14

This answer draws extensively from Angel Pope and Papal Antichrist, Bernard McGinn, Church History 47(2):155-173, 1978. McGinn is a Catholic and an expert on medieval mysticism. The identification of the Pope with the Antichrist of Revelation comes essentially from Joachim of Fiore, a twelfth-century mystic who was particularly interested in the pattern of ...


9

The roots of the doctrine in its primative form actually reaches back to the views of very early church fathers. I add this history to show the period prior to people like Joachim described in the other post. The idea stems from a very early belief by church fathers that the antichrist would be a new form of government in the Roman Empire. A powerful papacy ...


7

The Greek ἀντίχριστος, meaning 'antichrist', is used in 1 John and 2 John to refer specifically to an opponent of Christ. On the other hand, an apostate is someone who has voluntarily left his or her former religion. The apostate need not be in opposition to the former religion and, depending on circumstances, could even be on good terms with those who ...


5

I've heard the phrase before. There is no reference in the Bible that states it or that can even construe it. However, the idea is popular in some end-times circles. It almost always refers to Nimrod of the Old testament. For example: The book, The Beast Who Once Was: New Insight into End Times Prophecy by Chris Relitz refers to Revelation 17:8 to ...


5

No. The Article of the Westminster Confession quoted in the question clearly identifies the Pope as the Antichrist. However the Westminster Confession is not a doctrinal standard of the Anglican Churches. In the UK the Westminster Confession is the official doctrinal standard in Scotland, but not in England. The Church of Scotland, however, is not an ...


5

If I say 'B is that A' it does not exclude the possibility of also saying 'C is that A'. That the Savoy Declaration (and others that followed it) states the Pope of Rome as being 'Antichrist' does not mean that the authors meant to exclusively define 'Antichrist' to mean 'Pope of Rome'. They were locating what, to them (as Reformers), was the prime example ...


5

From the official web-site of the Watchtower Society, I read the article, “Who is the Antichrist?” as posted by them at http://www.jw.org/en/publications/magazines/wp20150601/who-is-the-antichrist/ From their own statements in that 1 June 2015 article they say that “the antichrist is, not an individual, but a collective term. People or organizations ...


5

Just to add an answer to Cecil's, which is solid, but to elaborate more closely on the ideal of a personal antichrist. Anti in the context of Christ refers to not only being opposite or opposed to, but also "in place of." Since, from Revelation, we see that this antichrist is given power and authority by the dragon (universally recognized as Satan), the ...


5

Reading the new testament texts within a systematic eschatology, readers could conceivably equate the 'antichrist' of the Johannine epistles with either of the beasts from the Revelation, or the 'man of lawlessness' from Paul, but this is purely reader inference; such connections are not made explicit within these individual texts (e.g. the author of 1 John ...


4

Revelation chapter 13 verses 11 through 18 describe the Antichrist, and his actions during the buildup to Armageddon, and even though the Bible does not implicitly call him the antichrist, many denominations, and many Christians have dubbed that individual as the Antichrist because his actions are diametrically opposite of what Christ did. Rev 13:11 through ...


3

As Christ is manifest in His Body on earth (the Church) so will the created spirit (the entity known as Diabolos and Satan and Serpent) seek to be manifested, not in one human being, but in all of humanity on earth. This is quite obvious in the book of the Revelation. The mark of the beast, none buying or selling without that mark, all being pressed upon to ...


3

Regarding the "last hour" language, dispensationalist Thomas Constable writes that it is the entire time between the ascension and the return of Christ: In the drama of human history, all of John's readers, including ourselves, play our part in the last act. Throughout the New Testament, the writers regarded the present inter-advent age, after the ...


2

St. John Paul II once stated that we are now nearing the final confrontation. “We are now standing in the face of the greatest historical confrontation humanity has gone through. I do not think that wide circles of American society or wide circles of the Christian community realize this fully. We are now facing the final confrontation between the Church ...


2

Spiritual revolt using Church's authority Cardinal Manning, the most prominent father at the First Vatican Council who was responsible for the definition on papal infallibility, said in his Temporal Power of the Vicar of Christ 2nd part (4 lectures), "The Perpetual Conflict of the Vicar of Christ", pp. 81-173 (available in printed form from ...


