseph Smith. Both churches ...


9

The short answer is that some church leaders and others have commented on this subject, with various points of view taken. On the one hand, some point out that those who witnessed the translation process testified that no materials were used in the translation. For instance, in "The Last Testimony of Sister Emma," first published in the RLDS ...


9

No, according to the subtitle to The Book of Mormon, it is "Another Testament of Jesus Christ", not another gospel. Quoting from the title page of The Book of Mormon (emphasis mine): Which is to show unto the remnant of the house of Israel what great things the Lord hath done for their fathers; and that they may know the covenants of the Lord, that they ...


8

The Book of Mormon does not have a "story of Christmas" in the same sense as the Bible does, because it was not set in the land of Israel (except for the very beginning of the book.) Therefore, there is no coverage of the birth of the baby Jesus and the events surrounding it. It does, however, repeatedly prophesy of the coming of the Savior, that he would ...


8

...not clarifications or particular interpretations that Book of Mormon might put on things that are in the Bible, but rather doctrines Mormons believe in that have no Biblical basis That can be a difficult distinction. For example, the Book of Mormon adds the belief that Adam and Eve could not have children before the Fall. And now, behold, if Adam had ...


8

To answer your question, I would challenge you to learn as much about the American continent as you can for the date that the Book of Mormon was compiled (~400AD). You will quickly discover that there are no other surviving records from that time period at all.1 In fact, the oldest manuscript written in the Americas known by historians–the Dresden Codex–was ...


8

Since there was only one set of plates, we could never expect to find direct archaeological evidence of them, as they are now in angelic custody. However, there ought to be indirect evidence that suggests their likely existence, and that is all this question can seek. The Book of Mormon points to a highly literate culture that existed in the Americas for ...


8

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, which is the most prominent group of people associated with the name 'Mormon', have only issued new editions when previous editions were found to not agree with the original manuscripts (as detailed in MasonWheeler's answer). However, the Community of Christ (previously called the Reorganized Church of Jesus ...


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