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19

Newton did indeed have issues with Handel's Messiah, so much so that in 1784–85 he gave a series of 50 sermons at his own church (St. Mary Woolnoth) in response to the oratorio being played at Westminster Abbey as part of a commemoration festival of Handel's 100th birthday. His stated goal was to preach on the Scriptural passages found in the lyrics of the ...


17

With regards to ethnicity and geography, the direct answer to this is a big Yes, it is wrong. Bethlehem is in Palestine, Asia. The borders of this nation is the red sea, Egypt, Lebanon Jordan, the Dead Sea and Syria, (varied with time). The closest picture we could estimate should be that of an Arab or middle eastern. Theories that Jesus was European were ...


17

It is a sculpture created by Publius Cincius Salvius. It was a former Roman fountain; Fontana Della Pigna. It predates the Vatican owning the land. Mathematics Magazine The colossal bronze pine cone was cast in the 1st or 2nd century by Publius Cincius Salvius who left his name on the base. This was way before the Catholic Church was given the ...


17

Those who argue against images of Jesus do so primarily in two ways: (1) that any image of Christ is necessarily inadequate and false and (2) that images of Christ inspire worship and devalue the Word of God. Images of Christ inadequate and false Advocates of this position regularly appeal to the incomprehensibility of God. John Calvin1 and J. I. Packer2 ...


14

This is a depiction of the "immense image" recorded at Daniel 2:31-35. The last publication released which discussed the immense image was the June 2012 Watchtower as discussed in Nathaniel's answer. Before that, there was the book, "Pay Attention to Daniel's Prophecy". For Jehovah's Witnesses, the immense image is a symbol of how God's Kingdom will soon ...


13

Augustine's concept of defining all sin in terms of disordered love is certainly applicable: for Augustine, rightly ordered love was virtue (City of God 15. 22) and disordered love was vice... the depravity created by disordered love was so deep that no one could extricate or heal him or herself from it. - David K. Naugle, source He applies this concept ...


12

The Bible gives no physical description of Jesus in the sense of describing his skin tone, hair style, etc. I am not aware of any description in other ancient documents. (If anyone knows of one, please tell us. I'd love to hear about it.) Jesus' mother was Jewish and his father was the Holy Spirit. As the implication is that he indeed inherited genetic ...


11

According to this websitesite, the change occurred gradually over time, as the representation of the human form in art changed. In the middle ages, artists rarely painted distinctly masculine characteristics on their subjects: …what modern viewers and artists perceive as “feminine” angels in many famous medieval European paintings were not intended ...


11

Michael the Archangel is depicted in the Bible as a warrior and leader of angel armies: Daniel 12:1 (ESV) At that time shall arise Michael, the great prince who has charge of your people. And there shall be a time of trouble, such as never has been since there was a nation till that time. But at that time your people shall be delivered, everyone whose ...


11

This connection was made by fathers as early as Irenaeus (d. 202). Here's a table showing the views of several fathers whose writings we have on this subject: Lion Ox Man Eagle Irenaeus (d. 202) John Luke Matthew Mark Victorinus (d. 303) Mark Luke Matthew John Jerome (d. ...


10

First you should read The Wikipedia article on the halo to get a good idea of the use of the halo in the past. You will see that it was indeed used by the Romans and possibly the Greeks as well as in Asian art. Wikipedia states (without citation) that it was first used in Christian art around the 4th Century. Roman art in particular used the halo to indicate ...


10

From the title of the picture, I feel it is safe to assume the author had this in mind: Matthew 4:1-4 1 Then was Jesus led up of the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted of the devil. 2 And when he had fasted forty days and forty nights, he was afterward an hungred. 3 And when the tempter came to him, he said, If thou be the Son of ...


10

There are likely many drawings of similar content, but I suspect by far the most famous one is this drawing of Dirk Willems, which was published in the book Martyrs Mirror in 1685. It illustrates the true story of Dirk Willems who had escaped from prison (where he was being persecuted for his faith), but when his persuer broke through some thin ice, Dirk ...


10

There seems to be two views on what the letters "RNIO" mean in the Carlos Crivelli painting. I only have one reference for the answer: Dr. Liliana Leopardi, an expert in Italian Renaissance art, Assistant Professor of Art and Art History at Chapman University, who was gracious enough to share her knowledge with me through personal correspondence. Scholars ...


