15

There are no direct quotes, at least, not in the sense that, for example, Isaiah is quoted, but there are certainly several allusions and parallel passages. Here is a list of some of them from both NT and OT (and yes, I am well aware that some of those are debatable). As to "other books quoting them," it should be noted that neither Song of Songs, Esther, ...


14

Protestants believe in the Priesthood of all Believers, which is to say that protestants believe that all Christians have a direct connection with God--there is no need to go through a Priest. That's not to say that they don't have Priests or Pastors or other figures of leadership, but they don't fulfill the role of mediator between man and God, that they ...


11

There are two concepts that are important to understand. How they interact show directly how this works: Sola Scriptura The idea of sola scriptura is that the Bible is the highest authority. Anyone and everyone (who can read) has direct access to the final word of God. If someone is saying something that isn't in line with the Bible, then they are ...


11

The immediate answer is “No, it is not scripture.” Scripture is scripture and adding to it or subtracting from it is a no-no. As to “Does it have the same authority as the Bible?” Well, I suppose the answer is “authority for what?” For some things the authority of the Catechism is superior (certain areas of theology are only hinted at in the Bible). It can ...


9

The policy for who presides at sacrament meeting is found in Handbook 2, 18.2*: The bishop oversees ward meetings. He presides at these meetings unless a member of the stake presidency, an Area Seventy, or a General Authority attends. His counselors may conduct ward meetings and may preside if he is absent. Presiding authorities and visiting high ...


8

Yes, as the Pope said in his resignation speech, he gives up the office and it is for those whose duty it is to convoke the conclave and elect a successor — just as it would be if he had died. As a cardinal, he's entitled to attend the conclave (but he probably won't) but he can't vote because he's over eighty.


8

Typically, the most prominent example of how "men should have authority over women" stems from Ephesians 5:22, in which Paul admonishes wives to submit to their husbands. That said, a contextual reading will bear much fruit: 21 submitting to one another out of reverence for Christ. 22 Wives, submit to your own husbands, as to the Lord. 23 For the ...


8

Speaking as a lifelong Protestant, I would say that in genuine Protestantism, the Head of every man is Christ. There is no hierarchy. None is above another. The greatest is as the least. But it is true that a man's gift will make room for him and spiritual men will appreciate and be voluntarily subject to others more spiritual than themselves. I have added ...


7

Bishops (from the Greek, epi-scopus = overseers) are the successors of the Apostles. Their primary responsibility is shepherding the faith of the people in their diocese. They ordain priests, perform the sacrament of confirmation on the faithful, and serve to teach, provide guidance and support for the faithful. So in that sense, they indeed have the ...


7

There is a good summary of reasons for this in an article at baptistdistinctives.org. I want to preface that that this is not necessarily a doctrinal stance. This is a stance on how we govern our own Church. However, the stance is based on doctrinal presuppositions. First, we consider Scripture to be the ultimate authority, as it is from God, and is ...


6

The era of the Crusades certainly coincides with a dramatic increase in the authority of the Pope, both in practical terms and in the development of doctrine. It is a bit hard to untangle how much of this is due to the Crusades themselves. First, a word of warning! It is very easy to slip into anachronistic habits when thinking about the medieval papacy. It ...


6

A good article about the nature and structure of the Church according to Catholic doctrine can be found here. In short the Catholic view is: The Church was instituted by Christ as one organization, not many The church was hierarchic from the beginning. Local churches frequently sought approval from the central authority (the Apostles) even in Apostolic ...


6

Hmmm. Thanks for this question. First, it prompted me to read the relevant section in the Catechism of the Catholic Church (paragraphs 1776-1802). In brief, the Catechism says this- Man must obey his conscience. Man must recognize that his conscience can be erroneous and seek to inform it. Conscience can remain in ignorance, and such ignorance can often ...


5

The Deuterocanon quoted (or referred to) in the New Testament Other answers give lists, but here's a quick one with the cross-references in the Protestant King James Bible (1611). Matthew 6:14-15 and Sirach 7:14 Matthew 27:43 and Wisdom 2:15,16 Luke 6:31 and Tobit 4:15 Luke 14:13 and Tobit 4:7 John 10:22 and 1 Maccabees 4:59 Romans and Wisdom, clay and the ...


5

According to Catholicism, the Catechism has the same authority as the Bible, its existence is borne out of the same body of folks who brought you the Bible as a compilation of revealed truth in the first place. However, it can't be conisidered a substitute for the Bible and no, it's not scripture any more than the Evangelical Councils were scripture. It ...


