17

Historically, Mark is seen as one of Peter's disciples. The historian Papias in the 2nd Century refers to him as such. Likewise, the evidence in the narrative, for example, indicates that Peter was a significant source for most of the material, and most theologians accept Mark as "Peter's" Gospel. Also, its seeming indication that the Temple is still ...


17

I got most of this information by perusing Wikipedia. Simon Peter (brother of Andrew) - traditionally said to be buried in Rome, under St. Peter's Basilica. The tomb dates between 130 and 300. James (son of Zebedee and older brother of John) also called "James the Greater" - as the patron saint of Spain, he is said to have been buried in Santiago de ...


14

The problem is no one knows exactly what John ever said apart from his writings. It's the same with Paul. What Traditions were extant in their time? Do we really believe they taught, for example, the Immaculate Conception? How would we know? It's an argument from silence and it's an argument that led to division not just between Protestant and Catholic, ...


13

I believe so. Popular thought on the subject agree that Bartholomew and Nathanael are the same person. While there is no passage in the Bible that directly says "Bartholomew is Nathanael," circumstantial evidence points in that direction. Arguments can be made either way; church tradition points toward them being one and the same. Arguments for: First, ...


12

24 And they prayed, and said, Thou, Lord, which knowest the hearts of all men, shew whether of these two thou hast chosen, 25 That he may take part of this ministry and apostleship, from which Judas by transgression fell, that he might go to his own place. 26 And they gave forth their lots; and the lot fell upon Matthias; and he was numbered ...


11

Based upon Paul's comment in 1 Corinthians 9:5, it would certainly seem logical to conclude that each of the Disciples had wives that traveled with them in ministry. Certainly we cannot conclude that each one did have a wife as a traveling companion but the statement certainly would cause us to conclude that many if not most did. If that be the case, I ...


11

The original 12 apostles/disciples of Jesus were all Jewish. By Jewish I understand you to mean "of the twelve tribes of Israel"/ Israelites. Since one can interpret Jewish to be the religion, and there are Gentiles who adopt Judaism and are sometimes considered Jewish from a religious perspective, one needs to be careful with the term. But from ...


11

Jesus himself was born about 5BC. He didn't start his public ministry until his 30s. If Andrew was born in 5BC then he also would have been in his 30s when he was a disciple.


10

As with any leadership position in the Church, the calling of an Apostle is extended through revelation, by the leadership with the authority to call someone to the position, and a candidate does not apply or campaign for it. The new apostle will be chosen by the First Presidency, a council made up of the President of the Church and his two councilors, who ...


10

Two prominent advocates of this view are Rudolf Stier (1800–62) and Lloyd John Ogilvie (1930–). They argue both that the apostles erred, and that ultimately the evidence points to Paul being the true 12th apostle. They make several arguments: The method of selection, particularly the casting of lots, was improper The selection was unnecessarily hasty The ...


9

Rabbi and Talmidim First of all, I encourage you to read this article 1, it was the first thing that came to mind when I read your question as it answers it perfectly. I'll do my best to sum it up: In short, the reason the Apostles dropped what they were doing and followed Christ at the words, "Follow me," is because Jesus surprised them with an ...


9

Just as the political principle of separation of powers isn't needed and wouldn't make sense in an absolute monarchy or a dictatorship, so too does the doctrine of sola scriptura assume and require that there are actually other sources of divine inspiration alongside the scriptures. Sola scriptura is a doctrine that sets controls on how we understand and use ...


8

Judas, of course, hung himself after betraying Jesus James is the only other Apostle whose death is recorded in Scripture, in Acts 12:1-2 It was about this time that King Herod arrested some who belonged to the church, intending to persecute them. 2 He had James, the brother of John, put to death with the sword. The rest of the Apostles deaths are ...


8

1 AD represents Jesus' birth, not his ministry or death & resurrection The Anno Domini method of numbering years was devised by Dionysius Exiguus in which he said that the current year was both "the consulship of Probus Junior" and 525 years "since the incarnation [i.e. the birth] of our Lord Jesus Christ". It's not clear how he came to that reckoning, ...


7

The words used in this question, for example, “Errorless”, or by using open statements solely without proper parameters like “infallibility” without setting up boundaries makes the question easy to answer. No, Jesus never stated or certified that the apostles where errorless (In all Things) or infallible (In all things), ever. I may be wrong but I feel ...


