15 votes

What objective, foolproof method do Eastern Orthodox have for working out which side is correct in the case of a Schism?

In essence you are asking an epistemological question: How can one side "know" that it is correct in a theological debate? The question could just as well apply to any Christian body, let alone the ...
  • 5,422
13 votes

When did Martin Luther lose his Apostolic succession according to Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Churchеs?

According to the Catholic Church, the short answer is that he never lost it. In fact, in the strict sense, Martin Luther never participated in apostolic succession to begin with. Apostolic succession ...
13 votes

In which other churches do Roman Catholics recognize apostolic succession?

I am not really satisfied with any of the answers given here, because they do not seem to answer the question. First of all, apostolic succession refers to the fact that all bishops (that is, all ...
12 votes
Accepted

How has apostolic succession been "unbroken" in the wake of depositions, antipopes, immorality, and simony?

Apostolic succession and Papal succession are not one and the same. Is the nature of apostolic succession meant to be an unbroken succession of valid popes? No. Rather the nature of apostolic ...
8 votes
Accepted

How do Anglicans, who recognize apostolic succession, trace theirs?

The same way that the Catholics do. Anglicans consider themselves catholic and reformed. The Anglican church was the Catholic Church in England until the reformation when they stopped recognizing the ...
  • 8,755
6 votes
Accepted

How long can the Catholic Church be without a pope?

You would have the succession, since the Pope would be the valid successor to his predecessor. So there is no break in succession. But the Church would be limping, as it were, until its proper order ...
  • 7,422
6 votes

What is the Biblical basis against Apostolic Succession?

Protestants are not generally against the idea of certain individuals having been called and gifted by God to exercise authority over a local assembly of believers, nor a hierarchy within that ...
  • 11.2k
5 votes

How do Anglicans, who recognize apostolic succession, trace theirs?

Up until the time of the Reformation, the line of apostolic succession is the same between the Church of England and Roman Catholicism. The English Reformation initially had more in common with the ...
5 votes
Accepted

Does a comprehensive list for apostolic succession exist?

I believe that Catholic Hierarchy is currently the best tool for showing apostolic succession. Keep in mind that written records only exist going back to the Renaissance, and they get spottier as we ...
5 votes
Accepted

Do (or did) any Protestant denominations believe in apostolic succession like Catholics do?

Yes a number of churches other than the Roman Catholic Church believe in the Apostolic succession. A good example is the Church of England, which also follows the commonly accepted definition of ...
  • 30.3k
4 votes
Accepted

According to Protestants, must clergy be ordained by other ordained clergy?

John Calvin, whose theology heavily influenced every Reformer (here I exclude the Anabaptists and other such groups), has a chapter in his Institutes of the Christian Religion which discusses the ...
  • 1,349
4 votes

What and where are the evidences for the Catholic Church's Apostolic Succession?

First of all, the Catholic Church admits that both Rome and Antioch (Orthodox) have a line of succession starting with St. Peter. Speaking of the apostolic succession of Antioch, the Catholic ...
4 votes
Accepted

Was there any meaningful difference between the terms "presbyter" and "priest" in early Christianity?

I don't have any documents to show you, but I do want to point out some linguistic aspects to this question that can lead to confusion. In English, the word priest comes from a contraction of the ...
  • 1,045
4 votes
Accepted

Anglican apostolic succession

One concept of Apostolic Succession, sometimes called "tactile succession", is that bishops derive their position by being consecrated by other bishops, who were themselves consecrated by earlier ...
  • 7,190
4 votes

How do protestants respond to apostolic succession?

Protestants would answer that apostolic succession does not mean a denomination has some sort of linkage or appointments from today backward to one of the apostles. Apostolic succession is not some ...
  • 11.4k
3 votes

What did early Christians say about apostolic succession?

To answer the question, no the early church did not reject "apostolic succession". But to understand the answer, it is necessary to define exactly what the question is; what precisely is "apostolic ...
  • 11.4k
3 votes
Accepted

I seek the LDS perspective concerning Cornelius and his house receiving the Holy Ghost without laying on of hands in Acts 10:44-45

There is no contradiction to the claims Joseph Smith made. The Holy Ghost is the convincing power of God unto [them] of the truth of the Gospel (from Joseph Smith quote) Cornelius and other's in ...
  • 8,508
3 votes

What did early Christians say about apostolic succession?

Another answer has already cited Irenaeus (130-202). The passage cited from Against Heresies - III.III.1 - appears as a reference in Pope Paul VI' Encyclical, Dogmatic Constitution on Divine ...
  • 5,422
3 votes

In which other churches do Roman Catholics recognize apostolic succession?

Gee, so many posts by people who have so little knowledge of this absolutely crucial matter (crucial for churches with sacramental theology --seven ecumenical councils, seven sacraments, visible ...
3 votes

How is "binding and loosing" extrapolated to all clergy?

Christ gave the power of "binding and loosing" to Peter alone with this saying; however, a little while later He also told all the apostles: Amen, I say to you, whatever you bind on earth shall be ...
  • 18.3k
3 votes

How has apostolic succession been "unbroken" in the wake of depositions, antipopes, immorality, and simony?

Instances of popes being involuntarily deposed by conquering sovereigns and replaced with one sympathetic to that conqueror. A specific example is need to answer this question. See below. Instances ...
  • 483
3 votes

When did Paul receive Holy Orders?

Paul says that he received his calling direct from God and not from man (flesh and blood), then went to Arabia, then Damascus and met Peter only after a further three years, in which he had already ...
3 votes

What is the Biblical basis against Apostolic Succession?

Firstly, lets acknowledge that a lot of Protestants do practice apostolic succession, including the Anglicans, which is how some of their priests are able to be accepted as Catholic Clergy, but also ...
  • 18.7k
3 votes
Accepted

Did the Early Church (ante-Nicene period) believe in the continuation or cessation of the office of Apostle?

The Ante-Nicene Fathers provide a variety of viewpoints on this matter. As with so many other topics, there was lively disagreement among their ranks. I'll loosely group ideas into 3 broad categories, ...
3 votes

Where do we find the Sacrament of Holy Orders in the Bible?

Summary From a concise article The Seven Sacraments: An Introduction and Overview by a Catholic Jesuit Felix Just, S.J. which includes the biblical basis for all the 7 Catholic sacraments, these ...
3 votes
Accepted

Why do the successors of the Apostles do not carry the titles and dignity as apostles?

It is true that the Apostle’s successors were either named by the Apostles or were chosen by the Christian communities were bishops and not apostles. The personal prerogatives and titles were not ...
  • 55.5k
3 votes

How do protestants respond to apostolic succession?

There is a problem with the word 'bishop' as used in the question. The New Testament uses that word, episkopos (which can also be translated as 'overseer') on three occasions when speaking of men ...
  • 19k
2 votes

How did the threefold distinction of Deacon, Priest and Bishop come about?

The early overlap in the three offices was primarily between bishop (ἐπίσκοπος - episkopos) and presbyter (or "priest", "elder"; πρεσβύτερος - presbyteros). "In the Apostolic writings," writes ...
  • 5,422
2 votes

How did the threefold distinction of Deacon, Priest and Bishop come about?

The first century writing known as the Didache only mentions apostles, or missionaries. However, Paul's use of the Greek term for deacon ('servant') indicates that this office dates from the early ...
2 votes

How long can the Catholic Church be without a pope?

There must be a perpetual line of successors of St. Peter. The First Vatican Council defined (Pastor Æternus ch. 2) the dogma that there will be a perpetual line of successors of St. Peter, the first ...
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