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508 views

What are the differences between “spiration” and “procession”?

According to Merriam-Webster Dictionary, proceed means: Full Definition of proceed; intransitive verb 1: to come forth from a source : issue 2 a: to continue after a pause or ...
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69 views

Did Churches plant a tree at their entrance in 13th century Christian Spain?

Nahmanides (in his commentary to Deut. 16:22) writes that the Christians in his time had a custom of planting a tree at the entrance of their Churches in order to mark them. Is there any ...
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135 views

What are the differences between the CRCNA position on infallibility and the ICBI position on inerrancy?

The International Committee on Biblical Inerrancy has set out two magisterial documents related to an understanding of inerrancy: the Chicago Statement on Biblical Inerrancy (1978) and the Chicago ...
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173 views

What is an overview of Pentecostal views on killing in war?

I've often heard from skeptics of Christianity, "Look at the many atrocities done in the name of Jesus in places like the Crusades. How can you claim that Jesus is loving?" I know that these claims ...
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72 views

How do Catholics understand the gathering of Jews in Isaiah 43:5–6?

Isaiah 43:5–6 reads: 5 Fear not, for I am with you;       from the east I will bring back your offspring,       from the west I will ...
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302 views

What is the Biblical Basis for considering techniques like cold reading to be prophecy?

Some modern day charismatic teachers exercise a kind of prophecy that seems very similar to non-Christian psychic readings or secular cold reading techniques. One example is Shawn Bolz prophesying, ...
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47 views

Was the transition from establishment to voluntary church support made with “little difficulty” in the US?

In A History of American Christianity, Chapter 16, Leonard Bacon writes: The transition from establishment to the voluntary system for the support of churches was made not without some difficulty, ...
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23 views

What are the differences between editions of Ryle's Expository Thoughts?

I've heard J.C. Ryle's devotional thoughts on the gospels ("Expository Thoughts") highly recommended by a few people. However there are a few editions out there, and different people have different ...
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83 views

What does the Catholic Church think about God being defined as “that than which nothing greater can be conceived”?

I think most modern Catholic theologians disagree with the claim that existing is greater than not existing, but what about the definition given by Anselm? Is that accepted? Why or why not?
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325 views

What views are there about the necessity of Jesus' murder?

In a former question, I was told me that different denominations of Christianity hold many views about if/why it was necessary for Jesus to be murdered instead of dying of old age. I would now like ...
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2answers
197 views

What is Paul meaning of “husband” and “married to another” in Romans 7:1-6

Romans 7 King James Version (KJV) 7 Know ye not, brethren, (for I speak to them that know the law,) how that the law hath dominion over a man as long as he liveth? 2 For the woman which hath an ...
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7 views

Did any medieval Catholics believe in the possibility the repentance was possible immediately after death?

Did any medieval Catholics have a pious belief that immediately after death, God gave people a last chance to repent of their sins and thus save their immortal soul from going to hell for all eternity?...
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34 views

What is the point to open the Book of Life in the Great White Throne Judgement according to the Calvinist?

Revelation 20 (12) And I saw the dead, great and small, standing before the throne, and books were opened. Then another book was opened, which is the book of life. And the dead were judged by what was ...
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47 views

1 Peter 2:7-8 different meaning on other language

1 Peter 2: (7) Now to you who believe, this stone is precious. But to those who do not believe, "The stone the builders rejected has become the cornerstone," (8)and, "A stone that causes people to ...
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2answers
49 views

What vehicle did God use for Jonah to receive this word?

The word of the Lord came to Jonah son of Amittai: 2 “Go to the great city of Nineveh and preach against it, because its wickedness has come up before me.” 3 But Jonah ran away from the Lord and ...
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1answer
120 views

Does Catholic Church acknowledge St. Paul the Apostle as consecrated Bishop during Apostolic times?

St. Paul the Apostles admitted that Christ did not sent him to baptize but to preach the Gospel. 17For Christ did not send me to baptize, but to preach the gospel, not with eloquent words of wisdom,...
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29 views

Is the ASV Bible public domain in the UK?

The ASV Bible is viewed to be a Public Domain work in America (as is the KJV), but is the ASV also considered a public domain bible in England? I ask this question because the internet indicates ...
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69 views

What is an overview of the different predestination beliefs?

