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Why aren't some words like "Maranatha" or "Talitha Cumi" translated in English Bibles?

There are specific reasons that can be identified in each instance, but the three you mention share one important feature: they are Semitic (i.e. Aramaic or Hebrew) words amid the (otherwise) Greek ...
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16 votes

Why didn't the Jews understand "Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani"?

There are two basic theories here. The first is that the crowd misheard Jesus. The second is that they purposefully twisted his words to mock him. Commentators are fairly evenly split on which ...
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8 votes

How many languages had the Hebrew Bible been translated into by 30 CE?

It might be helpful for you to research the Septuagint, which is also referred to as LXX being the Roman numeral for seventy as it is traditionally believed that seventy Jewish elders performed the ...
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7 votes

Why did Jesus use a Greek proverb when He spoke Aramaic to Saul in Acts 26:14?

Acts 25:14, "it is hard for thee to kick against the pricks," is a direct quotation from a play by Euripides (d. 406 BCE), the Bacchae, with Jesus speaking instead of the Greek god Dionysus. Euripides ...
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5 votes

Why did Jesus use a Greek proverb when He spoke Aramaic to Saul in Acts 26:14?

That Saul had some familiarity with Greek literature is shown by a number of passages, for example: For in him we live, and move, and have our being; as certain also of your own poets have said, For ...
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5 votes
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Why are some words of Jesus in Aramaic transliterated in the Gospels of Mark?

In the case of "Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani" (Mark 15,34) the Aramaic is needed to explain the misunderstanding in verse 35 when some of the crowd think He is calling for Elijah. The mistake is ...
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3 votes

What evidence is there that the New Testament was originally written in Aramaic?

The hypothesis of an Aramaic original for the New Testament holds that the original text of the New Testament was not written in Greek, as held by the majority of scholars, but in the Aramaic language,...
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3 votes
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How do Bible scholars reconcile the differences between Greek and Aramaic in John 21:15-17?

There are several explanations for this, but no consensus. These include: 1) He often spoke Greek; 2) He did on this occasion; 3) agape and phileo are synonymous anyway : 4) the conversation was in ...
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2 votes

Why did Jesus use a Greek proverb when He spoke Aramaic to Saul in Acts 26:14?

As others have pointed out, in Paul’s desert experience, he heard a voice in Hebrew: ”it is hard for you to kick against the pricks.” The phrase is a direct quotation from a play by Euripides (d. 406 ...
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2 votes
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How do you say "My Lord and my God" in Aramaic or Hebrew?

How do you say "My Lord and my God" in Aramaic or Hebrew? In Aramaic it is Mar Walah ("My Lord and my God"). I have a few CDs in learning Aramaic, but occasionally I go to YouTube ...
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2 votes

How many languages had the Hebrew Bible been translated into by 30 CE?

The Hebrew Bible (as a whole) had only been translated into one language, Greek (Koine), by 30CE. This translation is known as the Greek Septuagint (Greek: "seventy"), or "LXX", ...
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2 votes

Liturgical prayer in Aramaic

The following is not meant to be an answer specific to the question, but may help in some research on the subject: The Syro Malabar and Syro Malankara rites of the Catholic Church in Kerala, India, ...
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2 votes

Some questions concerning Aramaic in the Old Testament

Daniel Chapter 2 from the second part of verse 4 through the end of Chapter 7 is in written in the Aramaic language and with same script as the Hebrew scriptures. There are several less substantial ...
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1 vote

Some questions concerning Aramaic in the Old Testament

There are two versions of the Aramaic Scriptures - the Targumim and the Peshitta. There are probably many here more knowledgeable than I here, but I think that the Targumim were completed about a ...
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1 vote

Why does Mark 15:34 say "Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani"?

Perhaps the expression has a significance in their memory. Consider that Jesus' disciples, being Jews, were familiar with the Law and Prophets. Perhaps less than the scribes and Pharisees, but of the ...
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