2

How can one identify the Anti-Christ, can he be a Bishop opposing the Papacy in relation to 1 John 2:19-20? Impossible to say as we do not know who he is as of yet. The Early Church Fathers believe that he would be of Hebrew descent: a Jew. For them it was the only possible way to deceive the Chosen People: a false Messiah. These type of questions are ...


2

The church father Irenaeus  (130-202) said there were many names that could be produced from the number, and he speculates about the name using the “Greek fashion of calculation”, using the value of the letters contained in 666 and trying to mathematically produce a name. He attributes the erroneous number 616 to a copyist error, and states that none of the ...


2

Without getting into an elaborate explanation about the second coming of Christ, I'll say simply that you could just as accurately have called the "second coming of Christ" the second coming of our Lord Jesus Christ. Concerning the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ and our being gathered to him, we ask you, brothers and sisters, not to become ...


2

Read Matthew 24:30(ESV) - "Then will appear in heaven the sign of the Son of Man, and then all the tribes of the earth will mourn, and they will see the Son of Man coming on the clouds of heaven with power and great glory..." Jesus referred to himself as, and is referred to as, the "Son of Man" many times throughout the New Testament. In ...


2

Rhetorician has given an excellent answer to your question. There are many different views about the second coming of Christ but if I may, I would like to add a few points taken from the Bible. The first coming of the Christ, the Messiah, happened some 2,000 years ago. He was the humble servant king, prophesied in Isaiah chapter 53, who was oppressed and ...


2

What is the Scriptural evidence for the Protestant view that the AntiChrist will be Jewish? This is not a view that is shared uniquely by some Protestants. Many Catholics, Orthodox and other denominations hold this viewpoint. The problem with prophecy is that it becomes understood, only after the event foretold have run their course! The Church Father, ...


1

If Satan is unable to become incarnate will he possess and control the Antichrist? The short answer is: possibly! The only inspired books which contain the word "antichrist" are the Epistles of St. John (I, ii. 18, 22, iv. 3; II, 7). As far as we can ascertain, he is the first Christian writer to employ the term. Whether he coined it to express an ...


1

The Antichrist is a single person, but anyone opposed to Christ can also be called an antichrist: Sacræ Theologiæ Summa IVB on the Last Things, §264 "The coming of the Antichrist", PDF pp. 462-463, says "Antichrist" designates: a) broadly, the one who is Christ’s adversary, so that therefore there are many anti­christs; b) but by ...


1

Your Mandella Affected misrememberation may have been attributed to the Gospel of Mark where Jesus is casting out a demon with a confusing name. He asked him, “What is your name?” He replied, “Legion is my name. There are many of us. Mk 5:9 - NAB At least that's what my mind immediately came up with when reading your question. "Beast" and "...


1

Has Pope Benedict XVI or Pope St. John Paul II written anything extensively (or even informally supported any author) on the subject of the Antichrist and the end times? Answer YES! Pope Emeritus Benedict XVI had clearly prophesied the future of the Vatican II Church in line with CCC675, CCC676 & CCC6777. The future of Vatican II Church according to Pope ...


1

My understanding is that dispensationalists broadly speaking subscribe to a futurist interpretation of the end of the age, Parousia and thousand years - as opposed to preterist, historicist, or idealist. Regarding the timing of the Parousia and thousand years, premillennial dispensationalism places the Parousia before the thousand years, and the thousand ...


1

My guess is, Satan knows God will do it, but doesn't know exactly HOW. I can tell you two examples: 1) Satan know about about Jesus passion, but he is unable to entirely stop it... Satan tries Jesus on desert 3 times, and "enter in Jude" to betray Jesus, start storms on sea, etc... Look at these verses: And there was in their synagogue a man with an ...


1

Irenaeus, a disciple of Polycarp who was a disciple of John, gave these reasons in the second century when the apostolic teaching was fresh in the church. And for this reason the apostle says: “Because they received not the love of God, that they might be saved, therefore God shall also send them the operation of error, that they may believe a lie, ...


1

In Satan's case, it's not a matter of "either/or," but "both/and." Among us mortals, you're either an apostate or an antichrist, but it's highly unlikely you're both at the same time (though I suppose an apostate could then become an antichrist as a way--for example--of getting back at a local fellowship by feigning repentance for his apostate ways only to ...


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