5

Perhaps another way to answer the OP is to say that it is based on a false contrast. As an analogy, consider the following sentences: Jazz is the best kind of music and country is the best kind of music. Jazz is the best kind of music and the trumpet is the best instrument. In the first sentence there is a contradiction because the contradictory ...


5

How can Protestants authoritatively declare something as wrong or heretical under Sola Scriptura? Actually, we have a perfect example in Jesus. Jesus, when he lived on earth as a man, constantly quoted the scriptures of the Old Testament as a way to rebuke the errors of His days. Even as a child, who "grew, and waxed strong in spirit" Luke 2:40, the rabbis ...


4

Jimmy Akin stated on his blog: Pope Benedict may follow the pattern of previously resigned popes and spend the rest of his days in a monastery. Alternately, he may live quietly with his brother. Either way, he will do his best to stay out of the public eye so as to give his successor the freest hand possible. (This is the same thing that usually ...


4

Matt. 6:19-20 - Jesus' statement about laying up for yourselves treasure in heaven follows Sirach 29:11 - lay up your treasure. Matt.. 7:12 - Jesus' golden rule "do unto others" is the converse of Tobit 4:15 - what you hate, do not do to others. Matt. 7:16,20 - Jesus' statement "you will know them by their fruits" follows Sirach 27:6 - the fruit discloses ...


4

This might give you a deeper understanding of Ratzinger's development of thought on conscience. He gave a keynote address to Bishops in 1991 titled 'Conscience and Truth'. There is also a book 'On Conscience' Which contains both this address and an address he gave to in 1984 titled 'Bishops, Theologians and Morality'. He makes some very interesting points ...


4

Some of the other answers have highlighted the Evangelical and Mainstream Protestant positions on the interpretation of scripture. I wanted to draw attention to a different position adopted by Anabaptist churches, specifically Mennonite, Amish, Brethren and some related churches. In those churches interpretation of the scriptures is done by the community. ...


4

Why is the matter of women's authority determined by Eve's acts in her life? 1 Timothy 2:14 And Adam was not deceived, but the woman being deceived was in the transgression. Paul is not describing a penalty on women in general because of something the first woman did. Paul is using Eve as an example of one of the the differences between men and women....


4

The morality of secession is related to the tyrannicide (killing of tyrants) thesis of the Spanish scholastic Jesuit Fr. Juan de Mariana, ch. 5 of his De Rege. The economist Jesús Huerta de Soto, who specializes in Spanish scholasticism, describes Fr. De Mariana's thesis in his article "Juan de Mariana and the Spanish Scholastics" (cf. his related lecture): ...


4

No, the Church does not have to submit to private revelation, even if they are approved and are deemed worthy of belief. Private revelation is outside the deposit of faith and thus the Catholic faithful is not obliged to submit to a particular revelation. Nevertheless some prudence must be applied in whether or not the faithful should believe a particular ...


4

Jesus says, As the Father has sent Me, even so I send you. so the question to start, How did the father send Jesus? John 12:49 For I have not spoken on My own authority; but the Father who sent Me gave Me a command, what I should say and what I should speak. john 5:19 19 Then Jesus answered and said to them, “Most assuredly, I say to you, the Son ...


4

[The Law of Common Consent] is that in God’s earthly kingdom, the King counsels what should be done, but then he allows his subjects to accept or reject his proposals. Unless the principle of free agency is operated in righteousness men do not progress to ultimate salvation in the heavenly kingdom hereafter. Accordingly, church officers are selected by the ...


4

There is a particular problem with using the Westminster Confession of Faith (WCF) to either defend, or attack, doctrinal positions. It is that the Westminster Assembly (in the mid 1600s), and I quote: “…was rather reluctant to include texts and only added them after the catechism had been completed. In other words, the original catechism was not ...


4

The entire line of reasoning you're following, from the quotes themselves to your re-statements of what the quotes mean to your final conclusion, takes some alogical jumps that end in a flat-out contradiction. The contradiction becomes plain if you start with the first quote: When a Confession corresponds to Scripture as an account of the Church’s ...


4

To be honest, I'm not sure what leads you to ask the question. Almost all Christians and almost all Christian denominations/movements have a positive view of textual criticism. The facts are that humans are fallible document copiers, and we therefore have thousands of manuscripts with minor differences. And as much as classicists and historians value the ...


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