9

Even if the premise that Christ had longer hair is true, it would not matter as that is not the point of this passage. If it is read in context i.e. read the chapter before and after, it is clear that Paul is talking about how Jewish customs and how even though they are no longer necessary due to Christ's sacrifice, they should still be observed if you are ...


9

This looks very much like a modern portrayal of the dream of Nebuchadnezzar, as explained by the prophet Daniel in Daniel 2: 31 “You saw, O king, and behold, a great image. This image, mighty and of exceeding brightness, stood before you, and its appearance was frightening. 32 The head of this image was of fine gold, its chest and arms of silver, its ...


8

Yes it is wrong, in this day and age where everyone is on the internet and information is readily available, there is no excuse for ignorance. With just a few searches anyone can find out about the groups of people living in the Roman controlled Greek Kingdom of Judea. Jesus' mother was not 'jewish' as a lot of what westerners consider jewish are actually ...


8

It is a copy or replica of a painting by Roberto Ferruzzi called "Madonnina" (commonly known as the "Madonna of the Streets"). The original has slightly different colours, different facial features, and it is in more of an impressionistic style, with thick visible brush strokes. I think the painting in the question is probably this following one, because ...


8

From: What does this hand gesture mean in Icons? (Wordpress.com) The fingers spell out “IC XC”, a widely used four letter abbreviation of the Greek for Jesus (IHCOYC) Christ (XPICTOC). It is by the name of Jesus that we are saved and receive blessings: “At the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and ...


7

All so called Christian art is Biblically based; and is intended to induce some reflection of some event in Biblical History otherwise it would not be Christian art. Even going back to the old Masters, much or even most of their artworks were based on their concept of some event from the Bible. The picture you asked about along with many other paintings are ...


7

Catholics portray, worship, and promote Jesus in all of His states of being, actions, words, etc. A strong emphasis is placed on his suffering and death on a cross because it was in this act that He atoned for the sins of all humanity. This is the single most important thing He did because without it, we have no hope. Paragraph 623 of the Catholic ...


7

Spikenard has nothing in particular to do with Joseph. What is going on, is the following. There is an apocryphal tradition to do with how Joseph and Mary were married. Variants of the story can be found in the Protoevangelium of James, Gospel of Pseudo-Matthew, Armenian Infancy Gospel, Book of the Nativity of Mary, and History of Joseph the Carpenter; and ...


7

The Catholic Church (my own Tradition) believes that being made in God's image does not have such a physical reality. This 'image' is more a reflection of His own Nature. The closest physical way we 'image' God is that humans are both Male and Female who come together to generate a Third person. This "The Two Become One" is reflecting the Trinitarian Nature ...


7

In the first place, I'm not sure what sort of "endorsement" you have in mind. There's no indication that I can find that either Pope Julius or any subsequent pope either endorsed or condemned the painting on theological grounds, nor indeed that any pope declared that it had any content which had to be interpreted theologically. As I point out in this answer ...


6

While I don't know of any other attempts to sample the Bible, I don't see any reason another method couldn't be tried. However, I would be reluctant to endorse another method that focuses on individual verses because context matters a great deal when it comes to exegesis (i.e. interpretation). Take for instance: For when they rise from the dead, they ...


6

Popular Mechanics (of all sources) did a good article on "The Real Face of Jesus". The article discusses how the current representations of Jesus came to be. The European image with long wavy brown hair that we're all familiar with in Western cultures isn't universal at all. Rather, it seems to simply have been an image that artists rendered, and that we, ...


6

Being as there is no image of Jesus that has any historical credibility, the question is based on a faulty premise. We simply do not know what Jesus' hair looked like. The paintings to which you allude tend to be those painted by the European masters in the 16th & 17th Centuries. At the time, it was fashionable for men to have longer hair, and thus it ...


6

Lucas Cranach the Elder (c.1472 – 16 October 1553), a German Renaissance painter and printmaker in woodcut and , made the following woodcut in 1523.It depicts Satan as half serpent and half woman! Adam and Eve, Woodcut by Lucas Cranach, the Elder, 1523.


6

Do any denominations use the full form of INRI? The short answer is yes. First of all, there are several denominations that have the tradition of have of displaying crucifixes in their church, such as Catholics, Eastern Orthodox, Anglicans and Lutherans. Although these churches have crucifixes in them, the vast majority of these works of art, simply have ...


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