9

Moses, after speaking with God, had a shining face. When he came out from speaking with God he would give the people God's commands under the Law with the glory of a 'shining face' which they feared with trembling and fright. Before the glory faded, signifying the non lasting nature of the covenant under the law, Moses would put a veil over his face. He ...


6

Church fathers from the first four centuries understand Christ being called "sin" to mean that Christ bore our sin. Eusebius (260–340), for example, connects this verse with the idea that Christ, "descending into our state of slavery[,] took away our sins."1 Cyril of Alexandria (376–444) emphasizes that Christ himself did not sin: We do not say that ...


5

There is absolutely no difference in meaning. But there are regional conventions. Donald Trump was mocked for saying "Two Corinthians", but in Australia that is not just acceptable, but probably more common than "Second Corinthians". We would also say "One Samuel", "Two Kings", "Two Timothy" and "Three John". In fact, I think think it's almost slightly ...


5

The Catholic Haydock Commentary on 2 Cor. 12:7 says: A sting of my flesh,[1] an angel, or a messenger of Satan, to buffet me. The Latin word [stimulus] signifies any thing that pricks or stings, the Greek word [σκόλοψ] a sharp stick or pale: he speaks by a metaphor, as also when he says to buffet me; that is, by causing great trouble or pain. Some ...


4

What is the difference between God and the Spirit of God? What is the difference between Christ and the Spirit of Christ? What is the difference between the Father and the Son? We could go on and on. If we understood this perfectly, we would be God and that is untrue so we can never understand this question finally. The church fathers simply asserted (in ...


4

It is true that very often Harmartia is used to mean sin or offence in the new testament. It could be exactly what Paul means in 2 Corinthians 5:21 as well, even though this has caused no small difficulty in understanding down through the centuries for individuals as much as for entire theologies. There are so many references to Jesus taking away sin, ...


3

Regarding Purgatory and Protestantism, I found an article that starts thus: According to the Catholic Encyclopedia, Purgatory is “a place or condition of temporal punishment for those who, departing this life in God's grace, are not entirely free from venial faults, or have not fully paid the satisfaction due to their transgressions.” To summarize, in ...


3

There is no contradiction when we understand the nature of the "judgment seat" of Christ. That seat is in contrast to the "great white throne". For we [believers] must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ; that every one may receive the things done in his body, according to that he hath done, whether it be good or bad. At 2 Cor. 5:10, the word ...


3

The following is a Bible based answer. This is what Jehovah's Witnesses Believe. These words to still apply today in the sense that there are many who claim to be Christians who are not really living as Christians and are promoting beliefs that do not harmonize with true Christianity as taught in the Bible. The ones doing this are helping Satan to ...


2

Fr. Garrigou-Lagrange, O.P., in his Three Ages of the Interior Life (part III, ch. XIII, B. "The Union of Humility and Christian Dignity"): In his commentary on this chapter of the Second Epistle to the Corinthians, St. Thomas speaks admirably of the union of humility and magnanimity in St. Paul. He writes as follows: “As charity is the root of ...


2

Perhaps you are thinking of "The Interior Castle" by St. Teresa of Avila, Doctor of the Catholic Church? On page 77 of the document at this link, the introduction to the 3rd Chapter, she specifically cites 2 Cor. xii. 2-4. This sounds to me close to your question, though this is not the final stage of perfection in that book.


2

In a sense, the issue is contextual. Repentance is not just for non-Christ followers; it is for everyone, Christians included. To repent is to do an about-face. You're going in one direction--the wrong direction, the carnal direction, as were some of the Corinthian believers--and you repent, make a 180-degree turn, and then go in the right direction. Let'...


2

What is the difference between God and the spirit of God? We'll see that the 'spirit of God' is the same as the 'Holy Spirit'. The terms are interchangeable. God is the creator. The HS is not, but is prominent in God's creation process. we see from John that the logos is also prominent in creation, but God is still the creator. God alone is immortal, He is ...


2

The question seems to be finding something that simply isn't there. Consider other translations of this verse, e.g. CSB: From now on, then, we do not know anyone from a worldly perspective. Even if we have known Christ from a worldly perspective, yet now we no longer know him in this way. It's talking about how we should relate to other people, at a ...


1

For you know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that though he was rich, yet for your sake he became poor, so that you by his poverty might become rich. 2 Cor 8:9 What is 'rich' meaning? Making this about material possessions presumes much and ignores context. The Q approaches from an odd stance regarding Jesus supposed pre-existence - as what we do not ...


1

According to Thayer's Greek Lexicon, the word God has a wide range of meanings: STRONGS NT 2316: Θεός ... a general appellation of deities or divinities ... Whether Christ is called God ... spoken of the only and true God ... Θεός is used of whatever can in any respect be likened to God, or resembles him in any way: Hebraistically, equivalent to God's ...


1

Father - Matthew uses strong number 3962 in greek for father while Paul uses strong number 1080. I'm not sure how this distinction was understood 2,000 years ago however it appears that there is one. Without knowing the historical distinction we can conclude from the context of both passages that A. Matthew is using the term 'father' in the context of ...


1

There is no contradiction because the two verses are teaching separate doctrines It appears you believe the Isaiah verse is teaching that God will forgive all people regardless their actions while the 2 Cor. verse is teaching our actions matter. That's not quite right because you're comparing apples and oranges. Let's start with your verse in Isaiah in ...


1

Paul means do not be in a relationship with unbelievers such as marriage, business, or other situations where there would be pressure to compromise. That is different from being friends with unbelievers with a view to win them to Christ. Jesus himself quoted the Pharisees saying in Matthew 11:19 "The Son of Man came eating and drinking, and they say, ‘Look ...


1

2 Corinthians 2:15-16 - what does this passage mean? 2 Corinthians 2:15-16 For we are unto God a sweet savour of Christ, in them that are saved, and in them that perish: To the one we are the savour of death unto death; and to the other the savour of life unto life. And who is sufficient for these things? Paul uses the human faculty of sensation ...


1

What does it mean that Satan is “god of this world”? One might use an illustration of the tenancy of earth as represented as a lease. This tenancy (stewardship) was given to Adam. His sin allowed tenancy to transfer to Satan. Satan is able to influence this world through those who are eager to do his will; John 8:44 Ye are of your father the devil, ...


1

There are various meanings of the word "world" in Holy Scripture: I. – THE TERM “WORLD.” In order to understand more fully the notion of Cosmology, or of the science of the world, it is necessary first to explain what the term “world” or cosmos means. Cosmos is a word first used by Pythagoras, meaning ornament, or elegance, which the Latins ...


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