I once saw a listing of around 20 different views of predestination on a site. I can't find it any more. I know my own view is a bit unorthodox, but it works cleanly with the biblical text. What is ...
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83 views

Is the Eucharist of non-Porvoo Lutheran church valid in the churches of Porvoo Communion?

Porvoo communion is the full Eucharistic communion of Lutheran churches of Northern Europe, but the Lutheran Church of Latvia is only observer in this communion. I understand that the Lutheran Church ...
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56 views

Atonement in Eastern Orthodoxy

The mainline protestant idea of Atonement is, as Luther himself put it, this: Jesus Christ, our God and Lord, died for our sins and was raised again for our justification (Romans 3:24–25). He ...
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1answer
119 views

Who was God talking to, at Babel?

At Genesis 11: 5-7 we read: " The Lord came down to see the city and the tower, which mortals had built. And the Lord said, “Look, they are one people, and they have all one language; and this is ...
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96 views

What explains the similarities in appearance between Jesus and a certain angel?

The primary physical description for Jesus is Revelation 1:13-15. I noticed that this physical description is essentially identical to the angel in Daniel 10:5-6 (unnamed, maybe Gabe). Each is/has: ...
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55 views

What does St. Augustine allude to when he writes in 'Confessions'?

In Book 1 of St. Augustine's 'Confessions', we read "Tell me, O God, I beg you; in your mercy tell me, pitiable creature that I am, did my infancy come after some other period of my existence which is ...
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119 views

Why doesn’t the Lutheran Church–Missouri Synod have bishops?

Most Lutheran synods in the United States, such as the Evangelical Lutheran Church of America (ELCA), have bishops as part of their church hierarchy just like many other mainline Protestants. Why ...
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84 views

Are there any Indian Christian traditions (Liturgical or scriptural) where God is referred to as “Brahman”?

The title sums up the question. The reason I ask is that historically Catholics have placed a heavy emphasis on inculturation when evangelising new cultures. Rather than introducing western words for ...
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37 views

Do Preterists observe “the Eucharist”?

Since Preterism teaches that the son of man has already come is it safe to infer that they also consider "the Lord's Supper" to be obsolete as well?: [1Co 11:26 CSB] 26 For as often as you eat this ...
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102 views

Assuming the Gospels are eye-witness accounts, how were certain events recorded where Jesus was alone?

For instance, the temptation in the desert. It was only Jesus and Satan there. Who could have recorded that? Or the prayers of Jesus in the garden of Gethsemane? Jesus went up alone while the ...
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68 views

Is there an English Bible translation that includes all of these books?

Apostolic Constitutions Bk. 8. XLVII Let the following books be esteemed venerable and holy by you, both of the clergy and laity. Of the Old Covenant: the five books of Moses— Genesis, Exodus, ...
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50 views

Calvinist Disagreement with Valentinian Gnosticism on Predestination

For the record, I do not believe Calvinists are cryto-Valentinians. I do not believe Calvinists are Gnostics, so please understand my question knowing I am not trying to paint anyone in a good or bad ...
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116 views

Which church fathers taught involuntary universal salvation?

Which early church fathers (including those now considered heretics like Origen) pre 1054 taught that "all will be saved", including all of the dead without "hearing and believing"? In other words, ...
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161 views

Which versions of the Bible do contemporary British Pentecostal churches typically use?

I am writing a novel where one of the characters is a Black British Pentecostal Christian from London. In the interests of accuracy, I am trying to work out which version of the Bible he would be ...
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67 views

What is the Current Official View of the Catholic Church on the Redemptive Work of Christ?

This question is not about whether Catholics think salvation is a process or a one time thing, it is more nuanced than that. I am looking for precise theological interpretations of Christ's ...
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93 views

If the flood was recent and local, then when did humans become omnivores?

After the flood, in Genesis 9:2-3, God gives humans permission to begin eating animals. We are finding traces of human civilization going back tens of thousands of years for Native Americans, so they ...
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77 views

What is the ‘Gospel of the Grace of God’?