7

Whenever you have questions like this, the first place to turn is wikipedia. Of course, you can never really "trust" wikipedia, but you can still get a good overview of the situation, and---much more importantly---you can use its references to track down the information you really want. So, if you visit the wikipedia page on Ignatius, you will find two ...


6

Follow my example, as I follow the example of Christ. (1 Corinthians 11:1, NIV) Paul, indeed said that we should follow his example, which is to follow the example of Christ. The ultimate goal in Christian life is to become like Christ. Therefore, The Ideal Christian to be imitated is not only Paul, but all the Apostles also. The Ideal Person ...


6

Did some disciples get treated differently from others? You've pretty much answered your own question here. Jesus had many disciples. At least seventy, probably many more. And different groups were certainly treated differently. The best-known select group were the Twelve, called the Apostles. They were given more detailed explanations of some of Jesus' ...


6

Luke 10:1 (NIV) After this the Lord appointed seventy-two[a] others and sent them two by two ahead of him to every town and place where he was about to go. [a] Some manuscripts seventy; also in verse 17 Jesus did not have only Twelve disciples. There were other Seventy or Seventy-two disciples that Jesus appointed to preach the Gospel. ...


6

John Calvin starts by reminding us that Jesus commanded them to begin at Jerusalem (Acts 1:4,8), and says that it makes sense that they would stay there until "being brought into some other place by his hand": But here may a question be asked, forasmuch as they were commanded to preach the gospel throughout the whole world, (Mark 16:16) why they stayed at ...


6

Some commentators think so. John 20:19 is the best indication: On the evening of that day, the first day of the week, the doors being locked where the disciples were for fear of the Jews, Jesus came and stood among them and said to them, “Peace be with you.” [ESV] Thomas Constable's analysis is common: The disciples had gathered in a secure room ...


6

Yes. First off, we know that Jesus told them to prepare to defend themselves and see to their own safety. Shortly thereafter, he was imprisoned, taken to trial in what would today be called a "kangaroo court", convicted on trumped-up charges, and put to death. His inner circle would definitely have every reason to fear for their own safety, and indeed ...


6

I'll deal with Junia's gender first. Although the Greek manuscripts are ambiguous as to her gender, Wikipedia says "the consensus among some modern New Testament scholars is that Junia was a woman" and points out that the first known reference to Junia as a male comes from Origen no earlier than the late second century, although from a late medieval copy of ...


6

Eusebius of Caesarea was, as far as I know, the first Church historian to comment on the history of the New Testament books we call the "Gospels". Eusebius wrote in the late 3rd and early 4th centuries. According to Eusebius, the contents of the Gospel of Mark are attributed to the Apostle Peter, of whom Mark (or "John Mark") was a disciple. The 2nd ...


6

There are a few things to consider. First of all, the Jewish Ceremonial and Civil Laws have no bearing on US today. For example, i live in the U.S. and am a gentile christian. Therefore the laws of Israel, and the regulations of Judaism have no bindings on me. These people were still living in Israel, and were commanded by Jesus to follow the laws of the ...


5

Comparing Acts 1:15-20, particularly vs. 20, with Psalm 109:6-20 demonstrates that Judas was married and that he had several children. The passage in Psalm 109 is not hyperbole; it is meant to be literal. Judas had a wife and several children. If Judas had children and was away from home for 3 1/2 years being trained for future ministry just like the ...


5

The question is: Did the NT writers themselves know that they were writing an inspired record? Though there is at least one major exception, which is mentioned below, for the most part the New Testament authors simply wrote their accounts without commenting on whether they were inspired. We can therefore glean only a few clues here and there about their ...


5

From a Pentecostal perspective that believes in a restored five-fold office-gift ministry: An apostle is a "Sent One" & and an apostle's "sentiness" manifests in the supernatural authority they bear in terms of enacting the mission that they have been entrusted with. Apostles are leaders par excellence, and are usually identified ...


5

It's not written in any of the four gospels (Matthew, Mark, Luke, John) that Jesus was alone. Someone in a comment below prior to this edit referenced a hymn called "Jesus walked this lonesome valley" - this is an assumption by the composer. Aside from Satan's obvious presence, no further information is given about other witnesses of the event - we could ...


5

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints has a Quorum of the Twelve Apostles: https://newsroom.churchofjesuschrist.org/topic/quorum-of-the-twelve-apostles The modern-day Quorum of the Twelve Apostles was organized in 1835 and is an example of the literal restoration to the earth of the church established by Jesus Christ. The Quorum of the Twelve ...


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