I just encountered a teaching about ‘The Gospel of Promised Grace to Abraham’ or ‘The Gospel of Grace of God.’ It talks about the everlasting covenant of God to Abraham. I know how the promise of God ...
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531 views

Who was Jasher, the author of a book referenced in the bible?

Who was Jasher? Are there any historical references Jasher other than Author of a book referred in the bible?
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73 views

Are there any other judgments of Solomon in Christian tradition?

Today I told the story of the Judgement of Solomon to my children, and they were so fascinated I proceeded to read them the Biblical text 1 Kings 3:16-28. They then asked me for 'more' of Solomon's ...
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75 views

According to the Calvinist, how to choose which one is the meaning when the word Thanatos ---VS— Neukros appear in a sentence?

verse-A (Romans 5:12) Therefore, just as sin entered the world through one man, and death through sin, and in this way death came to all people, because all sinned verse-B (Romans 5:10) For ...
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1k views

In what year was the letter to the Galatians written?

I found conflicting sources on the internet: The first source said the Letter to the Galatians was written between 52-55 AD. The second source said it was written between 48-49 AD. Just comparing ...
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148 views

Has the Catholic Church made a list of events in the life of Jesus which took place in fulfillment of prophecies of the Old Testament?

There appears to be a number of events in the life of Jesus which took place in order to fulfill one prophecy or other of the Old Testament, but are not specifically quoted as such by the evangelists. ...
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1answer
262 views

Was God “unmerciful” to Ananias & Sapphira in Acts 5:1-10?

Mercy in the words of the Popes; “God’s face is the face of a merciful Father who is always patient. Have you thought about God’s patience, the patience he has with each one of us? That is his ...
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1answer
94 views

Did Jesus appear post-resurrection to twelve apostles?

We see at 1 Cor 15:3-5: For I handed on to you as of first importance what I in turn had received: that Christ died for our sins in accordance with the scriptures, and that he was buried, and that ...
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2answers
467 views

According to Vatican II Catholicism, what is the counterfeit church and what are its marks?

Words of Archbishop Fulton J. Sheen (1948): “[Satan] will set up a counterfeit church which will be the ape of the [Catholic] Church… It will have all the notes and characteristics of the Church, ...
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16 views

Did Jesus reject the apocrypha?

In this video, John Barnett says "Jesus rejected the apocrypha" at 2:06:46. He goes into detail to discuss how Jesus accepted particular writers but rejected others. Are there any scriptural ...
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42 views

What service did the sanctified firstborn of the Israelites do before the law and the Tent of the Congregation?

Exodus 13:2 KJB "Sanctify to me all the firstborn, whatever opens the womb among the children of Israel, both of man and of beast: it is mine." It seems commentaries are in agreement that these ...
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1answer
52 views

Perseverance of the elects ---vs— blasphemy against the Spirit according to Calvinist?

I am in the middle of discussion with a Calvinist friend. He said that the Elect will be forgiven and never lose his salvation. Some verses which I thought the verses are showing that to the one ...
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27 views

Does the Bible ever describe the Fall in ways different than Genesis 3?

In his book In the Beginning, Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger wrote the following with regards to the pre-Pauline hymn of Phil 2:5-11: We cannot consider this extraordinarily rich and profound text [Phil ...
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1answer
62 views

How did the crucifixion come to be?

Is it the pain and suffering on the cross that was the main consideration to the crucifier and that is why that they did it? Or is there some other symbolic meaning for crucifixion? How did the ...
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19 views

What is the contextual meaning of meek & it's relationship to entering the kingdom of God as like a child?

The concept of meek appears errored in most peoples view. Meek in its context of the time does not appear to mean timid. Instead it rather means to reserve action as in keeping the sword sheathed ...
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1answer
101 views

Why did Jesus keep himself and the disciples hungry and thirsty on some occasions?

We see at Matthew 12:1 (NRSVCE) : "At that time Jesus went through the grainfields on the sabbath; his disciples were hungry, and they began to pluck heads of grain and to eat." We also see at Mark ...
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180 views

Are these Messages between Pontius Pilate and Herod real?

Are the messages between Pontius Pilate and Herod real or are there no real epistles found between Herod and Pilate? The source, here is the exact part that I am talking about: From Pilate to ...

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